Chapter 8 theo


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Chapter 8 theo

  1. 1. Madeline Schmidt<br />3-15-2010<br />Chapter 8 Outline<br /><ul><li>The High Middle Ages: High times, low times
  2. 2. A new world in the making: cities and powerful kings
  3. 3. Urban culture on the rise
  4. 4. The monastic spur to urban growth
  5. 5. Cistercians- founded in 1098 as a reformed offshoot of the Benedictines developed new agricultural techniques- ways of draining swamps and the use of crop rotation
  6. 6. The growth o f trade and crafts
  7. 7. Guilds- regulated the training of those who were learning a trade and at the same time got a fair price for the guild members work
  8. 8. Kings and Nations on the rise
  9. 9. Church institutions flourish
  10. 10. A reforming papacy and clergy
  11. 11. The battle over lay investiture
  12. 12. Gregory VII – (hide brand) became pope in 1073 wanted to free the church from secular control
  13. 13. Lay investiture- the practice by which a high-ranking lay person could appoint bishops or abbots “investing” them with power and requiring their loyalty
  14. 14. Henry IV – German emperor who objected to the popes ruling
  15. 15. Concordat of Worms- whereby the emperor agreed that rulers would no longer have the right to appoint bishops; all bishops would be elevated and consecrated by church authority
  16. 16. A strong papacy
  17. 17. Innocent III- most powerful medieval pope
  18. 18. Papal elections
  19. 19. College of cardinals- a group o f bishops from the area around Rome would meet to elect the pope by a 2/3 vote
  20. 20. Reform for priests
  21. 21. Celibacy- not marrying
  22. 22. Sacraments- baptism confirmation the Eucharist reconciliation anointing of the sick marriage and holy orders
  23. 23. Beauty and inspiration in the cathedrals
  24. 24. Cathedrals- provided focal points for peoples lives and work
  25. 25. Romanesque- named after the roman style
  26. 26. Gothic
  27. 27. Flying buttresses
  28. 28. Choir- the front enclosure that was reserved for the priests and monks who sang and recited the divine office
  29. 29. Divine office- the series of psalms and prayers organized for use during each liturgical season
  30. 30. Nave- the main room was used for the common peoples mass and in a section of the nave was the font for baptisms
  31. 31. Universities born from cathedrals
  32. 32. From the cathedral schools
  33. 33. University- teachers and students began to group together to study some of the classical subjects
  34. 34. University life medieval style
  35. 35. Help from Muslim scholars
  36. 36. A church divided zeal misguided
  37. 37. The split between east and west
  38. 38. A buildup of differences
  39. 39. The final break
  40. 40. Michael Cerularius- the patriarch of Constantinople