Pierre de CoubertinPierre de Coubertin of Paris, France was the founderof the now famous modern Olympics. His date ofbirth was the 1st of January 1863. And nowadaysevery athlete has a dream to participate in theOlympics. Coubertin wanted to make sports animportant part of the personal development of youngpeople. He conceived of an international competitionto promote athletics. To publicize these plans, heorganised an international congress on 23 of June1894 at the Sorbonne in Paris. Pierre also inventedthe Olympic flag.
Olympic FlagPierre designed the Olympic flag in 1914 and asyou may know each colour represents acontinent. Also did you know that each flag in theworld has at least one colour from the theOlympic flag including white (New Zealand hasthree colours).
MascotEvery Olympics has at least one Mascot, torepresent the games, for example: Beijing in2008 had 5 mascots. You can buy OlympicMascots all over the world. London’s mascot is agraffiti style cyclops (see above). Mandevilles(the London Mascot) name is inspired by StokeMandeville in Buckinghamshire. The StokeMandeville Games, widely recognised as aforerunner of the modern Paralympic movement,were first held at the hospital there.
Olympic torchThe Olympic torch is a tradition which as beencarried out at every modern Olympics, the torchis different every Olympics. Before the Olympicsthe torch travels to many countries and everytorch bearer gets to keep a torch. The torches arelit by gas and at the opening ceremony someonecarries the torch around the stadium. TheOlympic torch is an important factor of theopening ceremony in the olympic games.
Host citiesThe summer Olympics have been happening formany years. The first modern Olympics were in1896 in Athens. London, the host of this year’sOlympics have hosted the the games twice beforein 1908 and 1948. There have been 29 summergames held in 22 different citys since 1896.
Creed & MottoThe Olympic creed and motto was strung together byPierre de Coubertin, the words are the following"Citius, Altius, Fortius" (faster, higher, stronger) isthe Olympic motto. One day, following at an inter-schools athletics meeting, he ended his speech withfine oratorical vigour, quoting the three words of theolympic motto. There is also an Olympic motto and itgoes: The most important thing in the OlympicGames is not to win but to take part, just as the mostimportant thing in life is not to triumph but tostruggle. The essential thing is not to have conqueredbut to have fought well.
CeremoniesThere are many ceremonies held through out theOlympic games including the opening ceremony.Each Olympic team has a flag bearer to carry theflag around the stadium, becoming a flag bearerfor your country is considered a great honor. Atthe opening ceremony the is also someone whocarry the torch, lots of famous people likeMuhammad Ali have carried the torch. Theclosing ceremony celebrate all the athletesachievements from throughout the games.
Olympic OathPierre de Coubertin wrote an Olympic oath for theathletes to recite, the Olympic oath was firstrecited by Victor Boin in 1920 and the part aboutdoping was just added in Sydney 2000. This is theOlympic oath: "In the name of all the competitors,I promise that we shall take part in these OlympicGames, respecting and abiding by the rules whichgovern them, committing ourselves to a sportwithout doping and without drugs, in the truespirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport andthe honor of our teams."
Murray HalburgAt Melbourne 1956 Murray Halburg failed to complete his task of winningan Olympic gold. He had to wait four more years to compete again. Manywould consider Halburg a handicapped athlete beacause at the age of 15Murray picked up a Rugby injury and popped a blood vessel, he nearlydied. After that Halburg could not move his shoulder. Author Lydiard(now one of the best coaches in the world) started training Halburg.Because of Halburg’s disability he had to run with is injured shouldertucked up beside him, he was literally running with one arm. Finally thetime came, the 1960 Rome Olympics. All of the Lydiard club sat aroundthe radio to see who was going to the games Murray was chosen. Theselectors did not like Author Lydiard training methods so he was notallowed to go to Rome. The whole of Auckland got together and raisedmoney for Lydiard to go to Rome. Author camped outside the village inRome, but he could still whach his athletes. 1 hour after Peter Snell’s800m victory Murray Halburg took home the Gold, but the fire was out,that was his last Olympics.