To Kill A Mockingbird<br />Revision of<br />
The American Civil War<br />Between 1861 and 1865<br />Slavery was legal in the southern states of the US<br />Forced to r...
The Depression of the 1930’s<br />Wall Street stock market crash of 1929<br />Poverty on an international scale affected t...
Civil Rights Issue<br />Blacks were still treated as 2nd class citizens<br />Beginning of black consciousness in late 1950...
Brief Summary<br />Set in Maycomb, Alabama (southern US), 1930s<br />Narrated by Jean Louise Finch , aka ‘Scout’<br />Scou...
Brief Summary<br />Jem rolls Scout in a tyre into Boo Radley’s front garden<br />Presents are left for them by Boo Radley<...
Brief Summary<br />Self-contained scenes: scene in school, fire, first encounter with snow, family Christmas at their aunt...
Brief Summary<br />Image of Atticus: intelligent, wise, moral<br />Atticus has to defend a negro, Tom Robinson, who has be...
Brief Summary<br />A group of men come to see Atticus at his house and he decides to spend the night outside the jail wher...
Brief Summary<br />Jem is unable to come to terms with what has happened.<br />Miss Maudie Atkinson, their neighbour, cons...
Brief Summary<br />On their way home after Scout’s Halloween pageant, Scout and Jem are attacked by Bob Ewell<br />Jem’s a...
Brief Summary<br />Atticus is convinced that Jem killed Bob Ewell<br />Sheriff convinces him that it was Boo Radley<br />H...
Themes<br />Education<br />Growing up<br />Courage<br />Law & Justice<br />Prejudice<br />Mockingbird motif<br />
Education<br />2 forms of education: through school & through observation of life<br />Scout finds that school education i...
Growing up<br />Concept of maturity<br />Jem, being older, matures much faster than Scout in both behaviour & understandin...
Courage<br />Jem: childish courage of accepting a dare, real courage of staying with his father to face the mob, physical ...
Law & Justice<br />Atticus & Judge Taylor believe in the law, but are unable to make sure that justice is done<br />Law is...
Prejudice<br />Racialism is so entrenched in the society that no one seems to notice how prejudiced they are<br />Aunt Ale...
Mockingbird Motif<br />Idea that it is wrong to attack innocents for no reason<br />Boo Radley and Tom Robinson as human v...
Characters<br />Atticus<br />Scout<br />Jem<br />Calpurnia<br />Miss Maudie Atkinson<br />Heck Tate<br />Tom Robinson<br /...
Atticus<br />Courageous, honest, moral man who tries to bring up his children well<br />He tries to show them by example h...
Atticus<br />Insists on good manners & correct behaviour<br />Brave both morally & physically<br />Respected by all<br />T...
Scout<br />Tomboy who enjoys rough games & fighting<br />Matures & develops as the story unfolds<br />Open & friendly<br /...
Jem<br />Initially lacks consideration for Boo Radley<br />Believes in many childish superstitions which he dispenses with...
Jem<br />Comes to resemble his father<br />Generous & compassionate<br />Perseverance<br />Fighter and wants to improve th...
Calpurnia<br />Mother figure to the children: looks after them, scolds them when necessary, teaches them correct behaviour...
Miss Maudie<br />Voice of reason<br />Supports Atticus in all he does<br />RecognisesJem’s new status as a thinking adult<...
Heck Tate<br />Voice of the law without prejudice<br />Genuine & honest<br />Dispenses justice where the law has failed to...
Tom Robinson<br />Victim of prejudice<br />Pity for and generosity towards Mayella are not liked by the white people in th...
Bob Ewell<br />Cocky and arrogant<br />Enjoys his moment in the spotlight<br />Cowardly, attacking Helen Robinson & childr...
Stephanie Crawford<br />Hypocrite<br />Goes around ‘doing good’ but has a vicious tongue & is uncharitable<br />Responsibl...
Aunt Alexandra<br />Strength & dignity that carries her through most crises<br />First appears as cold and harsh<br />Real...
Useful quotes<br />Ms Maudie: Your father’s right. Mockingbirds just make music. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t...
Useful quotes<br />Atticus: And I hope you can get through what’s coming without catching Maycomb’s usual disease. Why rea...
Useful quotes<br />Atticus: So a quiet, respectable Negro man who had the unmitigated temerity to feel sorry for a white w...
Useful quotes<br />Atticus: I’m no idealist to believe so firmly in the integrity of our courts and in the jury system – t...
