Birmingham Cbd Pres

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  • I'm pretty sure pictures four, five and six were taken in 1999-2000, the final months of the old Bull Ring Centre's existence.
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Birmingham Cbd Pres

  1. 1. Birmingham grabs the bull by the horns
  2. 2. Britain’s second city has a long history as a leading centre for trade and business. The site of the Bullring is in the heart of Birmingham’s CBD. 1166: The Bullring site began life as the city’s market place. 1960’s: The market site became one of the country’s most famous examples of urban planning with the dramatic development of the old Bullring into one of the world’s largest enclosed shopping centres outside the US. The history of Birmingham’s CBD
  3. 3. <ul><li>1980’s: </li></ul><ul><li>Despite its history, Birmingham CBD had little to offer and was in serious decline. Many shoppers and </li></ul><ul><li>businesses had left the CBD to go to new retail and </li></ul><ul><li>business parks built on the urban-rural fringe of the </li></ul><ul><li>city. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bullring shopping centre reflected this decline. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1980s it: </li></ul><ul><li>looked outdated </li></ul><ul><li>had mainly cheap discount shops </li></ul><ul><li>had a poor reputation for crime </li></ul><ul><li>couldn’t compete with the modern, spacious and </li></ul><ul><li>easily accessible out-of-town retail centres </li></ul>
  4. 4. The old Bullring Centre and the Rotunda 1980s
  5. 5. 1980s The old fruit and veg market
  6. 6. The Old fruit and Veg Market and the Pavillion Shopping Centre 1980s
  7. 7. 1990s: Birmingham council decided to totally redevelop the Bullring site as well as a number of other parts of the CBD. Urban planners and architects began work to redesign the area with the aim of bringing investment, businesses, jobs and shoppers back to the CBD. 2000: Demolition of the old Bullring started on the 30 June 2000, with completion in March 2001. Construction of the new Bullring Centre started immediately after.
  8. 9. Construction 2001
  9. 10. Construction 2001
  10. 11. Construction 2001
  11. 12. The all new Bullring Centre Opened August 2003
  12. 13. The outside of Selfridges and a new car park (formerly the fruit and veg market)
  13. 16. The new Bullring Centre and the revamped Pavilion Centre
  14. 17. Inside the Bullring Centre
  15. 20. Touch screen information points and big screens which show adverts and local news
  16. 21. <ul><li>total cost was £500 million </li></ul><ul><li>over 140 shops, boutiques and restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>2 prestigious departments stores; Selfridges </li></ul><ul><li>and Debenham’s </li></ul><ul><li>new open spaces, walkways and performance </li></ul><ul><li>areas with a mix of modern architecture and </li></ul><ul><li>historic buildings </li></ul><ul><li>3,100 new car parking spaces </li></ul><ul><li>over 8,000 jobs were created within Bullring </li></ul><ul><li>existing landmarks such as the Rotunda, the </li></ul><ul><li>Pavilion shopping centre, and St Martins </li></ul><ul><li>Church have been cleaned and restored </li></ul>The new Bullring Centre
  17. 22. Improving accessibility - Moor Street Station <ul><li>improving the accessibility of the CBD is a very </li></ul><ul><li>important part of attracting people back into the city </li></ul><ul><li>Moor Street station is located behind the Bullring </li></ul><ul><li>Centre </li></ul><ul><li>the old station is currently being restored in its </li></ul><ul><li>original 1930s style </li></ul><ul><li>the station will open in 2005 and provide a </li></ul><ul><li>gateway to the Bullring Centre from London </li></ul><ul><li>Marylebone and commuter towns such as Solihull, </li></ul><ul><li>Warwick, Leamington Spa, Banbury and High </li></ul><ul><li>Wycombe. </li></ul>
  18. 23. The entrance to Moor Street Station
  19. 24. The refurbished ticket offices
  20. 25. Moor Street Station
  21. 26. <ul><li>The redevelopment of Birmingham’s </li></ul><ul><li>CBD has also included several other </li></ul><ul><li>‘ flagship’ developments: </li></ul><ul><li>- The Mailbox </li></ul><ul><li>- The International Convention Centre </li></ul><ul><li>- The National Indoor Arena </li></ul><ul><li>- Several areas of new luxury apartments </li></ul>
  22. 27. The Mailbox
  23. 28. The Mailbox
  24. 32. <ul><li>The building was formerly a Royal Mail sorting </li></ul><ul><li>office but was transformed and opened in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>as a very exclusive district consisting of: </li></ul><ul><li>- designer fashion and lifestyle shops e.g. DKNY, </li></ul><ul><li>Polo Ralph Lauren and Hugo Boss </li></ul><ul><li>- luxury apartments </li></ul><ul><li>- two hotels </li></ul><ul><li>- leading businesses e.g. Cable and Wireless </li></ul><ul><li>- secure 24 hour parking </li></ul><ul><li>- range of restaurants and café bars </li></ul><ul><li>- expensive hairdressers and beauty salons </li></ul><ul><li>- a gym </li></ul>The Mailbox
  25. 33. The International Convention Centre
  26. 36. <ul><li>Completed in 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham’s premier venue for exhibitions, </li></ul><ul><li>business meetings, conferences and shows. </li></ul><ul><li>Has 11 halls with state of the art facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The centre attracts business people and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>from all over the World. The visitors are generally </li></ul><ul><li>wealthy and help benefit other businesses in the </li></ul><ul><li>CBD by spending money in hotels, restaurants, </li></ul><ul><li>entertainment and shops. </li></ul>The International Conventional Centre (ICC)
  27. 37. Canal side development: Brindley place - trendy bars - cafes - restaurants
  28. 38. The National Indoor Arena (NIA)
  29. 40. <ul><li>Opened in 1991 by Linford Christie. </li></ul><ul><li>Multi purpose arena which stages a wide range of </li></ul><ul><li>indoor sport as well as concerts, entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>spectaculars and business events. </li></ul><ul><li>The arena is a centre for international sport, having </li></ul><ul><li>staged World Championships in netball, badminton, </li></ul><ul><li>powerlifting, archery, climbing and tae-kwondo. </li></ul><ul><li>The arena can seat up to a maximum of 13,000 </li></ul><ul><li>people so is often used for music concerts </li></ul><ul><li>featuring popular bands. </li></ul>The National Indoor Arena (NIA)
  30. 41. New apartments in the city seem to be appearing everywhere!
  31. 43. <ul><li>There are many luxury apartments and penthouses </li></ul><ul><li>being built aimed at rich young professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>These are proving to be very popular showing that </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham’s redevelopment of the CBD has been </li></ul><ul><li>a success. It’s now trendy to live in the city! </li></ul><ul><li>People buying apartments to live in the city also </li></ul><ul><li>helps bring money to businesses in the CBD and </li></ul><ul><li>creates opportunities for new businesses like </li></ul><ul><li>food shops and dry cleaners thus creating more </li></ul><ul><li>jobs. </li></ul>Attracting people back to live in the city - new apartments
  32. 44. If you go to Birmingham you’ll see this slogan everywhere. What do you think the slogan is trying to say about Birmingham?
  33. 45. Practice essay question: For a named city; i) describe and explain the decline of its CBD ii) outline what has been done to attract money, jobs and customers back to the city. (8 marks)

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