Assessment in Distance Education


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A presentation before the academic counsellors of nautical sciences at IGNOU

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Assessment in Distance Education

  1. 1. Assessment in Open and Distance Learning
  2. 2. Assessment??? <ul><li>What ideas, concepts and experiences come to your mind when you think of Assessment/evaluation? </li></ul><ul><li>Write down some of them? (2 Minutes) </li></ul>Assessment has direct relationships with Objectives that you set for the learners
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>It is a process of obtaining information about learners progress and achievement in learning </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Assessment? <ul><li>Selecting learners </li></ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating learners </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the practice of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily assessment serves two purposes </li></ul><ul><li>To provide support and feedback to learners to improve their ongoing learning </li></ul><ul><li>To report on what they have already achieved, whether this be a grade or written comment </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Assessment <ul><li>Formative – that are continuous, designed to motivate learners, help them to understand how they are progressing </li></ul><ul><li>Summative – that are used as end of course test and give a total report on learners achievement of objectives </li></ul>
  6. 6. How assessment is done in ODL? <ul><li>Non-assessable activities and feedback in study materials </li></ul><ul><li>Self-assessment questions with feedback in the learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments (TMAs and CMAs) </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue with tutors and peer groups </li></ul><ul><li>Practicals </li></ul><ul><li>Project work, seminars, field work, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Formal examinations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Tests <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Matching </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Choice </li></ul><ul><li>True-False </li></ul><ul><li>Sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in the Blanks </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence completion </li></ul><ul><li>Short Answer (50-150 words) </li></ul><ul><li>Long Answer (600-1200 words) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Blueprint Area 5 Area 4 Area 3 Area 2 Area 1 E S A U C K Objectives Content areas
  9. 9. Assignments at IGNOU <ul><li>TMAs and CMAs depending on the requirements and decision of the School Board and Academic Council </li></ul><ul><li>Used as 2-way communication through tutor comments (academic and personal) and supplemental communication </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why Tutor Comments? <ul><li>Remove the isolation of students at ODL </li></ul><ul><li>Support them in their learning process to identify areas which they should further develop </li></ul><ul><li>Create a dialogue between teacher and learner </li></ul><ul><li>Promote reflective and self-evaluative thinking </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inside Tutor Comments? <ul><li>Drawing attention to facts they have overlooked or misinterpreted </li></ul><ul><li>Suggesting alternative approaches or interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing attention to gaps in learning </li></ul><ul><li>Suggesting how the learners might improve </li></ul><ul><li>Identify relationships with student’s present response and previous learning </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate special efforts or improvements in competence </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest new sources of information </li></ul>
  12. 12. Your comments should/may… <ul><li>Always be Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Always be Constructive </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely be Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes be Null </li></ul><ul><li>Never be Hollow </li></ul><ul><li>Never be Misleading </li></ul><ul><li>Never be Harmful </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples <ul><li>Positive Comment: Your explanation with regard to ---- is very good. I appreciate the diagrammatic representation of the concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive Comment: You could have discussed the following three parts: </li></ul><ul><li>(i)… </li></ul><ul><li>(ii)… </li></ul><ul><li>(iii)… </li></ul><ul><li>Use of more examples and illustrations are welcome </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examples… <ul><li>Negative Comment: The example given is not correct </li></ul><ul><li>Null Comment: ?? ‗ ‗ ‗ X  ( ) ~ ~ ~ </li></ul><ul><li>Hollow Comment: Your answer is so so. You can improve your presentation. You may spend some more time in writing this answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Misleading Comment: Where the student is right, but teacher indicates it as wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful Comment: Really bad/ Horrible language/ This is nonsense/ Are you writing english for the first time? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Global Comments <ul><li>Specified Format of Global Comment Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Give Grade: </li></ul><ul><li>A = Excellent </li></ul><ul><li>B = Very Good </li></ul><ul><li>C= Good </li></ul><ul><li>D = Satisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>E = Unsatisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>Provide an overview of the comments </li></ul><ul><li>Explain grade </li></ul><ul><li>The grade and comments should be matching </li></ul>
  16. 16. My Global Comments <ul><li>In this session we have covered: </li></ul><ul><li>What is assessment? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>What are various forms of assessment and test? </li></ul><ul><li>How it is done in ODL? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the practice at IGNOU? </li></ul><ul><li>How to write tutor comments? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thank You… <ul><li>Now it is your turn for questions/comments, if any? </li></ul>