The gobi desert

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The gobi desert

  1. 1. WHICH ONE IS THE GOBI DESERT?!
  2. 2. THE GOBI DESERT The Gobi desert, one of the world's great deserts, covers much of the southern part of Mongolia. Unlike  The Sahara there are few sand dunes in the Gobi; rather you'll find large barren expenses of gravel plains and rocky outcrops. The climate here is extreme. Temperatures reach +40° C. in summer, and -40 in winter. Precipitation averages less than 100 mm per year, while some areas only get rain once every two or three years. Strong winds up to 140 km/h make travel dangerous in spring and fall. Great Gobi National Park is one of the largest World Biospheres, with an area larger than Switzerland. It contains the last remaining wild Bactrian (two-humped) camels, wild ass, and a small population of Gobi bears, the only desertinhabiting bear. 
  3. 3. CLIMATE AND SIZE   Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters. Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.
  4. 4. PLANTS AND ANIMALS   Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.
  5. 5. ADAPTATIONS   Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.
  6. 6. GOBI DESERT
  7. 7. PEOPLE OF GOBI DESERT Found in the Gobi are Mongolians and Han Chinese, most of whom are nomadic herders. Their traditional home is a tent like structure called the ger or yurt. These circular dwellings are built to be dismantled with latticed wooden frames held together with ropes and a felt covering made from wool. Milk is a major part of the native diet due to water being such a scare resource. Taken from goats, sheep, yaks, camels and horses, milk is consumed in all its forms; hot, cold, dried, curdled, and churned. It can be processed into cheeses, creams, and yogurt, or fermented into alcoholic beverages. Another popular dish is bortzig, a fried unleavened bread. The people of the Gobi desert are known for their hospitality, a traditional Mongolian proverb says “Happy is the one who has guests, merry is the home boasting a tethering rail full of visitor’s horses”.
  8. 8. PHYSICAL ENVIROMENT OF THE GOBI    Physical Environment of the Gobi The terrain of the Gobi desert is as harsh as the climate. The severe winds have removed almost all of the soil and deposited it in North central China leaving behind barren expenses, wind sculpted cliffs, and gravel plains of boulders, rocks, pebbles and dirt. Other areas of the desert include mountains, salt flats and sand dunes. NASA scientists “found evidence suggesting that conditions there may be similar to those in certain regions of Mars.” While there aren’t many sand dunes in the Gobi, the few there are incredible. The Badain Jaran region has some of the deserts largest, with dunes exceeding 1,300 feet in height. The Uush dunes, lying in the northern part of Buyant Bag, are known by the locals for their healing sands, and the Khongoryn Els dunes in Sevrei sum, are called Duut Mankhan or “singing dunes,” because on windy days they make a sound like a plane engine.
  9. 9.  Gobi Desert Facts: -Gobi means "Waterless Place" - It is approximately 500,000 square miles - Only 5% is sand dunes - Contains 5 disctinct ecoregions - Currently expanding due to desertification - Lies in a rain shadow caused by the Himalayas - Fifth largest desert in the world - It is a cold desert - Populated mostly Mongols and Han Chinese - Located on a Plateau around 3,000 to 5,000 feet above sea level 
  10. 10. PLANTS  Although it may seem like a barren, rocky wasteland, the Gobi Desert harbors some sparse plant life. The extremely low level of annual rainfall still provides enough moisture for a few desert plants to survive the otherwise harsh environment. The saxaul tree is perhaps the most important plant in the Gobi. This remarkable tree is one of the only sources of water available in the midst of rock and sand. Water reserves collect behind the tree's bark, allowing both humans and animals to harvest the moisture. The bark may even be squeezed, yielding more precious water. However, the saxaul is not the only plant that survives in the world's fifth largest desert. While the saxaul tree provides much needed water to Gobi's animal life, wild onions offer that same fauna a food source. These wild onions even offer a supply source to humans traveling over the Gobi Desert. Many people have described these onions as having a distinct hazelnut type of flavor.
  11. 11. GOBI DESERT PLANT LIFE! Though it may seem that Gobi desert is a barren wasteland, there are some Gobi desert vegetation which can survive. Some of the common plant life include Saxaul trees, Tamarisk, Halophytes and Nitre bush. One of the most commonly found tree in the Gobi desert is the Saxaul tree and is the most important tree for survival of humans and animals as they are a good source of water. Since water is scarce, this tree stores water under its barks which is harvested by the people living in the Gobi desert. Tamarisk, also called Salt cedars, is a variety of shrub that grows in the Gobi desert. Compared to other shrubs found in the Gobi desert, this shrub is larger and can grow to a height of about 8 to 16 feet while they are smaller than trees found in the region. These plants have small scaly leaves and produce off-white or pink flowers. They mostly grow on flat surfaces where moisture content IF YOUR WONDERING WHAT A SAXAUL TREE IS IT’S A TREE THAT CAN SURVIVE WITH VERY LITTLE WATER!
  12. 12. SOME PICS OF ANIMALS FROM GOBI!
  13. 13. MORE PICTURE’S
  14. 14. BY ABDUL,ANTONIO!
  15. 15. FOR MORE INFORMATION YOU MAY CALL ANTONIO OR ABDUL ON 0877713901 TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY

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