Commercializing Miscanthus as a Feedstock www.REPREVERenewables.com www.FreedomGiantMiscanthus.com Nov 3, 2010 Southeast B...
Giant Miscanthus 101
Miscanthus x giganteus Perennial Energy Grass, Yielding 20+ Tons/Acre
Giant Miscanthus <ul><li>The best crop in the SE for growth of cellulosic material </li></ul><ul><li>Many benefits: </li><...
<ul><li>Giant miscanthus identified as a C4 perennial crop with huge biomass potential:  up to 25 tons/acre/yr,  dependent...
 
Miscanthus is not switchgrass.
<ul><li>Developed by Dr. Brian Baldwin at MSU, through 12 years of biomass crop study and selection for superior traits. <...
<ul><li>“ We see a lot of potential in Freedom giant miscanthus --it’s the most promising of the hundreds of miscanthus cu...
The Brief Story: <ul><li>Began with small amount of rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Decided on certified “Foundation Stock” bec...
Yield Model: Year 1-5 2-3 Tons/Acre 1 8 Tons/Acre 2 13-15 Tons/Acre 3 18-22 Tons/Acre 4 22-25  Tons/Acre 5 <ul><li>Establi...
At Planting Time, Marginal Soil Example
1st Year Plot, August & October
Same plot, 2nd year June, 2010 July, 2010
6th Year Plot. Growing at MSU. No fertilizer.
<ul><li>Little to no fertilizer needs </li></ul><ul><li>Highly drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>No known pests </li></ul...
<ul><li>New growth from rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Plant is sterile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triploid = seed sterile </li></u...
Rhizomes
Freedom Material Characteristics Moisture Content At Harvest ~ 12% BTU Values: As Harvested ~ 7,250/lb Dry Basis ~ 8,200/l...
Yield Comparisons
 
Biomass Yields for SE <ul><li>3-5X the yield of timber & switchgrass </li></ul><ul><li>Almost double the yield of other gi...
1 Acre of Freedom 28 tons total over first three years 20-25 tons/yr each year thereafter 288 tons after 16-years of harve...
Grower Economics
Grower Economics
Grower Economics
Grower Economics
Scaling-Up:  Our Growth Model
The Innovator’s Dilemma: <ul><li>You can always tell who the pioneers are…   </li></ul><ul><li>They’re the ones with the a...
Efforts Going Forward: <ul><li>500+ acres of Foundation planted </li></ul><ul><li>Demo plots in 10 states </li></ul><ul><u...
Greenhouse for Trials/Research Also utilized greenhouses and fields to accelerate propagation
500 Acres of Foundation Stock
Southeast Demo Plots
Supply Chain Logistics
The Supply Chain Doesn’t Exist <ul><li>Must create a supply chain, not just acreage </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest, propagation...
Harvesting <ul><li>In-field bailing – varies by equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 4’x4’x8’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Storage Requirements & Options <ul><li>Ease of storage allows for year-around supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual storage ...
Handling and Conveyance
Transportation Efficiencies
Densification <ul><li>Shreds and Briquettes </li></ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Shredding, Hammer-milling and pell...
Field of Freedom Giant Miscanthus
Thank you for your time. Contact: Phillip Jennings [email_address]
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SE Biomass Conference Presentation

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Given at the Southeast Biomass Conference & Expo, November 2010.

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SE Biomass Conference Presentation

