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5. open innov ict-platf

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Digital Methodologies and Tools for Innovation
• Enabling and Supporting Platforms
• The BIVEE Framework
• Doc-centred approach (Doc as a Knowledge unit)
• Macro-architecture: Knowledge Innovation
Factory
• Doc Innovation Dependency Map
• Semantic-based collaboration
– Enterprise Innovation Ontology Federation

Published in: Technology
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5. open innov ict-platf

  1. 1. 1 ICT-based Creativity and Innovation --oo--oo-- 5. Knowledge Innovation Factory M.Missikoff Institute of Sciences and Technologies of Cognition ISTC-CNR, Rome (michele.missikoff@cnr.it) Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies
  2. 2. ToC • Digital Methodologies and Tools for Innovation • Enabling and Supporting Platforms • The BIVEE Framework • Doc-centred approach (Doc as a Knowledge unit) • Macro-architecture: Knowledge Innovation Factory • Doc Innovation Dependency Map • Semantic-based collaboration – Enterprise Innovation Ontology Federation
  3. 3. Digital Methodologies and Tools • The narrow path between rigid prescriptions and an unguided territories • Soft Methodologies – Guidelines and Best practices – Innovation Patterns – Shared Innovation Space engagement • A collection of advanced, flexible, enabling tools – Collaborative Content Management – Advanced Semantic KM – Collaborative workspace management – Data Analytics, BI, DSS, Simulation, Creative Problem Solving, ...
  4. 4. Innovation Enabling Tools A first list of relevant classes of tools • Enterprise Architecture modelling & management • Doc template & report management • Monitoring and assessment • Simulation and What-If tools • Knowledge representation and management • Knowledge search and retrieval (knowbots) • Text mining, Knowledge mining • Big Data Analytics • Knowledge and data visualization • Collaborative work and social computing • Reasoning engines, Decision Support Systems • Recommendation Systems, Collaborative Problem Solving 4
  5. 5. ... Testing a baseline Environment Google, a ‘ready made’ environment for experimenting Collaborative Innovation • Gdrive • GDoc • GForm • GSheet • Google+ • Hangouts And ... • Trello, for collaborative management
  6. 6. Innovation Support Platforms Besides the listed advanced platforms that can be used for Innovation Support & Management, there are focused platforms: Idea Management • Ideascale • Skild Innovation competency management • InnoCentive • OpeniSME Full lifecycle management • BIVEE
  7. 7. Ideascale • Cloud-based Open Innovation Platform, employing the principles and practices of crowdsourcing • Network for the development and growth of ideas • Supported the Open Government Initiative of Obama • Large installation base: – Non-profit and government organizations, colleges and universities, small and large enterprises www.idealscale.com
  8. 8. Skild • Philosophy: competition-based business idea selection • Online engagement platform • Collect fresh new perspectives from your employees or the general public • Attract people who share your beliefs • platform and software for running competitions among different teams proposing different innovative ideas • Organising auditors • Tap into the wisdom of the crowd http://www.skild.com/
  9. 9. InnoCentive • Web-based community matching for scientists • Research and development challenges managed within an Open Innovation Platform • Post your ideas, get feedbacks (Seeker) • Global network of 375,000+ diverse and creative thinkers and problem solvers (Solvers) • Qualified users: Procter & Gable, La Roche, NASA, Nature, The Economist www.innocentive.com
  10. 10. OpeniSME • Largest (potentially) platform for competency searching and partnering (the whole Web) • Targeted to SMEs • Searches on publications, tech reports, projects, etc. • Manages a dynamic directory of people, teams, organizations, and their expertise • Retrieves addresses, contacts, etc. • EU ongoing project: www.openisme.eu
  11. 11. BIVEE Business Innovation in Virtual Enterprise Ecosystem
