Lesson 11 - Activity 2 Q.1

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  • Using cup cones to show different landforms on the teacher’s desk.
  • Using cup cones to show different landforms on the teacher’s desk.
  • Using cup cones to show different landforms on the teacher’s desk.
  • Using cup cones to show different landforms on the teacher’s desk.
  • Lesson 11 - Activity 2 Q.1

    1. 1. What is the relief of China like? Activity 2 – One country, three levels of relief Lesson 1 1
    2. 2. What is relief [ 地勢 ]? <ul><li>Relief describes the shape [ 形狀 ] and height [ 高度 ] of the land. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Do you know about these relief features [ 特徵 / 面貌 ] ? <ul><li>Mountain range [ 山脈 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Plateau (Gaoyuan) [ 高原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Basin (Pendi) [ 盆地 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Plain (Pingyuan) [ 平原 ] </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Mountain range [ 山脈 ] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A continuous line of highland reaching great heights </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Plateau (Gaoyuan) [ 高原 ] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large area of high, flat [ 平坦的 ] land </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Basin (Pendi) [ 盆地 ] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large area of flat land surrounded [ 包圍 ] by mountains or highland. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Plain (Pingyuan) [ 平原 ] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large area of flat land with low relief </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Alluvium [ 沖積物 ] Rivers carry away soil and rocks . Soils and rocks rest on the lowland . They are called alluvium.
    9. 9. Fig.1 喜馬拉雅山脈 青藏高原 雲貴高原 四川盆地 長江中、下游平原 華北平原
    10. 10. Fig. 2
    11. 12. 1(a) In which location do you think each of the photographs in Fig. 1 was taken? Correctly match these photographs with the location A to F in Fig.2. Write your answer on the answer lines below. <ul><li>Photograph Location </li></ul><ul><li>1 B </li></ul><ul><li>2 A </li></ul><ul><li>3 D </li></ul><ul><li>4 C </li></ul><ul><li>5 F </li></ul><ul><li>6 E </li></ul><ul><li>The Himalayas [ 喜瑪 拉 亞山脈 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Qingzang Gaoyuan [ 青藏高原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Yungui Gaoyuan [ 雲貴高原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Sichuan Pendi [ 四川盆地 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Changjiang Zhongxiayou Pingyuan [ 長江中、下游平原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Huabei Pingyuan [ 華北平原 ] </li></ul>
    12. 13. (b) What are the relief characteristics of these locations? Draw lines to join to their respective characteristics.
    13. 14. Answers <ul><li>The Himalayas [ 喜瑪 拉 亞山脈 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Qingzang Gaoyuan [ 青藏高原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Yungui Gaoyuan [ 雲貴高原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Sichuan Pendi [ 四川盆地 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Changjiang Zhongxiayou Pingyuan [ 長江中、下游平原 ] </li></ul><ul><li>Huabei Pingyuan [ 華北平原 ] </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Photograph 1: B </li></ul><ul><li>The Himalayas ( 喜馬拉雅山脈 ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is the world’s largest mountain range ( 山脈 ), and has the highest peak in the world, the Qomolangma Feng ( 珠穆朗瑪峰 ). </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>Photograph 2: A </li></ul><ul><li>Qingzang Gaoyuan ( 青藏高原 ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is the largest plateau ( 高原 ) in China, which rises to over 4500m in height. </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>Photograph 3: D </li></ul><ul><li>Yungui Gaoyuan ( 雲貴高原 ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is a lower plateau ( 高原 ) (about 1000m to 2000m high) found to the east of the western plateaus and mountain ranges. </li></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Photograph 4: C </li></ul><ul><li>Sichuan Pendi ( 四川盆地 ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is a large basin ( 盆地 ) located in the southwest of China, which is famous for its agriculture ( 農業 ). </li></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>Photograph 5: F </li></ul><ul><li>Changjiang Zhongxiayou Pingyuan ( 長江中、下游平原 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Photograph 6: E </li></ul><ul><li>Huabei Pingyuan ( 華北平原 ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is a large and flat lowland ( 低地 ) (lower than 1000 m) formed by a large amount of alluvium ( 沖積物 ) brought by the river. </li></ul>
    19. 20. Key words and knowledge <ul><li>Relief ( 地勢 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Some relief features of China: </li></ul><ul><li>- mountain range </li></ul><ul><li>- plateau (Gaoyuan) </li></ul><ul><li>- basin (Pendi) </li></ul><ul><li>- plain (Pingyuan) </li></ul>
    20. 21. Next lesson <ul><li>Activity 2 – Q.2,3 </li></ul>

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