L3 Overview of History of Ideas:  Some examples from the  Greek and Roman world  Dr F.Long, Education
Knowledge: Built up or Handed Down Dr F.Long, Education
Intuition  versus  Analysis <ul><li>See the whole picture </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
Intuition Dr F.Long, Education
Analysis Dr F.Long, Education
Main Greek Philosophers <ul><li>Socrates...Athens , died 399 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Plato...Athens,  died 347 BCE </li></ul...
Sparta <ul><li>Lycurgus, leader of the military Greek city-state of Sparta, 730BC </li></ul><ul><li>The Spartan state </li...
Socrates  469-399BCE <ul><li>Sculptor, soldier, educator </li></ul><ul><li>Did not write. We rely on his student Plato </l...
Plato 427-347 BCE <ul><li>The Republic (an ideal world) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers and artisans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Aristotle 384-322 BCE <ul><li>Student of Plato </li></ul><ul><li>All-round scholar, especially medicine and biology </li><...
Seneca 4BCE-65CE (Stoic) <ul><li>Principle of harmony: Between self and nature; between self and society </li></ul><ul><li...
(Stoic) Epictetus, Manual <ul><li>In  Manuel  III,12-13, five economies: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion to bear with being revi...
Augustine 354-430 CE <ul><li>Lawyer, non-Christian, stoic, then convert to Christianity in 386, reacted against stoics on ...
Further Reading <ul><li>EDIGER, M. 1997. Influence of ten leading educators on American education.  Education, 118 , 267. ...
Francis Bacon 1561-1626 <ul><li>Renaissance thinker and politician in reign of Elizabeth I and James I </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Pde2012 l3 overview greece and rome with augustine

484 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
484
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
43
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Pde2012 l3 overview greece and rome with augustine

  1. 1. L3 Overview of History of Ideas: Some examples from the Greek and Roman world Dr F.Long, Education
  2. 2. Knowledge: Built up or Handed Down Dr F.Long, Education
  3. 3. Intuition versus Analysis <ul><li>See the whole picture </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  4. 4. Intuition Dr F.Long, Education
  5. 5. Analysis Dr F.Long, Education
  6. 6. Main Greek Philosophers <ul><li>Socrates...Athens , died 399 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Plato...Athens, died 347 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle ...Stageira, died 322 BCE </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  7. 7. Sparta <ul><li>Lycurgus, leader of the military Greek city-state of Sparta, 730BC </li></ul><ul><li>The Spartan state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spartiates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perioikoi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spartan Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Spartan education </li></ul><ul><li>Link with Delphi </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  8. 8. Socrates 469-399BCE <ul><li>Sculptor, soldier, educator </li></ul><ul><li>Did not write. We rely on his student Plato </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that knowledge needed to be constantly criticised to be kept alive </li></ul><ul><li>Socratic questioning </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  9. 9. Plato 427-347 BCE <ul><li>The Republic (an ideal world) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers and artisans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warriors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rulers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workers would drop out of school before warriors etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers would be philosophers </li></ul><ul><li>Key Ideas from this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A stratified curriculum depending on ability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate vocational schools from academic schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elite schools for aristocracy or people with money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link between academic performance (especially arithmetic and philosophy) and leadership in society </li></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  10. 10. Aristotle 384-322 BCE <ul><li>Student of Plato </li></ul><ul><li>All-round scholar, especially medicine and biology </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on humans as organisms. What makes this organism flourish? </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue, developed talent, strength that is politically aware and directed towards the good </li></ul><ul><li>Influences on </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the learner’s talents and predispositions towards the good irrespective of jobs or society </li></ul><ul><li>Book learning? Liberal education </li></ul><ul><li>Humans are unhappy if they are not intellectually engaged </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  11. 11. Seneca 4BCE-65CE (Stoic) <ul><li>Principle of harmony: Between self and nature; between self and society </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The soul carries within itself the seed of everything that is honourable and this seed is stirred to growth by advice, as a spark that is fanned by a gentle breeze develops its natural fire .’ Seneca Ep. 94,29 </li></ul><ul><li>All knowledge is rooted in impulse ( horme ) </li></ul><ul><li>Some friends of Seneca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serenus - emotional sense of inferiority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Novatus (Gallio) – emotional sense of being left behind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucilius -emotional sense of fatique and frustration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nero -emotional sense of superiority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dealing with emotions </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  12. 12. (Stoic) Epictetus, Manual <ul><li>In Manuel III,12-13, five economies: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion to bear with being reviled </li></ul><ul><li>Range : education is this, to learn what is one’s own and what is not IV,5 </li></ul><ul><li>Impulse to monitor the action of the will </li></ul><ul><li>Judgement what to assent to, what to avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Being towards reality and away from display </li></ul><ul><li>Solitude to be able to suffice for oneself </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  13. 13. Augustine 354-430 CE <ul><li>Lawyer, non-Christian, stoic, then convert to Christianity in 386, reacted against stoics on basis of ‘compassion’ </li></ul><ul><li>Realises that he lives “outside” himself, that God lives “inside” himself </li></ul><ul><li>Characterises human life as restless ( Confessions 1.1) </li></ul><ul><li>This issue is related to the story of the Garden of Eden, to Exodus and the search for the promised land </li></ul><ul><li>We are illuminated by the truth and we find ourselves in a way that matches our understanding of the world </li></ul>
  14. 14. Further Reading <ul><li>EDIGER, M. 1997. Influence of ten leading educators on American education. Education, 118 , 267. </li></ul><ul><li>HESTER, HENDRICKSON and Gable (2009). Forty Years Later the Value of Praise. Education and Treatment of Children 32(4). </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  15. 15. Francis Bacon 1561-1626 <ul><li>Renaissance thinker and politician in reign of Elizabeth I and James I </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated a new experimental method against elitism and stale thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Critic of 4 idols impairing the truth: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Idols of Cave (idiosyncacy of individuals, pet likes and dislikes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idols of Tribe (tendency to distort and exaggerate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idols of the Theatre (hasty learning, hasty conclusions beguiled by impressions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idols of the Market Place (fashionable thoughts might be wrong) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Influences: </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of the new science and its separation from the humanities </li></ul><ul><li>The issue of the ‘two’ cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of science from religion </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education

×