Radia%on Ten Minute Medicine By Barry Miskin MD FACS
Radia%on • Caused by %ny par%cles, can’t be seen or smelled • We all can tolerate small amounts, but large amounts cause illness and death • Eﬀects most rapidly reproducing and growing cells in the body-‐gut and marrow • Immediate Death usually Brain Hemorrhage
Potassium Iodide Tablets • Given to Workers in Nuclear Power Plant • May prevent Thyroid cancer from radia%on exposure • No immediate value to prevent radia%on illness
Protec%ng Yourself From Radia%on • Less %me in contaminated area the beVer • The farther you are from the explosion the safer you are likely to be • The more you can shield your body the less Radia%on you are apt to absorb
Radia%on Sicknes • 30-‐1000 Rads-‐Bone Marrow Syndrome-‐ Destruc%on of Bone Marrow-‐Infec%on and Death • 600-‐10,000 Rads-‐GI Syndrome-‐Severe Dehydra%on-‐Death-‐Can Be Irreversible • 2000-‐5000 Rads-‐CV/CNS Syndrome-‐Death Uss. 3 days from Collapse of Circulatory system & Incr. Brain Pres.
Ten Minute Medicine Tips for Radia%on • Stay Upwind of vic%m and wear mask (or make mask) • Wear Protec%ve Clothes if Available • Wash vic%m down with water, remove dust & radioac%ve par%cles check for other injuries • Major danger is infec%on-‐guard against it • Do not give vic%m food, it may be contaminated with bacteria