Understanding  E-Learning <ul><li>Foundations for effective online teaching </li></ul>Sanjaya Mishra,  PhD Reader in Dista...
What is e-learning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)‏
Why e-learning is so popular? <ul><li>Access to educational resources from outside the institution;  </li></ul><ul><li>Qui...
Why e-learning is so popular? <ul><li>Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a simple browser...
Forms of E-Learning Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Web integrated in the classroom to supplement teaching Web used in a mixed mode (...
Characteristics of e-Learning E-Learning Interactive Learning ICT Support & Management Student Centred Learning Flexible &...
Instructional strategies <ul><li>Information presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and collaboration  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Framework for Designing Online Environment (Source: © Mishra, 2002)‏ Learning activities Learner support Content Behaviour...
Another Instructional Design Model (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)‏ CONSTRUCT REFLECT INTERACT EXPERIENCE
Framework for Online  Resources  (Source: Panda & Mishra, in progress)‏
Tools and Technologies (Source: Mishra, 2001)‏ Group Chat, Discussion board Group chat, Discussion board MANY-TO-MANY Conf...
Teaching Online:  A Model LEARNING Amount of interactivity 1 4 3 2 5 (Source: Salmon, 2000)‏ Access and Motivation Setting...
Successful e-Learning  Mantras <ul><li>Target group identification, and their needs assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Instituti...
Successful e-Learning  Mantras E-Learning: Effective Learning Learner Centred Technology Teachers Content Pedagogy
THANK YOU <ul><li>Your comments, questions are welcome. </li></ul><ul><li>My sincere thanks to Kurukshetra University, par...
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Understanding E-Learning: Foundations for Effective...

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Understanding E-Learning: Foundations for Effective...

  1. 1. Understanding E-Learning <ul><li>Foundations for effective online teaching </li></ul>Sanjaya Mishra, PhD Reader in Distance Education Staff Training and Research Institute of Distance Education I G N O U Maidan Garhi, New Delhi http://www.learningindia.net/sm/CV.htm
  2. 2. What is e-learning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)‏
  3. 3. Why e-learning is so popular? <ul><li>Access to educational resources from outside the institution; </li></ul><ul><li>Quick and easy way to create, update and revise course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased interaction with student through e-mail and discussion forums; </li></ul><ul><li>Location and time independent delivery of course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia capabilities enabling instructional designers to prepare quality learning materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive and dynamic learning experience through online assessment tools; </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why e-learning is so popular? <ul><li>Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a simple browser interface; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased learner control through hypertext based presentation of </li></ul><ul><li>information; </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for international, cross-cultural and collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>learning; and </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to serve a large number of students at a potentially reduced cost. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forms of E-Learning Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Web integrated in the classroom to supplement teaching Web used in a mixed mode (as blended learning)‏ Web used independently as a stand alone system
  6. 6. Characteristics of e-Learning E-Learning Interactive Learning ICT Support & Management Student Centred Learning Flexible & Self-paced Learning Adaptive Learning Resource based Learning Collaborative Learning
  7. 7. Instructional strategies <ul><li>Information presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Drill and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery learning </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of audio, video and simulations </li></ul>
  8. 8. Framework for Designing Online Environment (Source: © Mishra, 2002)‏ Learning activities Learner support Content Behaviourism Cognitivism Constructivism <ul><li>Participation in discussion forum </li></ul><ul><li>Email contact </li></ul><ul><li>Reading of lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Learner guide </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor support </li></ul><ul><li>Online library </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous chat -counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Objective-bsed couse units </li></ul><ul><li>Self-assessment online </li></ul>
  9. 9. Another Instructional Design Model (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)‏ CONSTRUCT REFLECT INTERACT EXPERIENCE
  10. 10. Framework for Online Resources (Source: Panda & Mishra, in progress)‏
  11. 11. Tools and Technologies (Source: Mishra, 2001)‏ Group Chat, Discussion board Group chat, Discussion board MANY-TO-MANY Conferencing Paradigm E-mail, Mailing list, Discussion board E-mail, Mailing lists, Discussion Forums ONE-TO-MANY Bulletin Board Paradigm E-mail, Chat (social/learning)‏ E-mail, Chat ONE-TO-ONE E-mail Paradigm Interactive Web pages, FAQs, Help ONE-ALONE WWW Paradigm LEARNER-LEARNER LEARNER-MENTOR LEARNER-CONTENT INTERACTION METHOD
  12. 12. Teaching Online: A Model LEARNING Amount of interactivity 1 4 3 2 5 (Source: Salmon, 2000)‏ Access and Motivation Setting up system and accessing Welcoming and encouraging Development Supporting, responding Providing links Knowledge Construction Facilitating process Conferencing Information Exchange Use of learning materials Searching and personalizing Online Socialization Familiarization Sending and receiving messages
  13. 13. Successful e-Learning Mantras <ul><li>Target group identification, and their needs assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional preparedness (staff training/orientation; technology readiness: hardware, software, server, LMS)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Content preparation (media analysis, media sourcing and development, integration and deployment)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery strategies (synchronous and asynchronous facilities) </li></ul><ul><li>Service orientation (24X7 help desk for technical, administrative and academic issues)‏ </li></ul>
  14. 14. Successful e-Learning Mantras E-Learning: Effective Learning Learner Centred Technology Teachers Content Pedagogy
  15. 15. THANK YOU <ul><li>Your comments, questions are welcome. </li></ul><ul><li>My sincere thanks to Kurukshetra University, particularly to Dr. R.R. Rausaria, Director, DDE, KUK. </li></ul>

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