Evidence based library and information practice


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  • EBL is not to be confused with making data driven decisions, but is about integrating data and evidence to inform decision-making rather than drive it.
    Metrics should not make a decision for you!
  • Sometimes you need to respond quickly, so have to rely on your best judgment at the time. Decisions are often complex and not straightforward, and you need to balance different and even conflicting needs and priorities
  • Systematic and informed decision-making is also easier to sell and justify to management
  • For gathering ‘new’ data you can use a variety of methods and techniques
  • The point of the pyramid represents the highest ‘quality’ evidence, but you still need to appraise and evaluate every study.
  • Lindsay Glynn’s eblip critical appraisal checklist
  • It should be clear, transparent and easy to understand
    It should be valid, reliable, rigorous and objective (free from bias) so that others will take it on board
    Evidence on its own is of little use, it should ultimately be used to lead to a change or improvement in policies, processes or services.
    You need to communicate your decision – and tailor your message to your target audience
    library staff (meetings, policies, manuals, intranet)
    management (institutional reports, committees)
    users (the web, social media, print, signage)
    the wider community (conferences, journals)
  • EBLIP is a continuous process – evaluate how you made the decision and also what the impact or effect of the decision is/was – remember short term and long term outcomes
  • Having this kind of evidence helps us make better use of limited budgets to ensure the ‘right’ resources are cancelled when necessary
  • Having this kind of evidence can help inform purchasing decisions regarding which resources to switch from print to electronic formats and vice versa.
  • Having this kind of evidence can highlight the instructional needs of our students and help inform the content and design of our IL classes, as well as how our systems are designed
  • Evidence based library and information practice

    1. 1. evidence based library & information practice michelle dalton, liaison librarian, chs, ucd library
    2. 2. the clinical context
    3. 3. “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions...
    4. 4. …integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research” (sackett, 1996)
    5. 5. the information science context
    6. 6. “an approach to information science that promotes the collection, interpretation and integration of valid, important and applicable user-reported, librarianobserved, and research-derived evidence…
    7. 7. …the best available evidence, moderated by user needs and preferences, is applied to improve the quality of professional judgements.” (booth, 2000)
    8. 8. data-driven decisions?
    9. 9. looking at ‘the whole picture’ e.g. low usage of an eresource perceived as ‘essential’ by a very small number of users: cancel or renew ???
    10. 10. a balancing act between evidence & intuition
    11. 11. “look before you leap”
    12. 12. why eblip?
    13. 13. more informed decision-making reduce risk of error demonstrate impact supports best practice policy & processes more efficient use of resources more effective services
    14. 14. the eblip process
    15. 15. (bayley & mckibbon, 2006)
    16. 16. formulate an answerable question search for best available evidence critically appraise the evidence make a decision and apply it evaluate performance (eldredge, 2000)
    17. 17. finding the eblip question
    18. 18. cultivate the habit capture immediately reframe to find the real question prioritize how important is this? courage to ask something new (eldredge, 2006)
    19. 19. finding the evidence
    20. 20. using existing evidence local evidence: User surveys e.g. LibQual Annual reports Usage statistics – eresources, circulation, il instruction etc. external evidence: LISTA: Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts LISA: Library and Information Science Abstracts Emerald Management Xtra ERIC (Education)
    21. 21. “encouraging librarians to conduct research where there is a lack of evidence is vital to the growth of ebl” (crumley & koufogiannakis, 2002)
    22. 22. research systematic enquiry, collecting & interpreting evidence or data to answer a question three ‘flavours’ of eblip evaluation focuses on service effectiveness, practical in nature, designed to bring about change & action audit a ‘quality check’ against a defined standard – are we doing “what it says on the tin”? (grant et al. (eds.), 2013)
    23. 23. bibliometric analysis case study cohort study content analysis delphi method document studies experimentation focus group historical study interview observational study questionnaire systematic (lit) review usability study
    24. 24. critical appraisal
    25. 25. (bayley & mckibbon, 2006)
    26. 26. (glynn, 2006)
    27. 27. is the study a close representation of the truth? are the results credible & repeatable? will the results help my own practice? (booth & brice, 2004)
    28. 28. making & implementing a decision
    29. 29. evidence should be: interpretable convincing actionable these attributes will help you make, implement & communicate a decision
    30. 30. evaluation & assessment
    31. 31. process evaluation develops consistency across individuals / teams was it the right method / approach? what can we do better next time? outcome evaluation what does it mean in practice for our users? how effective was the intervention? short term and long term impacts?
