United Irishmen


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United Irishmen

  1. 1. The United Irishmen: A Land Based Rebellion from the Sea Janelle Harrison, MA, RPA SHA Conference 2012 Baltimore, MD January 7, 2012
  2. 2. The American Revolution The French Revolution
  3. 3. George Washington to New York City Irish, December 2, 1783 “ If the Example of the Americans Successfully continuing in the Cause of Freedom, can be of any Use to other nations; we shall have An additional motive for rejoicing At so prosperous an event-”
  4. 4. Causality: The Philosophical Relationship Between Cause and Effect
  5. 5. Grattan’s Parliament
  6. 6. Threats of Violence Through 18 th Century Media (Cartoons)
  7. 7. Accounts of Mutiny
  8. 8. A Rainbow Coalition
  9. 9. The French Invasion 1 st Attempt Of Bantry Bay 1796 N
  10. 10. French Frigate La Surveillante <ul><li>Only Ship reported to be lost during the French Invasion of Ireland in 1797 </li></ul><ul><li>Original Geophysical Survey was conducted in 1997 by The University of Ulster in Partnership with Environmental and Heritage Service </li></ul><ul><li>Shortly after I presented my research on Bantry Bay in 2007, Several papers were published in Vol. 41, No 3 of Historical Archaeology </li></ul>
  11. 11. The French Fleet Off the Coast of Bantry Bay According to Wright & Evans, Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray Pitt, Dundas, Grenville, and Windham are the four winds which blow up the storm to destroy the invaders. FFox, as the carved figure at the head of the Revolution, is represented as influencing the United Irishmen. The crew of the jolly-boat are Sheridan, Liberty Hall, Erskine, M. A. Taylor, and Thelwall, who, it is insinuated, were all approvers, at least, of the Irish rebellion.&quot;
  12. 12. The Battle of Camperdown & The Irish Rebellion On the 11 th of October 1797 the British fleet lead by Admiral Duncan battled with the Dutch fleet of the coast of the Netherlands, as soon as the Dutch started to head out east-by southeast. The British won the battle capturing 10 of the 17 ships of the line, lead by the Dutch Admiral De Winter. It was the intention of the Dutch to cover the landing of the French in Ireland to support the planned Irish Rebellion, and then to storm Scotland with 50,000 troops and cease the Scottish midlands from British control. But Admiral Duncan, a Scots man and British Naval Officer thwarted the Dutch plan of attack with his successful defeat of the Dutch at the Battle Of Camperdown.
  13. 13. H.M.S. Venerable Battle Of Camperdown
  14. 14. Napoleon Bonaparte Abandons The Irish Rebellion For Egypt
  15. 15. N French Land The 2 nd French Invasion of Ireland
  16. 16. Theobald Wolfe Tone & The 2nd French Attempt At Bantry Bay <ul><li>The French try to land 3,000 troops and Theobald Wolfe Tone on the 12th October 1798 at Bantry Bay </li></ul><ul><li>After 3 hours of Battle with the British Royal Navy the French surrendered </li></ul>
  17. 17. The United Irishmen Trying to Keep the Flame Alive Humbert’s Proclamation to the Irish People
  18. 18. CONCLUSION “ but as history shows in every country and age a tyrannous power needs to perpetuate itself by measures even more revolting to humanity than the act of rebellion itself.”