Sample Questions<br />Refer to email.<br />Approach me for answers to sample questions.<br />
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Revision of TKMB

  1. 1. To Kill A Mockingbird<br />Revision of<br />
  2. 2. The American Civil War<br />Between 1861 and 1865<br />Slavery was legal in the southern states of the US<br />Forced to recognise the legal equality of black and white people<br />Attitudes did not change<br />
  3. 3. The Depression of the 1930’s<br />Wall Street stock market crash of 1929<br />Poverty on an international scale affected the southern states<br />No real improvement until WW2<br />
  4. 4. Civil Rights Issue<br />Blacks were still treated as 2nd class citizens<br />Beginning of black consciousness in late 1950s<br />Reverend Martin Luther King Jr and the Civil Rights movement<br />
  5. 5. Brief Summary<br />Set in Maycomb, Alabama (southern US), 1930s<br />Narrated by Jean Louise Finch , aka ‘Scout’<br />Scout, Jem & Dill want to see Arthur Radley (‘Boo’)<br />Scout & Jem’s father, Atticus is a lawyer<br />Calpurnia, their Negro cook<br />Members of the community<br />
  6. 6. Brief Summary<br />Jem rolls Scout in a tyre into Boo Radley’s front garden<br />Presents are left for them by Boo Radley<br />Jem’s pants which were stripped off in his escape from the house were repaired and left for Jem<br />The children build a relationship with the recluse which dawns on Jem as time goes on<br />
  7. 7. Brief Summary<br />Self-contained scenes: scene in school, fire, first encounter with snow, family Christmas at their aunt’s house, shooting of a rabid dog, Jem’s punishment<br />The children learn important lessons about life<br />
  8. 8. Brief Summary<br />Image of Atticus: intelligent, wise, moral<br />Atticus has to defend a negro, Tom Robinson, who has been accused of raping a white girl, MayellaEwell<br />Atticus’ decision polarises the community<br />
  9. 9. Brief Summary<br />A group of men come to see Atticus at his house and he decides to spend the night outside the jail where Tom is held<br />The children follow him and get caught in the middle of a lynch mob<br />The children attend the trial and see the evidence that Tom Robinson is innocent but is still found guilty.<br />
  10. 10. Brief Summary<br />Jem is unable to come to terms with what has happened.<br />Miss Maudie Atkinson, their neighbour, consoles Jem<br />Bob Ewell, father of Mayella, decides to have revenge on Atticus<br />Tom is shot and killed while trying to escape from the jail<br />
  11. 11. Brief Summary<br />On their way home after Scout’s Halloween pageant, Scout and Jem are attacked by Bob Ewell<br />Jem’s arm is broken<br />They are saved by Boo Radley<br />Bob Ewell is killed in the scuffle<br />
  12. 12. Brief Summary<br />Atticus is convinced that Jem killed Bob Ewell<br />Sheriff convinces him that it was Boo Radley<br />He spreads news that Bob Ewell fell on his own knife<br />Scout and Jem are maturing and learning about the world<br />
  13. 13. Themes<br />Education<br />Growing up<br />Courage<br />Law & Justice<br />Prejudice<br />Mockingbird motif<br />
  14. 14. Education<br />2 forms of education: through school & through observation of life<br />Scout finds that school education is limited, boring & useless<br />She can already read & write, and this is seen as a handicap<br />Scout learns valuable lessons outside of school: behaviour from Calpurnia, tolerance from Atticus, calmness & dignity from Aunt Alexandra<br />
  15. 15. Growing up<br />Concept of maturity<br />Jem, being older, matures much faster than Scout in both behaviour & understanding<br />Atticus teaches them tolerance, understanding, and seeing things from the viewpoint of other people<br />Jemsympathises with Mrs Dubose and Boo Radley<br />Scout feels sympathy for Mayella<br />Both Scout and Jem begin to use their powers of reason far more than their emotions<br />
  16. 16. Courage<br />Jem: childish courage of accepting a dare, real courage of staying with his father to face the mob, physical courage of defending his sister against attack<br />Atticus: moral courage in taking on the unpopular case, physical courage in facing the mad dog and mob in the jail<br />Scout: moral courage to turn away from fights in response to Atticus’ request<br />Bob Ewell’s lack of courage<br />
  17. 17. Law & Justice<br />Atticus & Judge Taylor believe in the law, but are unable to make sure that justice is done<br />Law is only as good as the jury<br />Heck Tate, the sheriff, has to uphold the law, makes a ruling based on commonsense, natural justice & decency<br />Emphasis through the eyes of a young child whose view is clear & unbiased<br />
  18. 18. Prejudice<br />Racialism is so entrenched in the society that no one seems to notice how prejudiced they are<br />Aunt Alexandra is prejudiced against people because of their families<br />Boo Radley as victim of prejudice due to his lack of conformity<br />Atticus is the embodiment of tolerance, ignores race or family<br />
  19. 19. Mockingbird Motif<br />Idea that it is wrong to attack innocents for no reason<br />Boo Radley and Tom Robinson as human versions of the mockingbird<br />Innocence of childhood and justice itself are destroyed by what happens in court<br />
