I am on the hunt for the History of Modern Art… Where did it begin? What events caused it to happen? Who are the major players? What does it look like? Help me map out a timeline of events and evidence to solve this crime!
Salon De RefuseAn uproar occurred in 1863, following the rejection by the Salon Jury ofan unusually high number (3,000) of submitted paintings, includingDejeuner surLHerbe (1863) by EdouardManet, and works by Whistler,Cezanne, and Camille Pissarro. To pacify the critics and "to let the publicjudge the legitimacy of these complaints", the French Emperor NapoleonIII ordered that painters whose works had been rejected by the SalonJury could exhibit their works in a show adjacent to the Salon. The showbecame known as the Salon des Refuses (exhibition of rejects), a namesubsequently applied to any exhibition of artworks rejected by the jury ofthe official Paris Salon, notably shows in in 1874, 1875, and 1886. Althoughin 1863 the rejected works were subjected to greater criticism by the artcritics, the very existence of this alternative exhibition undermined theexclusivity of the official Salon. Henceforth, artists began organizing theirown shows (notably the Impressionists in the 1870s and 1880s), and manyart historians date the beginning of Modern Art to the first Salon desRefuses.REFERENCE: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/salon-paris.htm#salondesrefuses