betty newman systems model

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betty newman systems model

  1. 1. Betty Neuman’s Systems Model
  2. 2. “Health is a condition in which all parts and subparts are in harmony with the whole of the client.”
  3. 3. METAPARADIGM
  4. 4. Person  an open system that works together with other parts of its body as it interact with the environment  a dynamic composite of the interrelationship of five variables: (1.) physiological, (2.) psychological, (3.) sociocultural, (4.) developmental, and (5.) spiritual  has protective mechanisms for the basic structure, and maintains client’s system stability: (1.) flexible line of defense, (2.) normal line of defense, and (3.) lines of resistance
  5. 5. Flexible Line of Defense Normal Line of Defense CORE CORE Lines of Resistance
  6. 6. Health  dynamic condition  equated with stability of normal line of defense  Wellness exists when all the part or system of person works harmoniously
  7. 7. Health Sta bil it y on a rm H y Flexible Line of Defense Normal Line of Defense Lines of Resistance c al an B W W W W W W e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne s s s s s s e CORE CORE s s s s s s Health
  8. 8. Environment  can be internal, external, and created force (stressors) that interacts with a person’s state of health  has the potential to alter or improve stability of systems
  9. 9. Interpersonal S Intrapersonal T Extrapersonal R S T R E Flexible Line of Defense E S S Normal Line of Defense CORE CORE S O Interpersonal Lines of Resistance S O R R Intrapersonal S Extrapersonal S
  10. 10. Nursing  a unique profession hat requires holistic approach – considers all factors affecting a client’s health  aims to promote optimal wellness to its client through retention, attainment, or maintenance of the stability of client’s system
  11. 11. Nursing (cont.)  nurse helps the different levels of clientele: individual, family, and groups in achieving and maintaining an optimal wellness through intervention with the goal of reducing stress factors and its adverse effects to the optimal functioning of an individual in any given situation  nursing consists of intervention modalities of prevention which can be: (1.) primary, (2.) secondary, (3.) tertiary
  12. 12. Health Sta bil it y on a rm H y Flexible Line of Defense (Primary Prevention) Normal Line of Defense (Secondary Prevention) Lines of Resistance (Tertiary Prevention) c al an B W W W W e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne e l l ne s s s s e CORE CORE s s s s Health
  13. 13. Once an individual is exposed to stress, the flexible line of defense will be “alarmed” to protect the normal (solid) line of defense to keep the system free from stressor reactions. However, if this individual is continuously exposed to stress and if the flexible line of defense is unable anymore to cope up with the stressors, the normal line of defense will be altered. If this happens, there will be a threat to the wall that protects the basic structure of the individual and therefore causing instability of the systems and illness develops.
  14. 14. Flexible Line of Defense Normal Line of Defense STRESSORS CORE CORE (Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Extrapersonal) ILLNESS Lines of Resistance
  15. 15. Thank you!!!

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