Gender Discrimination Presentation


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Gender Discrimination Presentation

  1. 1. Effect of Teaching gender bias on 10th grade female students attitudes and interest in science careers Nasiha Ocasio, Secondary Science Education, Queens College SEYS 778, Spring 2009
  2. 2. Background
  3. 25. Location of Study <ul><li>Two10th grade Living Environment classes were selected in a public high school in Brooklyn, NY for the study. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic makeup of the school is 28% african american/carribean, 70% latino and 2% other. </li></ul>
  4. 26. The Subjects <ul><li>Group 1: 5 females, 7 males </li></ul><ul><li>12 students total </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2: 6 females, 6 males </li></ul><ul><li>12 students total </li></ul><ul><li>Group1:non-treatment Group2:treatment </li></ul>
  5. 27. The Measure <ul><li>Background Survey (demographic info such as ethnicity, gender, age, grade, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Gender Discrimination Scale (1 to 5 Likert-type scale. Higher average score indicates positive gender attitudes) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Society no longer treats women as inferior to men. </li></ul><ul><li>Any discrimination toward women that still exists today will be gone within 5-10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Although women were frequently denied jobs 50 years ago, it rarely happens today. </li></ul>
  6. 28. The Treatment <ul><li>Students in Group 2 participated in three information sessions that presented “expert evidence” that there is no difference in innate science and math ability between boys and girls. </li></ul><ul><li>Students in group 1 received no information sessions. </li></ul>
  7. 29. Exerpts from Information Sessions
  8. 30. Exerpts cont’d. Men are better at seeing objects in three dimensions. Women are better at remembering details. Nine squares on each side, red, yellow, blue
  9. 31. Exerpts cont’d.
  10. 32. Analysis of Data
  11. 33. Science Attitudes Pre-Treatment Mean females: 3.31 Males: 3.18 Mean females: 2.91 Males: 3.04 Group 1 Group 2
  12. 34. Science Attitudes Post-Treatment Mean females: 3.52 Males: 3.40 Mean females: 3.24 Males: 3.02 Group 1 Group 2
  13. 35. ANOVA P > 0.05 difference between groups pre and post-treatment P < 0.05
  14. 36. ANOVA Difference between genders pre and post treatment P values (p>0.05)
  15. 37. Results <ul><li>As expected, there was no significant difference in the results between groups 1 and 2 pre-treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis showed significant increase in attitudes and interest in science post-treatment in Group 2, but not Group 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Interestingly, there is no significant difference between the effect of the treatment on either males or females. </li></ul>
  16. 38. Conclusions and Further Study <ul><li>Results of the current study indicate a positive effect of education on both male and female perceptions of women in science careers. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations: both groups were small in size. Not a random sample. Students were mixed age. Short length of study does not permit observation of females later on in life, or if these information sessions will increase their probability of pursuing science as a career. </li></ul>