Geography
Location <ul><li>Rome is next to the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>It is in the center of the Italian Peninsula. </...
Punic Wars <ul><li>The first Punic war started in 264 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Carthage had a strong navy and had well bui...
Trade Routes <ul><li>Trade was over sea and on roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans linked their empire together with a vast ne...
Growth of Cities <ul><li>Before expansion, Rome's Cities was just a small collection of tiny villages. </li></ul><ul><li>V...
Religion
Judaism <ul><li>Jews only believe in one god. </li></ul><ul><li>They believe in burial not cremation. </li></ul><ul><li>Je...
Christianity <ul><li>Christians put their dead in a catacomb. </li></ul><ul><li>They only have one god. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Roman Beliefs <ul><li>They have many gods such as Venus, Jupiter, Saturn,Mars, and Athena. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans sculpt...
Etruscan Mysticism <ul><li>The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>They read the int...
Achievements
System Of Laws <ul><li>Laws were written down on 12 tablets. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws were combined with laws and customs. <...
Military Organization <ul><li>Since Rome didn’t have enough protection during expansion, barbarian attacks were common. </...
Republican Form of government   <ul><li>In 509 B.C Ancient Rome’s government became a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocr...
Development of aqueducts   <ul><li>Without aqueducts roman people wouldn’t have water to drink. </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscan...
Politics
Republic <ul><li>Cities of Rome were able to choose their emperors. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome ran smoother as a republic. </l...
Emperors <ul><li>Ancient Rome had many emperors such as Nero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, and Trajan. </li></ul><ul>...
Government <ul><li>Checks and Balances was one of the basic principals in the Roman Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Magistra...
12 tables <ul><li>The 12 tables consists of  Trials, Courts and trials, Debt, Family Rights, Legal guardians and inherita...
Economy
Jobs <ul><li>Farming was the biggest job. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers were asked to join the navy or army and lost their far...
Stable Currency <ul><li>Under Augustus’s rule, a stable currency was created out of coins. </li></ul><ul><li>This made tra...
Excessive Military  Spending <ul><li>Government had no money for vital activities like providing public housing and mainta...
Inflation <ul><li>Gold was being used by Romans to pay for luxury items. </li></ul><ul><li>Less gold was used in each coin...
Social Structures
Nobles <ul><li>Noble's houses were very fancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy children were tutored by their father. </li></ul>...
Slaves <ul><li>Slaves were forced to work from dawn to dusk. </li></ul><ul><li>They had to do everything their master (nob...
Poor <ul><li>Children wanted to go to school but couldn’t and had to stay home and help the family. </li></ul><ul><li>Hous...
Plebeians and Patricians  <ul><li>There were more Plebeians then Patricians. </li></ul><ul><li>The government and society ...
Conclusion <ul><li>I believe that the development of aquaducts was the most important idea in Ancient Rome. </li></ul><ul>...
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315

  1. 1. Geography
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>Rome is next to the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>It is in the center of the Italian Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Rome was founded on the banks of the Tiber River. </li></ul><ul><li>It is next to the Alps Mountain range. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Punic Wars <ul><li>The first Punic war started in 264 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Carthage had a strong navy and had well built tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants were used in war for strength and to scare off enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Soldiers burned Carthage for 17 days. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Trade Routes <ul><li>Trade was over sea and on roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans linked their empire together with a vast network of cement roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Ships from Egypt to Italy carried wine, olive oil, and pottery. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Growth of Cities <ul><li>Before expansion, Rome's Cities was just a small collection of tiny villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Villages grew over time into cities. </li></ul><ul><li>By 600 B.C there was 8,000 people living in Ancient Rome’s large cities. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion
  7. 7. Judaism <ul><li>Jews only believe in one god. </li></ul><ul><li>They believe in burial not cremation. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews are arthritics (they don’t believe in killing). </li></ul><ul><li>They pray in synagogues. </li></ul><ul><li>Hadrian wanted to build a temple to the Roman God Jupiter in the same location of the old Temple of Solomon, a sacred Jewish site. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Christianity <ul><li>Christians put their dead in a catacomb. </li></ul><ul><li>They only have one god. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians believe in ten commandments. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians sing and play religious music. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero burned and persecuted Christians, non-Jews. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Roman Beliefs <ul><li>They have many gods such as Venus, Jupiter, Saturn,Mars, and Athena. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans sculpt friezes that glorify the empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans cremate family members and put them into an urn or columbarium. </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Romans believed their emperor was a god. </li></ul><ul><li>They believed in killing/sacrificing animals and letting babies die. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Etruscan Mysticism <ul><li>The Etruscans believed that gods gave them signs in nature. </li></ul><ul><li>They read the intensions of animals before conducting burials. </li></ul><ul><li>By studying the flock of birds, they could predict a good harvest. </li></ul><ul><li>They interpreted stars before battling. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Achievements