    32. 32. eblip in action yes, it is achievable!!
    33. 33. Evidence-based librarianship: a case study of a print resource cancellation project. (Derven & Kendlin, 2011)
    34. 34. Student Reading Practices in Print and Electronic Media (Foasberg, 2013)
    35. 35. How Users Search the Library from a Single Search Box (Lown, Sierra & Boyer, 2013)
    36. 36. a final incentive… using evidence helps us deliver better services to our users
    37. 37. evidence based library & information practice thank you questions? michelle.dalton@ucd.ie @mishdalton
    38. 38. eblip resources eblip journal http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/eblip journal tocs (alerts for 250+ lis journals) http://bit.ly/RZySzG annual eblip conference proceedings http://eblip7.library.usask.ca eblip wiki (univ of minnesota) https://wiki.lib.umn.edu/HSL/EBLIP.html evidence based toolkit for public libraries http://ebltoolkit.pbworks.com/ the researching librarian http://www.researchinglibrarian.com
    39. 39. references Bayley, L., & McKibbon, A. (2006). Evidence-based librarianship: a personal perspective from the medical/nursing realm. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 317-323. Booth, A., & Brice, A. (2004), "Appraising the evidence", in Booth, A., Brice, A. (Eds),Evidence-Based Practice for Information Professionals, Facet Publishing, London, pp.104-18. http://www.facetpublishing.co.uk/downloads/file/sample_chapters/481.pdf Booth, A. (2000, July). Librarian heal thyself: Evidence based librarianship, useful, practical, desirable? 8th International Congress on Medical Librarianship, London Crumley, E., and Koufogiannakis, D. (2002). Developing evidence-based librarianship: practical steps for implementation. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 19(2), 61-70. Derven, C., Kendlin, V. (2011) Evidence-based librarianship : a case study of a print resource cancellation project. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37 (2), pp.166-170. Eldredge, J. D. (2000). Evidence-based librarianship: An overview. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 88(4), 289302. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC35250/pdf/i0025-7338-088-04-0289.pdf Eldredge, J. (2006). Evidence-based librarianship: the EBL process. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 341-354. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1571813&show=abstract Foasberg, N. M. (2013). Student Reading Practices in Print and Electronic Media. Accepted for publication in College & Research Libraries, June 2013. Glynn, L (2006). EBLIP Critical Appraisal Checklist for Library Research. http://www.newcastle.edu.au/service/library/gosford/ebl/toolkit/docs/EBL%20Critical%20Appraisal%20Checklist.pdf Grant, M.J. et al. (2013). Research, Evaluation and Audit: Key steps in demonstrating your value. Facet: London. Koufogiannakis, D. (2012). Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice. Evidence Based Library And Information Practice, 7(4), 5-24. http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/view/18072/14560 Lown, C., Sierra, T., & Boyer, J. (2013). How users search the library from a single search box. College & Research Libraries, 74(3), 227-241. Sackett et al. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 312(7023), 71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.312.7023.71 Van Epps, A., & Sapp Nelson, M. (2013). One-shot or Embedded? Assessing Different Delivery Timing for Information Resources Relevant to Assignments. Evidence Based Library And Information Practice, 8(1), 4-18. http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/view/18027 Frog image: http://dreamofanotaku.deviantart.com/art/Duckweed-Frog-200304942 Data image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Transmediale-2010-Ryoji_Ikeda-Data-Tron-2.jpg The Librarian (Wolfgang Lazius): http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/arcimboldo_paris/gaml1007_01.htm Jenga image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ashleymackinnon/7645861006/