Mexico

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This PowerPoint is on Mexico. It was a large portion of a Unit Study we did on Latin America.

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Mexico

  1. 1. Mexico
  2. 2. Land • Mexico forms part of a land bridge • At Mexico’s narrowest point, only 140 miles of land separate the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
  3. 3. Peninsula’s • Baja California along the west coast. • Yucatan Peninsula along the east coast. • Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea bordering its shores.
  4. 4. Sierra Madre • Sierra Madre Occidental: mountain range on the west coast • Sierra Madre Oriental: mountain range in eastern Mexico • Sierra Madre del Sur: in southwestern Mexico
  5. 5. Popocatepetl
  6. 6. Popocatepetl
  7. 7. Earthquake of 1985
  8. 8. Mexico City – 8.1
  9. 9. The Plateau of Mexico • Located in the center of Mexico • North: deserts and grassy plains • Center: flat valleys, most of Mexico’s people • South: snowcapped mountains
  10. 10. Coastal Lowlands • Pacific Coastal Plains: hot deserts (north), farming and ranching (south). • Gulf Coastal Plains: more rain and fertile soil for growing crops and raising animals.
  11. 11. Climates • Latitude: location north or south of the Equator • Altitude: height above sea level
  12. 12. Altitude Zones Tierra Fria: “cold land” Tierra Templada: “temperate land” Tierra Caliente: “ hot land”
  13. 13. Economy • Northern Region • Central Region • Southern Region
  14. 14. Northern Mexico • Dry and rocky • Vaqueros or cowhands • Maquiladoras: factories that assemble parts made in other countries
  15. 15. Central Mexico • More than ½ of Mexico’s population lives in Central Mexico • Fertile soils from the volcanoes allows for good farming and ranching
  16. 16. Southern Mexico • Poorest economic region • Subsistence farms: farmers grow enough food for their family • Plantations: large farms that grow bananas or sugarcane
  17. 17. Native American Civilizations • The Maya – Built huge stone temples in the shape of pyramids with steps – Developed hieroglyphics – Decorated temples and tombs with murals
  18. 18. Mayan Hieroglyphics
  19. 19. Mayan Murals
  20. 20. Native American Civilizations • The Aztec – Mexico City, stands on the ancient site of Tenochtitlan, once the Aztec capital – Tenochtitlan was originally built on two islands in the middle of Lake Texcoco
  21. 21. Spanish Mexico • In 1519 Hernan Cortes defeated the Aztec • Spain made Mexico a colony • Spanish settlers raise cattle on large ranches called haciendas
  22. 22. Today’s Cultures • 60% of Mexicans consider themselves mestizos. • 30% are Native American • 10% are descended from Europeans, especially Spaniards
  23. 23. Independence • Mexico fought and won their independence in 1821 • In 1846, Mexico gave up claims to TX, CA, UT, NV, and parts of CO, WY, AZ, & NM
  24. 24. Government • Mexico has a federal republic government
  25. 25. Cities & Villages • Plazas: public squares located in the center of the cities • Spanish architecture and modern buildings • Many homes are made of adobe: sun- dried clay bricks.
  26. 26. Mexican Culture: Food • Food: rich blend of flavors • Corn, chocolate, tomatoes, and chilies come from Native American foods • Spanish brought beer, chicken, cheese, and olive oil
  27. 27. Celebrations • Celebrations, or fiestas, can include parades, fireworks, music, and dancing • Mariachi bands play instruments such as violin, guitar, horn, and bass • Rhythms and singing of Latino bands
  28. 28. Mariachi Bands
  29. 29. Latino Bands
  30. 30. Holidays • National: – Independence Day (09/16) – Cinco de Mayo (May 5) • Religious: – Day of the Dead
  31. 31. Independence Day
  32. 32. Cinco de Mayo
  33. 33. Day of the Dead
  34. 34. Today’s Economy • Ranks in the top 12 in the world • Industrialized relying less on farming and more on manufacturing • Service industries have grown
  35. 35. Challenges • Population growth – Some Mexicans become migrant workers: people who travel from place to place when extra workers are needed to plant or harvest crops – Many legally and illegally come to the US
  36. 36. Challenges • Foreign Investment & Debt • Pollution
  37. 37. *=1 » = 10 √ = 100 ≈ = 1,000 ◊ = 10,000 Δ= 100,000
  38. 38. Examples 365 = √ √ √ » » » » » » * * * * * 426, 957 = ΔΔΔΔ◊◊≈≈≈≈≈≈√√√√√√√√√»»»»»*******
  39. 39. 1. 35 2. 9 3. 427 4. 3,816 5. 58,742 6. 832,167 7. 593,531 8. 7,293 9. 44 10. 878
  40. 40. 1. 35 » » » ***** 2. 9 ********* 3. 427 √√√√» » ******* 4. 3,816 ≈≈≈√√√√√√√√» ****** 5. 58,742 ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊ ◊≈≈ ≈≈≈≈≈≈√ √ √√ √√ √ » » » » ** 6. 832,167 ΔΔΔΔΔΔΔΔ◊◊◊≈≈√» » » » » » * * * * * * * 7. 593,531 ΔΔΔΔΔ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊◊≈≈≈√√√√√» » » * 8. 7,293 ≈≈≈≈≈≈≈√√» » » » » » » » » *** 9. 44 » » » » **** 10. 878 √√√√√√√√» » » » » » » ********

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