Theoretical foundations of
nursing
Dorothea E. Orem
The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Socio-culture

Basic Assumptions
independent
Nu
rsi
n

g

Self care

Knowledge

Self care OK if
Universal
self-care
requis...
action
directed

totality of
self care
actions

ability for
engaging

Initiates
Theory of self care deficit
•
•
•
•
•
•

Specifies when nursing is needed Nursing
Orem identifies 5 methods of helping:
Ac...
Theory of Nursing Systems
• Describes how the patient’s self care needs
will be met by the nurse , the patient, or both
• ...
Theoretical foundations of nursing dorothea orem
Theoretical foundations of nursing dorothea orem
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Theoretical foundations of nursing dorothea orem

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Theoretical foundations of nursing dorothea orem

  1. 1. Theoretical foundations of nursing
  2. 2. Dorothea E. Orem The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
  3. 3. Socio-culture Basic Assumptions independent Nu rsi n g Self care Knowledge Self care OK if Universal self-care requisites OK
  4. 4. action directed totality of self care actions ability for engaging Initiates
  5. 5. Theory of self care deficit • • • • • • Specifies when nursing is needed Nursing Orem identifies 5 methods of helping: Acting for and doing for others Guiding others Supporting another Providing an environment promoting personal development in relation to meet future demands • Teaching another
  6. 6. Theory of Nursing Systems • Describes how the patient’s self care needs will be met by the nurse , the patient, or both • Identifies 3 classifications of nursing system to meet the self care requisites of the patient:• Wholly compensatory system • Partly compensatory system • Supportive – educative system

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