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Starting with the
name of ALLAH
Function and its
Difinition of SOCIAL NORMS…..?
According to Young & Mack: Norms refer
to the group shared expectation.
According to Lesh, Larson & Goerman:
Social norms are rule s developed by a group
of people that specify how people must,
should, may, should not and must not
behave in various situation.
Social norms are the code of ethics.
Social norms are rules that a group uses for
appropriate and inappropriate values, beliefs,
attitudes and behaviors.
Social Norms are the rules for how people should
act in a given group or society. Any behavior that
is outside these norms is considered violation of
Social norms consist of rules of conduct and
models of behavior prescribed by a society. They
are rooted in the customs, traditions and value
systems that gradually develop in this society
are unwritten rules about how to behave.
They provide us with an expected idea of
how to behave in a particular social group or
culture. For example we expect students to
arrive to lesson on time and complete their
Social norms are not found among the
animals. It exists only human society.
Animals have no norms in their life.
Examples of Norms Violation:
Make noise in classroom.
Never bring a book, pencil, or paper.
Read a novel during class.
Smoking in the class.
Wear clothes backwards
Guys could wear girls garments.
Watch a blank tv
Examples of Norms Violation:
Walk around the mall with an open
Talking to yourself in public.
Driving on wrong side.
Say goodbye when you answer the phone
Have a animated conversation with
yourself in public.
Talk to strangers (Female).
Eat soup with a fork.
Functions of Social Norms:
Control Behavior: Social norms control our
behavior in the way that they provide a set pattern for
Making behaviour systematic and pattern:
Another function is that the behavior of the people
becomes systematic and pattern.
Law and order: Due to systematic and pattern
behavior law and order can be maintained in society. For
disorderly society no law can work because of the
unsystematic behavior of the people.
Social norms helps in self-control: norms are also
helpful in making self-control.
Types of Social Norms:
Definition of Folkways:
According to Gillin and Gillin: Folkways are
behavior patterns of every day life which generally
arise unconsciously in a group.
A mode of thinking, feeling, or acting common to
a given group of people.
Man’s action repeated bye him is his habit and a
repeated behavior by a group of people is a
These are common rules of manners that
we are expected to use on a day-to-day
basis. The punishment for violating a
folkway is informal and inconsistent.
Folkways are the ways of life of folk or the
ways of life in a society which open
unconsciously upon the people.
The folkways are norms that arise during
social interaction and are handed down
from one generation to the next
These are the rules of eaten, drinking,
meeting, types of dressing , cermonies and
rituals for situation and the manner of life
in institutional situations as family, school,
market, and mosque.
folkways are also called as norms of
Examples of Folkways:
1. Correct manners.
2. Appropriate dress.
3. Proper eating behavior.
Assalm-o-alaikum and responding wa-alakam-
Shaking hands and embracing while meetin.
Saying Khuda Hafiz of Fi Amanullah while
Ceremonies on marriage like making the
fun of bride and bridegroom.
Decoration of houses and wearing fine
clothes on festivals of Eids and others.
Respect for elders, Maulvi sahib, and for
women and others.
Definition of Mores….
According to Gillin and Gillin: Mores are
those customs and group routines which are
thought by the members of society to be
necessary to the group’s continued existence.
The must behavior is called Mores.
Mores is the plural of mores which means
Mores are more serious norms but also informal
They are also unwritten customary ways of life.
Their violation of serious threat to social order. A
person can not run away form the mores, if
he/she live in the society he/she must be obey
these mores. There is punishment if an individual
fails to conform to mores of the society.
Punishment is formal and informal for the
violation of mores
Examples of Mores:
Respect for the parents.
Students to obey educational institute norms.
Having sexual relationship with women without
Entering into other’s house without permission.
Breaking purdah of women.
Selling and eating unclean (haram) meat.
Types of Mores:
1) Positive Mores.
2) Negative Mores.
1) Positive Mores:
Positive more always prescribe
behavior pattern. They represent the ‘Do’s. They
give instructions and provide guidance for the
people to behave in a particular way.
Taking care of the aged people.
Loving one’s country.
Doing services for the society.
Speaking the truth.
2) Negative Mores:
Negative mores prescribe behavior
patterns. They represent the “Don’t”. They are
also called ‘taboos’. Taboos forbid or prohibit
certain behavior patterns.
Don’t appear before the people without dress.
Don’t be cruel to the wife and children.
Don’t tell lies.
Don’t be irreligious.
Those act , or which there violation
and punishment has been defined are called
Law is a system of rules a society sets to maintain
order and protect harm to persons and property.
Rules of conduct of any organized society,
however simple or small, that are enforced by
threat of punishment if they are violated
Law is the product of society according to the
social conditions of life. Law is never stagnant. It
is flexible and adjusting according to the social
conditions of the people. As the social situation
changes, similarly the law changes.
If the society does not amend its laws according
to the new condition of life, there will be more
violation of law and the controlling force of law
will grow weak and respect for the law will fall
It is formal social norms.
It is written custom and a part of books.
There is authority behind the law, which have
definite rules and power to regulate such laws.
There is specialized agencies to define, regulate
and enforced these laws. Like courts, jails and
police to protect and implement the law.
National assembly and other law-making bodies
are always making new law, changing the old
Killing a person.
Looting his property.
Robbery . Etc etc…..