Phenomenal Philosophers-Constructivism Power Point

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Brief Presentation on the pros and cons of using the constructivist method inside the classroom.

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  • Thank You Si Lamjed for this slide show. Early Constructivism (Piaget) highlighted the idea that learning is a problem-solving process where the learner relies on prior knowledge when met with similar situations. Social constructivism (Vigotsky) highlighted the role of an adult (a teacher /parent/ a friend/ a classmate /a peer etc) in helping a learner acquire language/knowledge.
    1. The teacher is expected to trigger the learner's KOW (Knowledge Of the World)as crucial in the teaching-learning process .
    2. Collaborative/cooperative learning is also important; pair-work, & group work are examples of how to put it in practice.
    3. The learning process follows some given stages (phases) clearly-defined by Vigotsky.
    4. Learning is internalised (retention) once it is assimilated (understood).
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Phenomenal Philosophers-Constructivism Power Point

  1. 1. Constructivist Approach to Teaching Kirsten Beukelman Kylene Dumiak Amanda Tatz Ian Morris Jessica Zwart By: Phenomenal Philosophers
  2. 2. What Is Constructivism? <ul><li>Constructivism's central idea is that human learning is constructed , that learners build new knowledge upon the foundation of previous learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners come to learning situations with knowledge gained from previous experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners gain new understanding based on prior knowledge (they are not a blank slate – tabula rasa ) , that prior knowledge influences what new or modified knowledge they will construct from new learning experiences. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is Constructivism? (cont.) <ul><li>Learning is active, not passive – it is not simply a transmission of information from one individual to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners apply current understandings, note relevant elements in new learning experiences, judge the consistency of prior and emerging knowledge, and based on that judgment, they can modify knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning occurs when knowledge is assimilated or accommodated. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge may be constructed best in a social context. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Advantages of Constructivism Learning is built upon what learners already know Scientific Reasoning Cooperative Problem Solving Meaningful Technology Active Exploration Hands-on Creativity Deeper Understanding of Concepts
  5. 5. More Advantages of Constructivism <ul><li>Accommodates student interests. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes higher level thinking skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses scaffolding provided by teacher or group for individual problem solving. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes teamwork and cooperation between students for a shared sense of success. </li></ul><ul><li>Students understand information, don’t just recite it back. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible. </li></ul><ul><li>Student excitement and interest. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Disadvantages of Constructivism Time Consuming Requires Excellent Classroom Management Outcomes can be Unpredictable. Lack of Proper Teacher Training
  7. 7. Additional Disadvantages of Constructivism <ul><li>During initial stages students may experience confusion or frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to grade/evaluate. </li></ul><ul><li>Different students learning at different paces-need to keep track of. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to give up control of the classroom – may be difficult to do. </li></ul>
  8. 8. In Conclusion <ul><li>Just like any other teaching method there are both advantages and disadvantages to the constructivist method. </li></ul><ul><li>If used properly and effectively this method can be a wonderful asset to both the educators who use it and to the students who participate in the use of the instruction. </li></ul>

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