  12. 12. System Of Laws <ul><li>Laws were written down on 12 tablets. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws were combined with laws and customs. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws applied to all people. </li></ul><ul><li>Until a person was proven guilty they were considered innocent. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Military Organization <ul><li>Since Rome didn’t have enough protection during expansion, barbarian attacks were common. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the government, all land owners had to serve in the government. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Army was divided up into groups of 6,000 men called a legion. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Republican Form of government <ul><li>In 509 B.C Ancient Rome’s government became a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy was the type of government. </li></ul><ul><li>In 275 B.C there were no classes of people in the government. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Development of aqueducts <ul><li>Without aqueducts roman people wouldn’t have water to drink. </li></ul><ul><li>Etruscans were the first to develop an aqueduct. </li></ul><ul><li>Aqueducts brought water from springs and lakes. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Politics
  17. 17. Republic <ul><li>Cities of Rome were able to choose their emperors. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome ran smoother as a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the emperors was Julius Caesar. </li></ul><ul><li>The government was a tripartite government. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Emperors <ul><li>Ancient Rome had many emperors such as Nero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, and Trajan. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero burned Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Nero burned Rome and blamed it on the Christians. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Government <ul><li>Checks and Balances was one of the basic principals in the Roman Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Magistrates , Senate, and Assembly reflected three types of rule; monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Two assemblies made up one third of the government; the centurial and the tribal assembly. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 12 tables <ul><li>The 12 tables consists of  Trials, Courts and trials, Debt, Family Rights, Legal guardians and inheritance, Gaining and possessing land, Land rights, Unlawful rights, Laws on government, Laws on religion, and then two Additional laws. </li></ul><ul><li>These laws were for everyone to follow. </li></ul><ul><li>These laws were formed in 450 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>If after trial the person is found guilty then that person would be put to death. </li></ul><ul><li>Any one could be took to court. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Economy
  22. 22. Jobs <ul><li>Farming was the biggest job. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers were asked to join the navy or army and lost their farmland to slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers protect Rome by sea and land. </li></ul><ul><li>There were other jobs like housewives, teaching, or being part of the Senate. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Stable Currency <ul><li>Under Augustus’s rule, a stable currency was created out of coins. </li></ul><ul><li>This made trade and commerce easier. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman coins had pictures of the empire or monumental buildings. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Excessive Military Spending <ul><li>Government had no money for vital activities like providing public housing and maintaining roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Hired soldiers recruited from the unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Government was forced to raise taxes which hurt the economy. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Inflation <ul><li>Gold was being used by Romans to pay for luxury items. </li></ul><ul><li>Less gold was used in each coin making the coins less valuable. </li></ul><ul><li>People stopped using coins and began to barter. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Social Structures
  27. 27. Nobles <ul><li>Noble's houses were very fancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy children were tutored by their father. </li></ul><ul><li>Women trained slaves to clean and work. </li></ul><ul><li>Families hosted parties with people sitting on couches eating until sick. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Slaves <ul><li>Slaves were forced to work from dawn to dusk. </li></ul><ul><li>They had to do everything their master (noble person) told them to. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyday they had to clean and cook for the family. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Poor <ul><li>Children wanted to go to school but couldn’t and had to stay home and help the family. </li></ul><ul><li>Housing was bad and cramped. </li></ul><ul><li>The house was made of a bad type of wood so fire was typical. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Plebeians and Patricians <ul><li>There were more Plebeians then Patricians. </li></ul><ul><li>The government and society favored the Patricians. </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage between the too was prohibited. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>I believe that the development of aquaducts was the most important idea in Ancient Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaducts brought water to the people from lakes and streams for drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaducts brought water to the farmers for growing food. </li></ul><ul><li>Water from these aquaducts allowed for the growth of the Roman cities. </li></ul>

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