Theme 2

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Theme 2

  1. 1. Theme 2: Big HistoryTheme 2: Big History Audria MuscaraAudria Muscara HIST 140HIST 140 Professor ArguelloProfessor Arguello
  2. 2. Peoples and EmpiresPeoples and Empires • Alexander the Great, creator of the great European Empire, wanted peace, stability, and religious harmony for all. • Rome offered civilization and protection to it’s people. Laws were created and Rome strived for world domination. • Barbarian invasions, economic collapse, poor military strategies, and loss of civic virtue may have all attributed l to the fall of the Roman Empire.
  3. 3. Peoples and EmpiresPeoples and Empires • Early Portuguese voyages to Africa sponsored by Prince Henry. • Many Europeans set off to explore new lands in hope to find riches. • Europeans were brought over seas to other parts of the world. • Christianity was also spread to these parts. Missionaries followed and Christianity was to stay in the New World.
  4. 4. Peoples and EmpiresPeoples and Empires Slavery • All empires up to the beginning of the 19th century had at one time practiced slavery. • Between 1492 and 1820, 5-6 times as many Africans went to America than white Europeans. • Major part of the transatlantic trade • Christians often believed they were “saving” the slaves from eternal damnation by buying them. • Slavery eventually came to an end and continues to be a painful part of human history.
  5. 5. Guns, Germs, and SteelGuns, Germs, and Steel • How did such a small army of conquistadors conquer the Inca’s? • The Inca’s thought they were god’s riding in on their horses with lighter skin wearing metal helmets. They had never before seen horses • The unarmed warriors approached the conquistadors by playing music and celebrating to “defeat the gods.” • Ambush led by Pizzaro with steal weapons and gunpowder.
  6. 6. Guns, Germs, and SteelGuns, Germs, and Steel • Disease like small pox was eventually brought on and killed many. Diseases were given to humans from the domestic animals they once lived with. • Steel was utilized to make more advanced weapons and supplies. Gunpowder came from Asia and firearms were being used.
  7. 7. Guns, Germs, and SteelGuns, Germs, and Steel • Resources of different climates helped shape the history of the world • New Guinea lacked the dry climate and domestic animals that the middle East had to farm. The animals provided fertilizer, meat, wool, milk, and cleared crops which allowed people of this region to flourish. • The people of New Guinea had the mind power to flourish but all the man power was spent on supplying food. Even the use of steal tools didn’t come till much later. • The ancient inhabitants of the middle East were able to thrive because of their resources and the domestic animals native to the land.
  8. 8. The Origins and Nature of NewThe Origins and Nature of New World SlaveryWorld Slavery • The Arabs and Muslims were the first to use the Sub- Saharan African Blacks as slaves. • The Arabic conquests spread geographically resulted in an increase of slavery practice in new areas. • Many of the Arabic slaves were used for sugar and tobacco cultivating.
  9. 9. The Origins and Nature of NewThe Origins and Nature of New World SlaveryWorld Slavery • Judaism, Christianity, and Islamic religions tried to regulate slavery. • Slavery revolts occurred • Slaves may have been used for ritual sacrifices, laborers, sex slaves and even cannibalism.
  10. 10. The Origins and Nature of NewThe Origins and Nature of New World SlaveryWorld Slavery • Judaism, Christianity, and Islamic religions tried to regulate slavery. • Slavery revolts occurred • Slaves may have been used for ritual sacrifices, laborers, sex slaves and even cannibalism.

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