  12. 12. BIVEE Philosophy • Covering the whole Enterprise Innovation Lifecycle • Highly dynamic teams, evolving in the composition and competencies, as innovation activities progress • Knowledge Innovation Factory, as an organization paradigm • No defined workflows, but knowledge items to be completed • No Knowledge Management skill required (scarcely available in SMEs): Document-based approach • Guidelines represented essentially by: – Templates of Documents to be created – Dependency constraints (ex. DocB requires DocA to be completed) – Articulation of work based on 4 macro-phases: BIVEE Waves
  13. 13. Precondition • Towards a full digital enterprise, all relevant information is digital (see UDE: Unified Digital Enterprise, see FInES Research Roadmap) • Everything is documented, by people for people • What is not documented does not exist ... !!! • The enterprise knowledge is captured by a wealth of document collections (preparatory of KB) • Documents need to be semantically enriched • Semantic annotation, tagging: – document categories – Knowledge categories (ontologies) 13
  14. 14. Innovation Patterns • Derivation of Design Pattern research • Reusable solutions to a commonly reoccurring problem • Aimed at accelerating both the creation and adoption of innovations • Push forward Collections of Innovation Patterns, to be suggested to innovators, in different contexts / situations 14
  15. 15. Driving Ideas of BIVEE • A Framework for the support of the whole Enterprise Innovation Lifecycle (EILC) • Challenge: protect the freedom of invention while providing guidance and support to innovators • Innovation seen as a collaborative knowledge building adventure • Key actors are networked SMEs, operating in an Open Innovation Ecosystem • Highly flexible and adaptable framework, to be used in different production sectors
  16. 16. Knowledge Innovation Factory • Innovators get out of the ‘ivory tower’ of R&D Dept, and swarm in the whole enterprise, ecosystem • Innovation permeates the whole enterprise, becoming a common practice / min state • Alike the Quality Rooms invented by Toyota, we need to have the Innovation Rooms, where to meet periodically to invent, propose, challenge, ... • Innovation rooms, everywhere in the enterprise, open to all • A cultural shift, endorsed by management (and rewarding system) 16
  17. 17. Knowlege Innovation Factory 17 Production Map Raw Materials, Spare Parts Final Product Innovation Map Raw / Enabling Knowledge New Operative KnowldgeBusiness Innovation Space (intangible dimension ) (concrete dimension) OntoKRBiz Data Internal Innovation triggers External Innovation triggers Value Production Space
  18. 18. KIF Operations • KIF operates according to BIVEE Innovation Waves • There are no processes, but Innovation Knowledge items – To be achieved: IKO (Innovation Knowledge Objective) – Already created: IKA (Innovation Knowledge Artefact) – Dynamic evolution: IKO evolves into IKA that can be later revised; IKO can be created / deleted in conditions require • IKO / IKA are connected according to a dependency network • The final outcome: InnoBoK, is the union of all the achieved IKA
  19. 19. Open Innovation K-Map IKA: Released Docs IKO: Planned Docs Document Dependency Map {...} {...} External players’ Docs {...} {...} POND Inno BoK Project progress frontier 19 today
  20. 20. KIF Architecture • Knowledge Innovation Factory UI, including Shared Semantic Whiteboeard • Collaborative Innovation Monitoring and Management (with dedicated I-KPI) • Innovation Knowledge Repository (IKR), including Open Innovation Observatory • Open Collaborative Space for Creativity and Innovation • Enabling Services Platform, to interoperate the different tools, subsystems, data sources
  21. 21. Shared Semantic Whiteboard
  22. 22. TheKIFArchitecture VIF User Interface IKR I-Knowledge Repositories MoMa Monitor& Management OCS Open Collab Space Enabling Technology Platform … SSWB OIO Monitoring Dashboard
  23. 23. A Document-centric Approach • A set of predefined (Document Ontology: DocOnto): – Knowledge Items (IKAs), Knowledge Sets – Templates, to organise IKAs Represented in a set of • Structured Docs • Set of Docs dependencies • Transformations: state-based semantic descriptors (e.g., missing parts, achievement degree, ..) 23
