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Collaborative Learning and ICT


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Presentation at CIET, NCERT, New Delhi via EduSat on 11/09/2009.

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Collaborative Learning and ICT

  1. 1. Collaborative Learning and ICTsCollaborative Learning and ICTs Sanjaya Mishra To collaborate is to work jointly with othersTo collaborate is to work jointly with others 'Collaborative learning' is an umbrella term for a'Collaborative learning' is an umbrella term for a variety of educational approaches involving jointvariety of educational approaches involving joint intellectual effort by students, or students and teachersintellectual effort by students, or students and teachers together. Usually students are working in groups of twotogether. Usually students are working in groups of two or more, mutually searching for understanding,or more, mutually searching for understanding, solutions, or meanings, or creating a productsolutions, or meanings, or creating a product ICTs can foster collaborative learningICTs can foster collaborative learning
  2. 2. Theories behind CLTheories behind CL Social constructivist learning theory:Social constructivist learning theory:peoplepeople learn through sociallearn through social interaction and peer relationships andinteraction and peer relationships and achieve their developmental milestones as a result ofachieve their developmental milestones as a result of thatthat interactioninteraction Cooperative learning:Cooperative learning:It'sIt's is a relationship in ais a relationship in a group of students that requires positivegroup of students that requires positive interdependence,interdependence, individual accountability (towards learning), interpersonalindividual accountability (towards learning), interpersonal skills (communication, trust, leadership, decision making,skills (communication, trust, leadership, decision making, and conflict resolution), and interactionand conflict resolution), and interaction Situated learning:Situated learning:learning occurs in authenticlearning occurs in authentic contexts with socialcontexts with social interaction and collaboration as the keyinteraction and collaboration as the key componentscomponents
  3. 3. ICT Tools for CLICT Tools for CL Web 2.0 toolsWeb 2.0 tools text-based communication toolstext-based communication tools emailemail blogsblogs wikiswikis instant messaging/chatinstant messaging/chat microbloggingmicroblogging immersive learning environmentsimmersive learning environments electronic gameselectronic games 3D virtual worlds3D virtual worlds people networkspeople networks discussion forums – web (+email)discussion forums – web (+email) groups and communitiesgroups and communities servicesservices social softwaresocial software online conferencingonline conferencing interactive whiteboardsinteractive whiteboards voice over IP (VoiP).voice over IP (VoiP).
  4. 4. Pedagogical DesignsPedagogical Designs Problem-based learningProblem-based learning Project-based learningProject-based learning Reciprocal teachingReciprocal teaching Group workGroup work Design of learning activity is important to theDesign of learning activity is important to the use of ICT tools.use of ICT tools.