  20. 20. Characters<br />Atticus<br />Scout<br />Jem<br />Calpurnia<br />Miss Maudie Atkinson<br />Heck Tate<br />Tom Robinson<br />Boo Radley<br />Bob Ewell<br />MayellaEwell<br />Miss Stephanie Crawford<br />Aunt Alexandra<br />
  21. 21. Atticus<br />Courageous, honest, moral man who tries to bring up his children well<br />He tries to show them by example how to live their life, not by just telling them what to do<br />He hides nothing, is always courteous, listens with respect, truthful, good humoured, calm<br />Embodies Christian virtues: faith in the law, hopes in his fellow man, charitable to all<br />
  22. 22. Atticus<br />Insists on good manners & correct behaviour<br />Brave both morally & physically<br />Respected by all<br />Tolerant to a fault, tries to instill this in his children<br />Able to see the other person’s point of view<br />
  23. 23. Scout<br />Tomboy who enjoys rough games & fighting<br />Matures & develops as the story unfolds<br />Open & friendly<br />Depends more on an emotional response to problems<br />Sensitive to other people’s feelings<br />
  24. 24. Jem<br />Initially lacks consideration for Boo Radley<br />Believes in many childish superstitions which he dispenses with later<br />Grows a little patronising towards his sister<br />Reads a lot, thinks & argues a lot, takes things to heart<br />More self-centred than Scout<br />More sensitive to the feelings of others & less easy to provoke<br />
  25. 25. Jem<br />Comes to resemble his father<br />Generous & compassionate<br />Perseverance<br />Fighter and wants to improve the system rather than ignore it<br />
  26. 26. Calpurnia<br />Mother figure to the children: looks after them, scolds them when necessary, teaches them correct behaviour, shows them the Christian way of life, supports Atticus<br />Aware of the differences between black & white societies<br />Highly respected for her character & judgment by Atticus<br />
  27. 27. Miss Maudie<br />Voice of reason<br />Supports Atticus in all he does<br />RecognisesJem’s new status as a thinking adult<br />Optimist<br />Loyal to her friends<br />
  28. 28. Heck Tate<br />Voice of the law without prejudice<br />Genuine & honest<br />Dispenses justice where the law has failed to do so<br />
  29. 29. Tom Robinson<br />Victim of prejudice<br />Pity for and generosity towards Mayella are not liked by the white people in the court<br />Intelligent & tactful enough not to repeat the error<br />
  30. 30. Bob Ewell<br />Cocky and arrogant<br />Enjoys his moment in the spotlight<br />Cowardly, attacking Helen Robinson & children<br />Racially prejudiced<br />Slight suggestion that he may have sexually abused his daughter<br />
  31. 31. Stephanie Crawford<br />Hypocrite<br />Goes around ‘doing good’ but has a vicious tongue & is uncharitable<br />Responsible for the children’s early lurid view of Boo Radley<br />
  32. 32. Aunt Alexandra<br />Strength & dignity that carries her through most crises<br />First appears as cold and harsh<br />Real love for Atticus becomes clear<br />Shows concern for Jem and Scout<br />
  33. 33. Useful quotes<br />Ms Maudie: Your father’s right. Mockingbirds just make music. They don’t eat up people’s gardens, don’t nest in corncribs; they don’t do one thing but sing their hearts out. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.(page 3)<br />Atticus: There’s something I’d like to ask. If you’ll do it, you’ll get along a lot better with all kinds. You see, you never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view.(page 15)<br />
  34. 34. Useful quotes<br />Atticus: And I hope you can get through what’s coming without catching Maycomb’s usual disease. Why reasonable people go start raving mad when anything involving a Negro comes up is something I don’t pretend to understand.(page 20)<br />Ms Maudie: If your father’s anything, he’s civilised. Marksmanship like that’s a gift of God. I think maybe he put his gun down when he realised God had given him an unfair advantage.(page 29)<br />
  35. 35. Useful quotes<br />Atticus: So a quiet, respectable Negro man who had the unmitigated temerity to feel sorry for a white woman is on trial for his life. He’s had to put his word against his two white accusers. I need not remind you of their conduct here in court – their cynical confidence that you gentlemen would go along with them on the assumption – the evil assumption – that all Negros lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral, an assumption one associates with minds of their calibre. However, you know the truth – and the truth is, some Negroes lie, and some Negro men are not to be trusted around women – black or white. And so with some white men. This is a truth that applies to the entire human race, and to no particular race.(page 78)<br />
  36. 36. Useful quotes<br />Atticus: I’m no idealist to believe so firmly in the integrity of our courts and in the jury system – that’s no ideal to me, it is a living, working reality. But a court is only as sound as its jury, and a jury is only as sound as the men who make it up.(page 79)<br />
  37. 37. Sample Questions<br />Refer to email.<br />Approach me for answers to sample questions.<br />

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