  24. 24. Enterprise Doc Categories • Business Doc: describe the business transaction documents (invoice, Req for Quotation, Order, ...) • Actors & Roles Doc: describe the competencies, skills, and capabilities, useful in value production (Yellow Pg) • Domain Doc: capture the industry sector (Catalogues, BoM, ...) • Process Doc: describe the production process (plan, build, manange, ...) • Performance Doc: describe the indicators and the measuring methods, to keep performance under control (measurmenet methods, KPIs, ...) • Report Doc: all the base studies and reports useful for innovation (technical reports, Feasibility studies, market analysis, ...) 24
  25. 25. Semantic Doc Management • Semantic Descriptors of Docs are the missing ring between humans and computers • InnoDocs give account of entities, phenomena and manifestations that make sense for humans (tech experts, business people, customers and suppliers, etc.) • We need to make such knowledge fully available to computers ...  Let’s go semantics with Ontologies 25
  26. 26. What is what and Who is who 26
  27. 27. The InnOnto Federation Each ontology is used to define the structures of corresponding docs, supporting the generation of the related doc instances • DocOnto – Document Ontology • BusOnto – Business Ontology • DomOnto – Domain Ontologies • ProcOnto – Process Ontology • PerfOnto – Performance Ontology • AROnto – Actors & Roles Ontology Besides the DocOnto, that defines the structure of the document, other ontologies contribute to ‘semanticise’ the content, with different points of view. 27
  28. 28. Multi-Ontology Doc Annotation 28 OrderNum 5796 GREBECO – Calle Sol, 23 18003 – Granada (Spain) Ph. 958203734 Fax. 558282885 Email: info@grebeco.com Date: 11-08-05 Seller Info PERMASA Group Pedro Texeira, 8 28020 – Madrid Ph. 913301003 Fax. 913301005 Email: info@permasa.es Tax number: G12345678 Contact: John Smith Product Code Quantity ProdUnitCost(€) ON229 Wardrobe 49*99 2 78.00 OP328 Sheft unit panel 60*175 1 59.00 OP481 Rear panel 2 20.00 OP873 Bunk bed ladder 1 21.00 OP874 Upper bed for a youth bedroom 1 65.00 Total(€) 341.00 Buyer Info Description AROnto PerfOnto DomOnto Purchase Order BusOnto
  29. 29. InnoBoK Construction I n f o in t e r n e s F o n c t i o n s N i v e a u x P r é v is io n s d e v e n t e s B e s o in s c lie n t s D é f in ir e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e q u a lit é P o lit iq u e d 'a c h a t s e t d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s B u d g e t D é f in i e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e d 'e m b a u c h e e t d 'é q u ip e m e n t P r é v is io n s d e c o m m a n d e s R e v u e d e d ir e c t io n q u a lit é F ix e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n D ir e c t e u r d e P r o d u c t io n R é s iv e r le p la n n in g d e s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s p r o d u it s f in is C a r n e t d e c o m m a n d e P la n d 'a c t io n s q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n d e c h a r g e A ju s t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s d e p iè c e s C o m m a n d e s f e r m e s P la n n in g o p é r a t io n n e l d e la q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s à c o u r t t e r m e O r d o n n a n c e m e n t R é s e r v e r d e la c a p a c it é C o m m a n d e s e n r e g is t r é e s L a n c e r le s a c t io n s q u a lit é E n r e g is t r e r le s E / S d e p iè c e s L a n c e m e n t A f f e c t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s H = 1 A n n é e ( s ) 2 0 P = 6 M o is H = 6 M o is 3 0 P = 1 M o is H = 1 M o is 4 0 P = 1 S e m a in e ( s ) T e m p s R é e l 5 0 H = 3 A n n é e ( s ) 1 0 P = 1 A n n é e ( s ) I n f o e x t e r n e sG é r e r la Q u a lit é G Q G é r e r le s P r o d u it s G P P la n if ie r P L G é r e r le s R e s s o u r c e s G R Y D - M H G1 7 / 0 9 / 2 0 0 01G r ille G lo b a leS G Q 3 - 6 V 2 A n a l y s t eD a t e d e C r é a t i o nV e r s i o nP h a s eN o m G r i l l eE t u d e I M A G I M P r é v is io n s d e v e n t e s B e s o in s c lie n t s D é f in ir e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e q u a lit é P o lit iq u e d 'a c h a t s e t d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s B u d g e t D é f in i e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e d 'e m b a u c h e e t d 'é q u ip e m e n t P r é v is io n s d e c o m m a n d e s R e v u e d e d ir e c t io n q u a lit é F ix e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n