Name: Misa YamadaTopic: HIV and AidsPeriod: 1     Lack of Education Causes Thai Citizens to Obliviously Undergo Agony   Is...
increased.       To an extent, the government policy has been effective in the prevention ofHIV. At the preliminary stages...
the gay rights advocacy group, Thai Rainbow Club, believes that the Condom Pointproject will permit young sexually active ...
a meeting of the national Aids council (Cumming-Bruce). So as the Prime Minister atthe time, Thaksin Shinawatra did not at...
patients with HIV/Aids to have safe sex with other individuals by avoiding thetransmission of the HIV/Aids disease to some...
HIV/Aids (Cumming-Bruce). Thus this illustrates an articulate example that thegovernment does not take sufficient caution ...
Albeit the fact that the Thai government serves free medication to HIV/Aidspatients, the government has failed to achieve ...
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Hiv and aids final draft

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Hiv and aids final draft

  1. 1. Name: Misa YamadaTopic: HIV and AidsPeriod: 1 Lack of Education Causes Thai Citizens to Obliviously Undergo Agony Is the Thai government executing adequately to aid against the issue of HIV and Aids? “I wanna die. I wanna die” (Yuasa). Envision the lives of those whom havenothing left, but only suffer from abandonment, tender aches and dread in their lives.These sore emotions are what the patients in Thailand with the illness of HIV andAids undergo day by day. The initial case of Aids in Thailand was established in theyear of 1984 (Aids Data Hub). At that time a great number of HIV infections andAids resulted from various transmission techniques; injecting drug users (IDU),heterosexuals, homosexuals, and mother-to-child infections (Aids Data Hub). Soonafter the outburst, the government engaged the issue immediately, which resulted in ayear with positive feedbacks. From the years of 1987 to 1988, the HIV incidenceamongst injecting drug users in Bangkok went from 0% to 49%, but shortlyafterwards, an approximate of people who lived with HIV had decreased from660,000 in the year of 2001 to 610,000 in 2007 (Aids Data Hub). Before long, theprojected HIV rate gradually decreased as the government assisted with various waysof prevention. However, the government soon made alterations to numerous branchesof funds in Thailand, which devastated the HIV/Aids prevention strategies. Withfewer funds to aid the prevention strategies of HIV/Aids, it had impacted with a resultof an increase rate of HIV and Aids infections (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). Thus, while thegovernment has attempted to address the HIV/Aids issue in Thailand, the governmenthas not put sufficient effort into the crisis, as the rate of HIV/Aids infection has 1
  2. 2. increased. To an extent, the government policy has been effective in the prevention ofHIV. At the preliminary stages of the HIV/Aids issue, the battle against the increaseof HIV/Aids rate excelled during the late 1980’s through the 1990’s (Cumming-Bruce). In the role of Mechai Viravaidya; ex-deputy minister of industry and senator,he is Thailand’s leading family-planning advocate and HIV/Aids activist. Mr.Viravaidya has compelled an increase in countless attempts of promotion, in intentiontowards sexual safety awareness of HIV/Aids (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). Through Mr.Viravaidya’s endeavoring approaches to inhibit the increase of HIV/Aids rate, he setup a high portion of government funds towards educating about the concern of sexualsafety awareness and HIV/Aids to the young citizens of Thailand. As a result, Mr.Viravaidya’s prevention strategy succeeded with a decrease rate of HIV/Aidsinfections as well as informing the Thai citizens with knowledge about HIV/Aids(Morse). More recently, a venture of a national Aids prevention plan has been thoughtupon; the Condom Point (Fernquest). The recent prevention plan to decrease the HIV/Aids rate, is the dispense of free condoms and lubricant gel packs at entertainmentvenues such as discos, karaoke bars, fitness centers, saunas and beauty salons to targettowards gay men (Fernquest). Given that a high HIV transmission rate between menwho are having sex with men is from the result of unsafe sex (Fernquest). Accordingto the Public Health Ministry, it has also been expected that there will be anapproximate 10,097 new HIV cases this year, of which 30% of the new cases are ofmen having sex with men (Fernquest). In addition, Mr. Paijit Warachit, Public Healthsecretary stated that if a prevention plan is not formed, the group of men having sexwith men (MSM) could be accountable for half the total amount of new cases in thecountry for the next fourteen years. Moreover, Mr. Kittinan Thammatat; chairman of 2
