What you should learn? (p.62) International intergovernmental organisations can enhance communication between countries Due to the advancement (進步) of transportation, population mobility (人口流 動性) has increased. As a result, all sorts of infectious diseases (傳染病) such as SARS (非典型肺炎) and bird flu (禽流感) can spread rapidly. Under the threat of infectious diseases, all countries should cooperate rather than act on their own. Infectious diseases usually break out in poor nations and spread to other parts of the world. In promoting cooperation between countries to control the spread of infectious diseases, international intergovernmental organisations such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the World Bank play a vital (重要的) role.
Moreover, due to political globalization, disputes (糾紛) and conflicts (衝突) between countries are inevitable (不可避免的). If these disputes and conflicts cannot be resolved (解決), countries might resorts (訴諸) to the use of force (武力). America’s military operations (軍事行動) in Iraq (伊拉克) are a good example. Therefore, with political globalization underway, it is important that countries communicate (溝通) and negotiate (商討) via international intergovernmental organisations.
Summary (p.62-63)1. As a result of closer relationships between countries, a country’s political activities not only affect the country itself, but also other regions. In other words, local politics are also influenced by the global political climate (全球政治氣候). Politics have therefore become globalized.
2. The number of international intergovernmental organisations has greatly increased in the last century. They have also become more influential (有影響力). Such a change was due to the fact that countries around the world hope that, through participation in these organisations, they could take part in or even influence worldwide political policy-making (制定政策).
5. In promoting international cooperation, such as the prevention of infectious diseases, international intergovernmental organisations play a proactive role. Likewise, any conflicts between countries can also be resolved (解決) via (透過) communication channels (溝通的渠道) provided by international intergovernmental organisations.