D ir e c t e u r d e P r o d u c t io n R é s iv e r le p la n n in g d e s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s p r o d u it s f in is C a r n e t d e c o m m a n d e P la n d 'a c t io n s q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n d e c h a r g e A ju s t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s d e p iè c e s C o m m a n d e s f e r m e s P la n n in g o p é r a t io n n e l d e la q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s à c o u r t t e r m e O r d o n n a n c e m e n t R é s e r v e r d e la c a p a c it é C o m m a n d e s e n r e g is t r é e s L a n c e r le s a c t io n s q u a lit é E n r e g is t r e r le s E / S d e p iè c e s L a n c e m e n t A f f e c t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s I n f o in t e r n e s F o n c t i o n s N i v e a u x P r é v is io n s d e v e n t e s B e s o in s c lie n t s D é f in ir e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e q u a lit é P o lit iq u e d 'a c h a t s e t d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s B u d g e t D é f in i e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e d 'e m b a u c h e e t d 'é q u ip e m e n t P r é v is io n s d e c o m m a n d e s R e v u e d e d ir e c t io n q u a lit é F ix e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n D ir e c t e u r d e P r o d u c t io n R é s iv e r le p la n n in g d e s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s p r o d u it s f in is C a r n e t d e c o m m a n d e P la n d 'a c t io n s q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n d e c h a r g e A ju s t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s d e p iè c e s C o m m a n d e s f e r m e s P la n n in g o p é r a t io n n e l d e la q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s à c o u r t t e r m e O r d o n n a n c e m e n t R é s e r v e r d e la c a p a c it é C o m m a n d e s e n r e g is t r é e s L a n c e r le s a c t io n s q u a lit é E n r e g is t r e r le s E / S d e p iè c e s L a n c e m e n t A f f e c t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s H = 1 A n n é e ( s ) 2 0 P = 6 M o is H = 6 M o is 3 0 P = 1 M o is H = 1 M o is 4 0 P = 1 S e m a in e ( s ) T e m p s R é e l 5 0 H = 3 A n n é e ( s ) 1 0 P = 1 A n n é e ( s ) I n f o e x t e r n e sG é r e r la Q u a lit é G Q G é r e r le s P r o d u it s G P P la n if ie r P L G é r e r le s R e s s o u r c e s G R Y D - M H G1 7 / 0 9 / 2 0 0 01G r ille G lo b a leS G Q 3 - 6 V 2 A n a l y s t eD a t e d e C r é a t i o nV e r s i o nP h a s eN o m G r i l l eE t u d e I M A G I M P r é v is io n s d e v e n t e s B e s o in s c lie n t s D é f in ir e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e q u a lit é P o lit iq u e d 'a c h a t s e t d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s B u d g e t D é f in i e t r é v is e r la p o lit iq u e d 'e m b a u c h e e t d 'é q u ip e m e n t P r é v is io n s d e c o m m a n d e s R e v u e d e d ir e c t io n q u a lit é F ix e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n D ir e c t e u r d e P r o d u c t io n R é s iv e r le p la n n in g d e s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s p r o d u it s f in is C a r n e t d e c o m m a n d e P la n d 'a c t io n s q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s d 'a p p r o v is io n n e m e n t s P la n d e c h a r g e A ju s t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s S t o c k s d e p iè c e s C o m m a n d e s f e r m e s P la n n in g o p é r a t io n n e l d e la q u a lit é A ju s t e r le s p a r a m è t r e s à c o u r t t e r m e O r d o n n a n c e m e n t R é s e r v e r d e la c a p a c it é C o m m a n d e s e n r e g is t r é e s L a n c e r le s a c t io n s q u a lit é E n r e g is t r e r le s E / S d e p iè c e s L a n c e m e n t A f f e c t e r le s r e s s o u r c e s • A Complex Object, that is progressively built during the Innovation Project Creativity Feasibility Prototyping Engineering
  30. 30. KIF in Action 30 Whiteboard Diary Doc Network W1 W2 W3 W4 DocOnto DomOnto BusOnto PerfOnto ! Idea AROnto ProcOnto Final InnoBoK Video: www.youtube.com/watch?v=yogYkf-wRKQ Innovation Teams Next: 6/6.OpenInnov-Conclsion

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