E-Learning in India


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Presentation on 17/11/2008 at Las Vegas, USA in the Pre-conference symposium on "E-Learning in Asia"

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E-Learning in India

  1. 1. E-Learning in India E-Learning Asia Day Presentation by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra
  2. 2. From Tradition … <ul><li>Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; Where knowledge is free; Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls; Where words come out from the depth of truth; Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection; Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit; Where the mind is led forward by Thee to ever-widening thought and action - Into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake.                                                                         by Rabindranath Tagore </li></ul>
  3. 3. … to Technology <ul><li>Over 20 Billion USD software export </li></ul><ul><li>To over 100 countries in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Market share of above 20% software development world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>One third of e-commence start-ups having Indian connection in the Silicon Valley </li></ul><ul><li>5 th Largest telecom network in the world </li></ul><ul><li>2 Million telephone subscribers added every year </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile subscribers: 233.6 million (Sept 2008)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Users: 42 million (3.7% only)‏ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Higher Education in India (2006)‏ <ul><li>Central Universities: 20 </li></ul><ul><li>State Universities: 217 </li></ul><ul><li>Deemed to be Universities: 106 </li></ul><ul><li>Private Universities: 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of National Importance: 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Institutes established under state act: 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges: 17625 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Authorities, Accreditation Bodies <ul><li>Ministry of Human Resource Development </li></ul><ul><li>University Grants Commission, National Assessment and Accreditation Council </li></ul><ul><li>Distance Education Council </li></ul><ul><li>All India Council for Technical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Council of India, Dental Council of India, Indian Nursing Council, Central Council of Homeopathy, Central Council for Indian Medicine, Pharmacy Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>National Council for Teacher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Council for Agricultural Research </li></ul><ul><li>Bar Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation Council </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>National Council of Rural Institutes </li></ul><ul><li>State Councils of Higher Education </li></ul>
  6. 6. E-Learning Developments <ul><li>NIIT Netvarsity (1996)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>National Task Force on Information Technology and Software Development (1998)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Indira Gandhi National Open University, Virtual Campus Initiative (1999)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Other educational institutions followed… </li></ul><ul><li>More private initiatives to provide coaching for competitive examinations and entrance test for admission to premier educational institutes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some Examples <ul><li>YCMOU </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Virtual University </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Technical University </li></ul><ul><li>Symbiosis International University </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Technology </li></ul>
  8. 8. NPTEL <ul><li>Improve the quality of engineering education in India </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Project of 7 IITs and IISc </li></ul><ul><li>129 web courses, 110 video courses </li></ul><ul><li>Each consists of contents of 40 lecture hours in text, graphics, animation video </li></ul>
  9. 9. Medical Education Online <ul><li>Medvarsity </li></ul><ul><li>MedRC </li></ul><ul><li>IGNOU (Accupuncture)‏ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Indira Gandhi National Open University <ul><li>Virtual Campus Initiative in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>RROnline in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Short Courses Online (Diplomacy, Food safety, Gender, CDS/ISIS)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>eGyankosh and SAKSHAT in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>IGNOU Online in 2008 </li></ul>
  11. 11. IGNOU -- VCI <ul><li>BCA and MCA programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Downloadable ZIP files and HTMAL pages </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Support through 1V-2A teleconference </li></ul><ul><li>Programme withdrawn due to many student problems, and all students transferred to traditional distance education mode </li></ul>
  12. 12. IGNOU -- RRonline <ul><li>Resettlement and Rehabilitation programme supported by the World Bank was the first Social Science Online programme in India </li></ul><ul><li>Internally developed platform with course content, discussion forum, chat, assignment submission, online quiz, online library, online diary, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Programme withdrawn from online due to less students and other problems </li></ul>
  13. 13. eGyanKosh <ul><li>National Digital Repository to store, index, preserve, distribute and share the digital learning resources developed by the Open and Distance Learning Institutions in the country. Items in eGyanKosh are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved by IGNOU, unless otherwise indicated. To access the items in repository registration is required. Registration is free. Also available through YouTube. </li></ul>
  14. 14. SAKSHAT <ul><li>A pilot project of the Govt. of India, which is being spearheaded by IGNOU </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to be a portal for students of all levels (elementary to higher and further education)‏ </li></ul>
  15. 15. IGNOU – Education Braodcast <ul><li>Gyan Darshan I </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Darshan II (1v/1a teleconference)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>EduSAT (2-way video conference)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Vani (FM radio)‏ </li></ul>
  16. 16. IGNOU – Virtual Classrooms <ul><li>Master of Library and Information Science </li></ul><ul><li>PG Certificate in Cyber Law </li></ul><ul><li>PG Diploma in Accupuncture </li></ul>
  17. 17. Inside Programmes <ul><li>Course content (wiki-based)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Flash-based presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Flash videos </li></ul><ul><li>Forums </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments, Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Web-conferences (real-time)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Student tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Performance-based Progressive Learning method </li></ul>
  18. 18. Other IGNOU Initiatives <ul><li>Project Management Online Certification in partnership with pmGURUonline.com </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-University Consortium for Technology-Enabled Flexible Education and Development </li></ul><ul><li>National Centre for Innovations in Distance Education </li></ul><ul><li>Online Training on Development of Self-Learning Materials using WikiEducator Platform </li></ul>
  19. 19. Observations <ul><li>Anything and everything is e-learning! </li></ul><ul><li>Much technology-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Poor staff development efforts on e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to replicate distance learning through online technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband access is poor, but fast developing </li></ul><ul><li>Online learning instructional design is key, but always neglected </li></ul>
  20. 20. Suggestions <ul><li>Establishment of Indian Council for Online Learning as a statutory body to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a national distributed repository of Learning Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain standard of Online Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinate and promote Online Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation of Online Learning courses and programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and maintain Online Learning Portals for life long learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a “e-Learning Consortium” including member educational institutions to offer e-learning programmes without duplicating efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Develop facilities for online training of teachers and administrators </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate development of small learning objects by teachers </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank YOU <ul><li>Your questions and comments are welcome </li></ul><ul><li>You may like to contact me at [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>My Blog TeachKnowLogist at http://teachknowlogist.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>My SlideShare at http://www.slideshare.net/ missan </li></ul><ul><li>My WikiEducator Work at: http://www.wikieducator.org/User:Missan </li></ul>