Basics of the japanese language session 1 v4 animated
Basics of theJapanese LanguageLunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 1 Introduction
Objectives for this courseThis is a 6 week taster of the Japanese language to cover the basics of the language and the following topics: 1. Introduction (today) 2. Greetings 3. Numbers 4. Time 5. Transport 6. Food
Objectives for this sessionIntroductionsExpectationsThe Japanese language – Grammar – Verbs – Alphabets – Sounds – Pronunciation – Kanji – Basic sentence structureExample sentences
IntroductionMe – Peter Missen – Took early retirement from IBM in March 2010 – Joined PCC in April 2010 – My role is IT Auditor for the Internal Audit groupStarted to learn Japanese in 1993 while at IBMI teach Japanese part-time in the evenings at the University of Portsmouth on their Institution Wide Language Program (IWLP). A scheme that allows any student at the University to learn a language for interest or 10 degree credits.
Class introductionsAround the class please – Name – Department – Something interesting about yourself, related to Japanese if possible…
ExpectationsYou have my permission to: – Make mistakes – Ask dumb questionsPlease ask questions when you are stuckPlease be interactive…
The Japanese languageJapanese is a picture based language – Pictures borrowed from ChinaParticles glue the pictures together – examples of particles wa ka no de e kara made…
GrammarCompared with European languages, Japanese grammar has some differences.For example: – No gender – No articles • Japanese people struggle with our articles - the/a/an – No plurals – No future tense – No spaces – No capital letters!
VerbsVerbs are doing words – ACTIONIn the Japanese language verbs come at the end of a sentence, for example:English: Tomorrow I am going to London.Japanese: me tomorrow london direction go.
AlphabetsThere are 3 Japanese alphabets: – Kanji (pictures from China) – Hiragana (sounds for all things Japanese) – Katakana (sounds for all things foreign – any language!)We can use Latin characters to express JapaneseThe Japanese call this ro-maji – ro-ma = Rome – ji = written characterAll 3 alphabets can be used in 1 sentence
The 5 vowel sounds A I U E OThe same 5 vowels as English!But in a different order
The 5 vowel sounds - examples A as in CAT I as in FEET U as in SHOOT E as in REST O as in OVER
The 46 basic sounds Ro-maji: Hiragana: A I U E O あ い う え お Ka Ki Ku Ke Ko か き く け こSa Shi Su Se So さ し す せ そTa Chi Tsu Te To た ち つ て と Na Ni Nu Ne No な に ぬ ね の Ha Hi Fu He Ho は ひ ふ へ ほMa Mi Mu Me Mo ま み む め も Ya Yu Yo や ゆ よ Ra Ri Ru Re Ro ら り る れ ろ Wa Wo わ を N/M ん
PronunciationJapanese pronunciation is mostly uncomplicatedPronounce words as they are written in ro-maji – Though some “U” and “I” sounds are silent – And a U following an O makes a double O sound!Kanji characters can have several “readings” depending on context
KanjiThe Japanese write top down and right to leftThe Kanji for Japan is nihon: 日本The pictures mean: Sun and origin“Land of the Rising Sun”Add language to mean Japanese: 日本語
Basic sentence structure~ wa ~ desu.wa = topic marker – the topic of the sentencedesu = is/are/am – no plurals in JapaneseUsage:word(s) wa word(s) desu.
~ wa ~ desu examplewatashi wa “Peter” desu.私はピーターです。 watashi = me wa = topic marker desu = is
Another ~ wa ~ desu examplekore wa pen desu. This is a pen.これはペンです。 kore = this (thing speaker has possession of) wa = topic marker (first annoyance with Japanese is that the “ha” symbol is used but pronounced “wa”) pen = pen desu = is/are/am (used at end of a sentence)
Another ~ wa ~ desu examplekore wa jisho desu. This is a dictionary.これは辞書です。 jisho = dictionary (2 kanji: words + write/compose)
Another ~ wa ~ desu examplesore wa hon desu. That is a book.それは本です。 sore = that (thing the listener has possession of) hon = book (same kanji as “origin” and same pronunciation!)
Another ~ wa ~ desu exampleare wa densha desu. That is a train.あれは電車です。 are = that (thing over there that neither the speaker nor the listener has possession of) densha = train (2 kanji: electricity + vehicle)
Another ~ wa ~ desu examplekore wa nan desu ka. What is this?これは何ですか。 nan = what ka = ?
HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Can bring an object to class next week • Be able to say what it is in Japanese – Great if you can practice with a colleague