EBL is not to be confused with making data driven decisions, but is about integrating data and evidence to inform decision-making rather than drive it. Metrics should not make a decision for you!
Sometimes you need to respond quickly, so have to rely on your best judgment at the time. Decisions are often complex and not straightforward, and you need to balance different and even conflicting needs and priorities
Systematic and informed decision-making is also easier to sell and justify to management
For gathering ‘new’ data you can use a variety of methods and techniques
The point of the pyramid represents the highest ‘quality’ evidence, but you still need to appraise and evaluate every study.
It should be clear, transparent and easy to understand It should be valid, reliable, rigorous and objective (free from bias) so that others will take it on board Evidence on its own is of little use, it should ultimately be used to lead to a change or improvement in policies, processes or services. You need to communicate your decision – and tailor your message to your target audience library staff (meetings, policies, manuals, intranet) management (institutional reports, committees) users (the web, social media, print, signage) the wider community (conferences, journals)
EBLIP is a continuous process – evaluate how you made the decision and also what the impact or effect of the decision is/was – remember short term and long term outcomes
Having this kind of evidence helps us make better use of limited budgets to ensure the ‘right’ resources are cancelled when necessary
Having this kind of evidence can help inform purchasing decisions regarding which resources to switch from print to electronic formats and vice versa.
Having this kind of evidence can highlight the instructional needs of our students and help inform the content and design of our IL classes, as well as how our systems are designed
Evidence based library and information practice
library & information
michelle dalton, liaison librarian, chs, ucd library
using existing evidence
User surveys e.g. LibQual
Usage statistics – eresources, circulation, il instruction etc.
LISTA: Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts
LISA: Library and Information Science Abstracts
Emerald Management Xtra
“encouraging librarians to
conduct research where there
is a lack of evidence is vital
to the growth of ebl”
(crumley & koufogiannakis, 2002)
systematic enquiry, collecting & interpreting
evidence or data to answer a question
focuses on service effectiveness, practical in nature, designed to
bring about change & action
a ‘quality check’ against a defined standard – are we doing
“what it says on the tin”?
(grant et al. (eds.), 2013)
systematic (lit) review
develops consistency across individuals / teams
was it the right method / approach?
what can we do better next time?
what does it mean in practice for our users?
how effective was the intervention?
short term and long term impacts?
librarianship: a case study
of a print resource
(Derven & Kendlin, 2011)
Student Reading Practices in
Print and Electronic Media
How Users Search the Library
from a Single Search Box
(Lown, Sierra & Boyer, 2013)
a final incentive…
helps us deliver
better services to
library & information
journal tocs (alerts for 250+ lis journals)
annual eblip conference proceedings
eblip wiki (univ of minnesota)
evidence based toolkit for public libraries
the researching librarian
Bayley, L., & McKibbon, A. (2006). Evidence-based librarianship: a personal perspective from the medical/nursing realm. Library Hi
Tech, 24(3), 317-323.
Booth, A., & Brice, A. (2004), "Appraising the evidence", in Booth, A., Brice, A. (Eds),Evidence-Based Practice for Information
Professionals, Facet Publishing, London, pp.104-18. http://www.facetpublishing.co.uk/downloads/file/sample_chapters/481.pdf
Booth, A. (2000, July). Librarian heal thyself: Evidence based librarianship, useful, practical, desirable? 8th International Congress on
Medical Librarianship, London
Crumley, E., and Koufogiannakis, D. (2002). Developing evidence-based librarianship: practical steps for implementation. Health
Information and Libraries Journal, 19(2), 61-70.
Derven, C., Kendlin, V. (2011) Evidence-based librarianship : a case study of a print resource cancellation project. The Journal of
Academic Librarianship, 37 (2), pp.166-170.
Eldredge, J. D. (2000). Evidence-based librarianship: An overview. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 88(4), 289302. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC35250/pdf/i0025-7338-088-04-0289.pdf
Eldredge, J. (2006). Evidence-based librarianship: the EBL process. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 341-354.
Foasberg, N. M. (2013). Student Reading Practices in Print and Electronic Media. Accepted for publication in College & Research
Libraries, June 2013.
Glynn, L (2006). EBLIP Critical Appraisal Checklist for Library Research.
Grant, M.J. et al. (2013). Research, Evaluation and Audit: Key steps in demonstrating your value. Facet: London.
Koufogiannakis, D. (2012). Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice. Evidence Based Library And
Information Practice, 7(4), 5-24.
Lown, C., Sierra, T., & Boyer, J. (2013). How users search the library from a single search box. College & Research Libraries, 74(3),
Sackett et al. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 312(7023), 71.
Van Epps, A., & Sapp Nelson, M. (2013). One-shot or Embedded? Assessing Different Delivery Timing for Information Resources
Relevant to Assignments. Evidence Based Library And Information Practice, 8(1), 4-18.
Frog image: http://dreamofanotaku.deviantart.com/art/Duckweed-Frog-200304942
Data image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Transmediale-2010-Ryoji_Ikeda-Data-Tron-2.jpg
The Librarian (Wolfgang Lazius): http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/arcimboldo_paris/gaml1007_01.htm
Jenga image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ashleymackinnon/7645861006/