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Everyday Life

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Everyday Life

  1. 1. Exploring the California MISSIONS Everyday Life
  2. 2. In order to find out about people from the past...
  3. 3. historians look at their stuff
  4. 4. It’s your turn to be the historian: let’s investigate their stuff!
  5. 5. Fact:
  6. 6. Father Junípero Serra
  7. 7. Father Junípero Serra came to California in 1769
  8. 8. Father Junípero Serra came to California in 1769 with a plan to convert
  9. 9. Father Junípero Serra came to California in 1769 with a plan to convert the Native Californians
  10. 10. Father Junípero Serra came to California in 1769 with a plan to convert the Native Californians to Catholicism.
  11. 11. Father Junípero Serra came to California in 1769 with a plan to convert the Native Californians to Catholicism.
  12. 12. This is a list of what the Franciscans brought with them to California Estado general, 1769 José de Gálvez, Spanish Colonial Administrator Single Document; List of provisions for San Diego and Monterey Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
  13. 13. There are hundreds of things on this list
  14. 14. Some of them are...
  15. 15. Religious items like candles and silver cups
  16. 16. Farming tools such as hoes, rakes, and oxen yokes
  17. 17. Foods including wheat, spices from far away, and wine
  18. 18. In fact, they brought A LOT of stuff Beans & Grains Animals Farming Tools Religious Items Crucifix for the altar Canvas portrait of more than a vara in length of the Virgin Mary, showing a condemned man on her shoulders Portrait of the Holy Patron Four varas of muslin to make a baldachino and backdrop for the altar A new Missal with the Saints of our Order A number of double corporals of fine linen with burse and pall Amice of Breton lace Two purificators of fine linen A rochet of Bramant linen, with floral design and lace Castile wax for Masses for a year Wine A chalice for the celebration of Mass Vestment of various colors Oils, surplice, ritual, baptismal shell and a bell Two blank books bound in red leather for entries Four tercios of fine flour Two tercios of unsifted flour Three tercios of beans One tercio of rice * The measure of one tercio is uncertain; A fanega equals about two and a half bushels; A vara measures two feet, nine inches Twenty-five fanegas of corn Twelve new, large hoes Two axes for clearing or preparing charcoal Six large machetes for cleaning up (brush, etc.) Six knives A branding iron Pickaxes, plowshares and other iron tools Nine milch (chichiguas) cows and a breed bull and a yoke of oxen Eight pack mules, six broken and two unbroken Three saddle mules Three horses broken and two mares, one of these with its colt
  19. 19. But…
  20. 20. The Native Californians had their own plans
  21. 21. Bateau du Port de San Francisco (Boat, Port of San Francisco), 1822 Louis Choris, French Artist Color lithograph Santa Barbara Museum of Art, gift of Carol L. Valentine
  22. 22. Bateau du Port de San Francisco (Boat, Port of San Francisco), 1822 Louis Choris, French Artist Color lithograph Santa Barbara Museum of Art, gift of Carol L. Valentine
  23. 23. Indio de Monterey (Indian of Monterey), 1791 José Cardero, Spanish Artist Sepia on paper Museo Naval de Madrid
  24. 24. Indio de Monterey (Indian of Monterey), 1791 José Cardero, Spanish Artist Sepia on paper Museo Naval de Madrid
  25. 25. India e Indio de Monterey (Indians of Monterey), 1791 José Cardero, Spanish Artist Sepia on paper Museo Naval de Madrid
  26. 26. India e Indio de Monterey (Indians of Monterey), 1791 José Cardero, Spanish Artist Sepia on paper Museo Naval de Madrid
  27. 27. How did the Native Californians and the Franciscans impact one another?
  28. 28. What do you think happened?
  29. 29. These are some of the things that happened...
  30. 30. Jeu des Habitans de Californie (Games of the Inhabitants of California), 1822 Louis Choris, French Artist Color lithograph Santa Barbara Museum of Art, gift of Carol L. Valentine
  31. 31. Jeu des Habitans de Californie (Games of the Inhabitants of California), 1822 Louis Choris, French Artist Color lithograph Santa Barbara Museum of Art, gift of Carol L. Valentine
  32. 32. Mission San Gabriel, about 1832 Ferdinand Deppe, German Artist Oil on canvas Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library
  33. 33. Mission San Gabriel, about 1832 Ferdinand Deppe, German Artist Oil on canvas Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library
  34. 34. Franciscans California Natives Light-weight clothing Hunter-Gatherers Rotated village sites seasonally Wool clothing Farmers Lived in one place
  35. 35. Congratulations!
  36. 36. By looking at the clues
  37. 37. By looking at the clues in these pictures
  38. 38. By looking at the clues in these pictures you’ve learned about
  39. 39. By looking at the clues in these pictures you’ve learned about the people involved
  40. 40. By looking at the clues in these pictures you’ve learned about the people involved and their encounter
  41. 41. By looking at the clues in these pictures you’ve learned about the people involved and their encounter with one another
  42. 42. By looking at the clues in these pictures you’ve learned about the people involved and their encounters with one another
  43. 43. The Huntington is rich in primary sources. Please extend your explorations by exploring our website or visiting The Huntington soon.
  • Cfirmery

    Aug. 12, 2014

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