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Lesson 5 – Problems of Social Welfare in Hong Kong 2nd December, 2010
Revision <ul><li>Social Welfare Department </li></ul><ul><li>Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>Compr...
2.2 What are the problems of social welfare in Hong Kong?
Main Problems <ul><li>1)The government has to spend more on social welfare services because: </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing popu...
The problems of new arrivals ( 新移民 ) <ul><li>Why they need help from the government? </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul...
Main Problems <ul><li>2) In order to reduce social welfare expenditure, the government outsource ( 外判 ) some social welfar...
Cutting social welfare services in Hong Kong <ul><li>港府削減社會福利資源 ,  除了即時影響廿多萬綜援人士的生活外 ,  其實在過去大半年 ,  已有十多間由政府資助的社會服務中心 ,  包...
Main Problems <ul><li>3)Weaknesses in monitoring and approving CSSA ( 綜援 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cases of abusing ( 濫用 ) CSSA ...
Cases of abusing CSSA <ul><li>2004 年底在泰國海嘯中死裡逃生的高忠強、梁惠淇夫婦,其中妻子梁惠淇返港被揭發涉嫌以假分居詐騙較高綜援金。  </li></ul><ul><li>03 年 7 月,梁婦向社署申報夫妻...
Cases of abusing CSSA <ul><li>82 歲的香港前高等法院法官李柏儉及 81 歲的妻子馮閏禪被控於 2003 年向社會福利署申請綜援時,馮閏禪故意隱瞞二人多個香港及海外戶口、股票及在加拿大的物業近 200 萬港元資產。...
Can you think of other problems of social welfare in Hong Kong?
<ul><li>Inflexibility ( 缺乏彈性 ) of CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of adjustment ( 調整 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot catch up with ...
<ul><li>Rigidity ( 僵化 ) of CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it cannot provide assistance to some people that are truly in ...
Discussion <ul><li>Besides cash assistance, can you think of other ways to help the poor people? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Possible solutions besides providing cash assistance: </li></ul><ul><li>Create job opportunities for unemployed pe...
Conclusion <ul><li>Problems of social welfare in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>The government has to spend more on social we...
Next lesson… <ul><li>8th December, 2010 (Wednesday) </li></ul><ul><li>Please bring your textbook </li></ul>
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Lesson 5 – Problems of Social Welfare in Hong Kong

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Lesson 5 – Problems of Social Welfare in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Lesson 5 – Problems of Social Welfare in Hong Kong 2nd December, 2010
  2. 2. Revision <ul><li>Social Welfare Department </li></ul><ul><li>Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) Scheme </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2.2 What are the problems of social welfare in Hong Kong?
  4. 4. Main Problems <ul><li>1)The government has to spend more on social welfare services because: </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing population </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing number of new arrivals ( 新移民 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic restructuring ( 經濟轉型 ) </li></ul><ul><li> The economy of Hong Kong is shifting from a manufacturing ( 製造業 ) to a service sector ( 服務性行業 ) economic base. </li></ul><ul><li> Affected income distribution ( 收入分配 ), employment ( 就業 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployed population ( 失業人口 )  Largely due to economic downturn </li></ul><ul><li>Poor population </li></ul>