  1. 1. Commercializing Miscanthus as a Feedstock www.REPREVERenewables.com www.FreedomGiantMiscanthus.com Nov 3, 2010 Southeast Biomass Conference & Expo
  2. 2. Giant Miscanthus 101
  3. 3. Miscanthus x giganteus Perennial Energy Grass, Yielding 20+ Tons/Acre
  4. 4. Giant Miscanthus <ul><li>The best crop in the SE for growth of cellulosic material </li></ul><ul><li>Many benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Yield & Profit Potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Benefits & Cost Sharing (BCAP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Inputs & Production Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care-free Growth </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Giant miscanthus identified as a C4 perennial crop with huge biomass potential: up to 25 tons/acre/yr, dependent upon: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Culture practices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil Class </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Height up to 15 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Dormant harvest: nutrients & moisture senesce back to roots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10-15% Moisture Content at harvest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequesters Carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Returns minerals back to roots </li></ul></ul>Giant Miscanthus:
  6. 7. Miscanthus is not switchgrass.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Developed by Dr. Brian Baldwin at MSU, through 12 years of biomass crop study and selection for superior traits. </li></ul><ul><li>The only variety MEANT FOR the Southeast. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom is the only University-released, named, certified strain of giant miscanthus. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>“ We see a lot of potential in Freedom giant miscanthus --it’s the most promising of the hundreds of miscanthus cultivars we’ve evaluated over the years, and it’s light years ahead of any of the other grasses.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Dr. Brian Baldwin, MSU </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Brief Story: <ul><li>Began with small amount of rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Decided on certified “Foundation Stock” because of importance of purity </li></ul><ul><li>Began propagating commercially </li></ul><ul><li>Now licensing growers throughout SE </li></ul><ul><li>Began talks with end-users on contracted biomass </li></ul><ul><li>Now, in 2010: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 acres of Foundation -- and over 5,000,000 rhizomes planted to date </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Yield Model: Year 1-5 2-3 Tons/Acre 1 8 Tons/Acre 2 13-15 Tons/Acre 3 18-22 Tons/Acre 4 22-25 Tons/Acre 5 <ul><li>Establishment </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicides </li></ul><ul><li>Little Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Little Herbicides </li></ul><ul><li>Full Yield </li></ul><ul><li>20+ Year Life </li></ul>Stem Crown Size at Ground
  11. 12. At Planting Time, Marginal Soil Example
  12. 13. 1st Year Plot, August & October
  13. 14. Same plot, 2nd year June, 2010 July, 2010
  14. 15. 6th Year Plot. Growing at MSU. No fertilizer.
  15. 16. <ul><li>Little to no fertilizer needs </li></ul><ul><li>Highly drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>No known pests </li></ul><ul><li>Dense growth crowds out weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrients returned to soil each year </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow on Marginal Soils </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 neutral, or negative energy source: Carbon credits </li></ul><ul><li>~ 12% Moisture Content at Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 25 tons per acre yield </li></ul>Attributes & Benefits Driving Growth
  16. 17. <ul><li>New growth from rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Plant is sterile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triploid = seed sterile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiplication is by plant division </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 rhizomes per acre </li></ul>Giant Miscanthus Growth
  17. 18. Rhizomes
  18. 19. Freedom Material Characteristics Moisture Content At Harvest ~ 12% BTU Values: As Harvested ~ 7,250/lb Dry Basis ~ 8,200/lb Wood as harvested: ~ 4,600/lb Ash Content: ~ 3%
  19. 20. Yield Comparisons
  20. 22. Biomass Yields for SE <ul><li>3-5X the yield of timber & switchgrass </li></ul><ul><li>Almost double the yield of other giant miscanthus </li></ul>
  21. 23. 1 Acre of Freedom 28 tons total over first three years 20-25 tons/yr each year thereafter 288 tons after 16-years of harvest 18+ tons/year cumulative yield 12-15% Moisture Content
  22. 24. Grower Economics
  23. 25. Grower Economics
  24. 26. Grower Economics
  25. 27. Grower Economics
  26. 28. Scaling-Up: Our Growth Model
  27. 29. The Innovator’s Dilemma: <ul><li>You can always tell who the pioneers are… </li></ul><ul><li>They’re the ones with the arrows in their backs. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Efforts Going Forward: <ul><li>500+ acres of Foundation planted </li></ul><ul><li>Demo plots in 10 states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor, research growth & yields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn best approach for each region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ongoing Research with MSU </li></ul><ul><li>2011: We can plant 20-30,000 acres from rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>2012+: Exponential growth in acreage </li></ul>
  29. 31. Greenhouse for Trials/Research Also utilized greenhouses and fields to accelerate propagation
  30. 32. 500 Acres of Foundation Stock
  31. 33. Southeast Demo Plots
  32. 34. Supply Chain Logistics
  33. 35. The Supply Chain Doesn’t Exist <ul><li>Must create a supply chain, not just acreage </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest, propagation equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediary forms: pellets, briquettes, torrefied </li></ul><ul><li>We’re participating and innovating at each of these steps </li></ul>
  34. 36. Harvesting <ul><li>In-field bailing – varies by equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 4’x4’x8’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>650 to 1,400 lbs per bale </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modified existing equipment and specialized equipment under development </li></ul>
  35. 37. Storage Requirements & Options <ul><li>Ease of storage allows for year-around supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual storage in-field with cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covered bales increase longevity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimal risk of internal combustion or rot/loss (low moisture content) </li></ul><ul><li>Bale handled with traditional tractors and forklifts </li></ul>
  36. 38. Handling and Conveyance
  37. 39. Transportation Efficiencies
  38. 40. Densification <ul><li>Shreds and Briquettes </li></ul><ul><li>Pellets </li></ul><ul><li>Shredding, Hammer-milling and pelletizing </li></ul><ul><li>EU Pellet Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Torrefied </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrophobic / Inert = outside storage </li></ul><ul><li>~20% yield loss; ~30% boost in btu value </li></ul>
  39. 41. Field of Freedom Giant Miscanthus
  40. 42. Thank you for your time. Contact: Phillip Jennings [email_address]

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