Lesson 6 - How can we deal with poverty?

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Lesson 6 - How can we deal with poverty?

  1. 1. 2.4 How can we deal with poverty? Lesson 6
  2. 2. How to help the poor? <ul><li>A. Government ( 政府 ) </li></ul><ul><li>B. NGOs ( 非政府組織 ) </li></ul><ul><li>C. Individuals ( 個人 ) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Government <ul><li>In 2009, the government decided to set a standard minimum wage ( 標準最低工資 ) across different industries. </li></ul><ul><li> Ensure low-educated and low-skilled workers a reasonable ( 合理的 ) wage level. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Government <ul><li>Reviews ( 檢討 ) policies on poverty alleviation ( 扶貧 ), hop ing to offer more appropriate help to them. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. CSSA scheme, Transport Support Scheme ( 交通費支援計劃 ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government <ul><li>Promotes the development of the economy and social enterprises ( 社會企業 ) </li></ul><ul><li> Aims to create more job opportunities for low-skilled people. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Government <ul><li>Has provided training courses to low-skilled and low-educated people </li></ul><ul><li> To improve their working skills </li></ul>
  7. 7. NGOs <ul><li>They offer help to the poor so as to reduce poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. ‘ F ood banks’ ( 食物銀行 ): provide food for poor families in urgent ( 緊急的 ) situations </li></ul>
  8. 8. NGOs <ul><li>Propose ( 建議 ) policies on poverty alleviation ( 扶貧 ) to the government </li></ul><ul><li>M onitor ( 監察 ) the effects ( 成效 ) of relevant government policies </li></ul>
  9. 9. NGOs <ul><li>Fight for the rights ( 權利 ) of low-income workers. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Urging ( 催促 ) to set minimum wage and maximum working hours ( 最高工時 ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Individuals <ul><li>We can understand and care about poor people, avoid discrimination ( 歧視 ) and prejudice ( 偏見 ). </li></ul><ul><li>We can join voluntary work ( 義務工作 ) to help the disadvantaged ( 弱勢社群 ). </li></ul><ul><li>We can donate money or other things to poor people. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Test Revision
  12. 12. Test Revision <ul><li>1. Education refers to any types of learning activities, including school education, ________________, and personal further education. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>family education </li></ul>
  13. 13. Test Revision <ul><li>2. Primary Six students can get places in government or aided secondary schools through the ______________________ System. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary School Places Allocation System </li></ul><ul><li>( 中學學位分配辦法 ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Test Revision <ul><li>3. There are ______ universities in Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>9 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Test Revision <ul><li>4. Students have to sit for tests and exams. The great stress may adversely affect their ___________ and physical health. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>mental ( 精神上的 ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Test Revision <ul><li>5. Some countries have set a ‘_________________’ which acts as a criterion ( 標準 ) to define poverty and identify poor population. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>poverty line ( 貧窮線 ) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Test Revision <ul><li>6. The Hong Kong government divides households into 10 income groups according to household income. The number of domestic households in each group is the same (i.e. 10% of total number of households). They are called _________ groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>decile ( 十等分 ) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Test Revision <ul><li>7. The ________________ can be used to measure the disparity ( 差距 ) between the rich and the poor in a region. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Gini coefficient ( 堅尼系數 ) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Test Revision <ul><li>8. The Gini coefficient has a value ( 數值 ) between _____ and _____. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>0, 1 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Newspaper Cutting <ul><li>Check the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Is it the case in Hong Kong? </li></ul><ul><li>2) Is it on-topic? (about the poverty problems in Hong Kong) </li></ul><ul><li>3) Is it a newspapers? Not magazine…? </li></ul><ul><li>4) Is the comments/summary relevant ( 相關 )? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Next lesson <ul><li>Take a look at Activity 6 (p.62-63) </li></ul>

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