  5. 5. The problems of new arrivals ( 新移民 ) <ul><li>Why they need help from the government? </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hM4xoGjzejg&playnext=1&list=PL7F0E179670CFAF5A&index=8 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Main Problems <ul><li>2) In order to reduce social welfare expenditure, the government outsource ( 外判 ) some social welfare services. </li></ul><ul><li>*Outsourcing: involve the contracting out of a business function to an external provider. </li></ul><ul><li>- 將政府的服務交給政府以外的機構或公司負責經營 </li></ul><ul><li> At a result, the quality of services varies. </li></ul><ul><li>It may also cut some of its services and causes inconvenience to people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cutting social welfare services in Hong Kong <ul><li>港府削減社會福利資源 , 除了即時影響廿多萬綜援人士的生活外 , 其實在過去大半年 , 已有十多間由政府資助的社會服務中心 , 包括專為單親和新來港家庭而設的服務中心先後關閉 , 改由綜合家庭服務中心取代。 </li></ul><ul><li>一些志願團體認為 : 新來港人士不能適應香港的生活 , 最後可能會發生問題和悲劇 , 令社會的負擔更沉重。 </li></ul><ul><li>5/11/2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>http://lib-nt2.hkbu.edu.hk/hkbutube/vod.asp?bibno=b1962557 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Main Problems <ul><li>3)Weaknesses in monitoring and approving CSSA ( 綜援 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cases of abusing ( 濫用 ) CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Cash assistance makes some recipients ( 受助人 ) rely on it </li></ul><ul><li> Increases the government’s financial burden ( 財政負擔 ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cases of abusing CSSA <ul><li>2004 年底在泰國海嘯中死裡逃生的高忠強、梁惠淇夫婦,其中妻子梁惠淇返港被揭發涉嫌以假分居詐騙較高綜援金。 </li></ul><ul><li>03 年 7 月,梁婦向社署申報夫妻離異已分居,獲得單親家庭綜援金並入住公屋,她與兩女兒合共領取 $9,500 綜援金,較之前一家四口領取的金額多近千元。 </li></ul><ul><li>但兩人報稱分居後,曾有多次出外旅遊紀錄,假分居事件一直沒被人察覺,直至 2004 年 12 月,兩人在泰國旅遊時遇上海嘯,夫婦靠床褥及木板在海中互相扶持七小時獲救上岸後的情深一吻,傳媒爭相追訪和廣泛報道,被社署揭發夫婦並沒分居,梁婦更涉嫌詐騙綜援。 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cases of abusing CSSA <ul><li>82 歲的香港前高等法院法官李柏儉及 81 歲的妻子馮閏禪被控於 2003 年向社會福利署申請綜援時,馮閏禪故意隱瞞二人多個香港及海外戶口、股票及在加拿大的物業近 200 萬港元資產。 </li></ul><ul><li>二人同時擁有美國會會籍,有數次以李柏儉的白金卡結帳的外遊紀錄,兩人共騙取十多萬港元綜援及華富村一個公屋單位。 </li></ul><ul><li>25/5/2007 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Can you think of other problems of social welfare in Hong Kong?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Inflexibility ( 缺乏彈性 ) of CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of adjustment ( 調整 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot catch up with the price level ( 物價 ) </li></ul>Other problems of social welfare in Hong Kong
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rigidity ( 僵化 ) of CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it cannot provide assistance to some people that are truly in need </li></ul><ul><li>Case: </li></ul><ul><li>牛池灣一個單親綜援家庭,母親上周病逝,因「家無儲糧」,可憐十九歲女兒,因無力殮葬母親,及恐無法供養十五歲胞弟,昨向社署求助,卻因她有工作,反遭終止發放綜援,雪上加霜。她坦言,新工未滿試用期,恐經濟出現問題,頓感前路茫茫。 </li></ul><ul><li>23/11/2010 </li></ul>Other problems of social welfare in Hong Kong
  14. 14. Discussion <ul><li>Besides cash assistance, can you think of other ways to help the poor people? </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Possible solutions besides providing cash assistance: </li></ul><ul><li>Create job opportunities for unemployed people </li></ul><ul><li>Provide training to people so that they can find jobs in the market </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>http://lib-nt2.hkbu.edu.hk/hkbutube/vod.asp?bibno=b1851030 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Problems of social welfare in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>The government has to spend more on social welfare services because there are more and more people in need </li></ul><ul><li>2. The government may outsource and cut some of its services, so the quality of services varies and may cause inconvenience </li></ul><ul><li>3. Weaknesses in monitoring and approving CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>4. Inflexibility of CSSA </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rigidity of CSSA </li></ul>
  17. 17. Next lesson… <ul><li>8th December, 2010 (Wednesday) </li></ul><ul><li>Please bring your textbook </li></ul>

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