The Muslim world consists of the Middle East in Asia and the north African countries. The dominant ethnic/language group is Arabic.
Turkey is located on two continents (Asia and Europe). Turkey’s geographical location results in a mixture of both European and Middle Eastern traditions and culture. Istanbul is the largest city, laying along the Bosphorus strait that connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara.
Many of Turkey’s large cities in the West are reminiscent of major European cities. Turkey is a developed country with many modern technologies.
View of Istanbul with a view of the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia.
The Blue Mosque of Turkey. Mosques throughout the Middle East require visitors and worshipers to remove their shoes before entering. Also, women and men are separated and pray and different areas. Mosques have a central dome often with at least 4 minerets, or towers.
The country with the world’s largest population of Muslims is not in the Middle East; rather it is the country of Indonesia. A split occurred within the Islam religion, resulting in two groups—the Shiites and the Sunnis. The Shiites are mainly concentrated in Iran, Iraq, and Pakistan. The Shiites are supporters of Ali (the son-in-law of Muhammad), who they believed was the rightful successor of Muhammad.
Mecca—holiest city and birthplace of the prophet Muhammad; Medina—burial place of Muhammad; Jerusalem—ascended to heaven
Remains of an old Jewish church completed around 19BC; destroyed by the Romans in 70AD
8 times saltier than the ocean. 33.7 salinity
Great city of Babylon was at its height circa 2300BC.Nebuchanezer’s Hanging Gardens was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During the Neo-Assyrian Empire (c.883-612), large monumental bulls, often with wings and always with human heads, were placed as gateway guardians at the entrances of royal palaces like Khorsabad and Nineveh. The general idea behind them was that they warded off evil. The ziggurat at Ur dates back over 4,000 years ago.
The height of Persian rule lasted from about 550 B.C. until 330 B.C., when Alexander the Great overthrew the ruling Archaemenid dynasty and burned Persepolis to the ground
2300ft high—tallest in the world
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Bellringer: What two continents is theMuslim world located in?
QUICK WRITE What is the largest city in Turkey? What is the main language in the Middle East? Name one of the two mosques found in Istanbul? What is a mineret?
The Faith or Shahada, There is no God but Allah; his prophet Mohammad The Prayer or The Hajj; at Salat, Facing least once, a Mecca, MuslimMuslim must go pray at down, to Mecca on a noon, 4pm, 6pm Pilgrimage and bedtime The Fast or Sawm. From The Alms or dusk to dawn Zakat, One for 1 month must give to the Muslims fast. poor; Charity Ramadan
QUICK WRITE Who was the founder of Islam? What are followers of Islam called? What is the holiest city for Muslims? What is their place of worship called? What is the name of their holy book? Name two of the five pillars.
QUICK WRITE Capital of Israel Followers of Judaism are called ______? Holy book of Jews? Country dominated by the Jewish people. Sacred site of Jews. Why Jews returned to the land and took it over after World War II. Name for the group of Muslims who want independence from Israel?
TERRORISM IRAN (Since Jan. 19, 1984): - encourages militant groups including Hizbollah; increasingly assists militants in Iraq; provides Palestinian militants with funding, training and weapons. - declines to bring to justice senior al Qaeda members it has held since 2003. - is a particular concern because of its nuclear program. CUBA (Since March 1, 1982): - actively opposes U.S.-led war on terrorism; does not try to track or block militants assets; has taken no action against al Qaeda or other militant groups. - grants U.S. fugitives safe haven; has not satisfied U.S. extradition requests for people it calls terrorists. - maintains close ties with Iran and North Korea, and has provided safe haven to militants including members of Basque separatists ETA and Colombias leftist FARC. SUDAN (Since Aug. 12, 1993): - hosted al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in the 1990s, which weighs heavily in assessment of Sudan. - has caused concern with its handling of internal rebel movements, especially in western Sudan. SYRIA (Since Dec. 29, 1979): - provides political and material support to Hizbollah and Palestinian militant groups. - has been implicated in the 2005 assassination of Lebanese ex-Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri. Source: Reuters; U.S. State Dept. (www.state.gov.in)
QUICK WRITE Tile artwork is known as ______________. Tallest building in the world is located in which country? What does OPEC stand for? Full covering for Muslim women is called…? What is the name for the nomadic, desert dwelling people of the Middle East?