  3. 3. the gay rights advocacy group, Thai Rainbow Club, believes that the Condom Pointproject will permit young sexually active men having sex with men with better accessto condoms as an effective tool in prevention of transmitting HIV/Aids or othersexually transmitted diseases, for instance syphilis and hepatitis. Toward the directionof promoting condom use, Mr. Thammatat is presently also in attempt to lower theprice of condoms. The reason desired to lower the costs of condoms is because a packof condoms costs around 40 to 50 baht, which is considered expensive to teenagers ofboth heterosexuals and homosexuals (Fernquest). With high costs of condoms, thisleads to the lack of condom use during sexual activities for protection, as condoms arenot commonly utilized among the young citizens of Thailand. So as a result, loweringthe costs of condoms may reduce the increase rate of sexual transmitted diseases. A vital extensive discriminatory issue in Thailand is the discriminationtowards people with HIV/Aids. Each and every entity has the entitlement to obtain theutmost respect as an individual. Although the utter rights to each individual is anopposition in Thailand. Individuals who are tested HIV-positive or contain Aids areleft behind by their family and friends, leaving the infected HIV/Aids patients with noone and nothing (Yuasa). Frequently, people infected with Aids travel to the templehospice on their own, even with their children from time to time, having no otherplace to go to (Yuasa). On occasions, some Aids patients are dropped off by theirfamily at the temple and have been abandoned by their families, since they do not seetheir families ever again (Yuasa). Even still after the deaths of Aids patients, mostfamilies do not return to the temple to get a hold of the bones (Yuasa). This clearlydemonstrates pessimistic discrimination to HIV/Aids patients. Promoter of safe sexand education on HIV/Aids activist, Mechai Viravaidya stated that ex-Prime Minister,Thaksin Shinawatra is the only one of seven Prime Ministers who have never attended 3
  4. 4. a meeting of the national Aids council (Cumming-Bruce). So as the Prime Minister atthe time, Thaksin Shinawatra did not attend the meeting of the national Aids council.This is also very apparent that the government is apathetic to the issue, which is also aform of discrimination towards the infected HIV/Aids patients. An additionaldiscriminatory factor towards patients with HIV/Aids is the illegal act of unlawfulrequirement of the HIV/Aids tests to permit employment (Gunawan Pratama…group). Illegitimately, whether the Thai law requires the HIV tests in order to allowthe consent of employment or not, it should not effect the factor of permittingemployment to an individual. Whether a person attains the HIV/Aids disease or not,an individual should not have to contend with a personal health issue, as it is injustice. The government has worked to some extent as the government policy hashelped people living with HIV. From the year 2001, the Thai government hasprovided the antiretroviral drug treatment (ART) free of charge to those with Aids.Originally, about 63 branded drugs were used to aid the patients with the disease inThailand, however an increase in the production of generic drugs within Thailand hasallowed the government to get a hold of the medication at a cheaper price ("AIDS inThailand."). An estimation of about 78 thousand aids patients has received theantiretroviral drug, which the Thai government provides to those in need at no cost(Cumming-Bruce). The provision of the free medical treatment of the antiretroviraldrug allows one who’s infected with Aids to live on with life accordingly. Also, asmentioned earlier, the “Condom Point” program is currently in launch toentertainment venues nationwide by next year in the prevention of HIV/Aidstransmissions. In which, the installations of the “Condom Points” will allow safesexual activities among heterosexuals and homosexuals which will hopefully decreasethe rate of HIV/Aids infections. The outcome of the “Condom Point” will allow 4
  5. 5. patients with HIV/Aids to have safe sex with other individuals by avoiding thetransmission of the HIV/Aids disease to someone else. So with free medicaltreatments to HIV/Aids patients and the “Condom Points”, the government helps boththe people who are infected with HIV/Aids and those who are not infected. While it is true that the government policy assists those who are tainted withthe HIV/Aids virus with antiretroviral medication, the government is not facilitatingfor everyone living with the HIV/Aids disease. Located northeast of Bangkok in LopBuri, is a home to innumerable HIV/Aids patients that have been abandoned. Acompassionate Buddhist monk, Alongkot Dikkapanya left his promising career in theengineering at the ministry of agriculture at the age of 26 to become a monk, and thensoon became a divinity figure to those without hope and faith. At the monks’ temple,he offers the abandoned aids patients’ shelter, food and medical treatments. Fromcontributions given from individual visitors and the Royal Family, the monk is able toprovide shelter, food and medicine (Yuasa). Excluding the government, they do notfund the Aids hospice to help support those who have no money, no job, and nofamily. Even though the government policy serves free antiretroviral medications toHIV/Aids patients, a considerable amount of money has been reduced in educationand prevention concerning HIV/Aids (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). Education towards Aidshas gone into ‘hibernation’ and the Thai citizens do not realize the outcomes of unsafesexual transmissions and unsafe injections (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). Hence the reasonto exhaust and overstress the importance of education to prevent the cause ofHIV/Aids infections is crucial. The occurrence of HIV/Aids infections betweenintravenous drug addicts still remains at about 40% or more. With the provision ofantiretroviral medication for HIV/Aids patients provided by the government, it has yetcause increases and constant HIV/Aids results. This is due to the lack of education on 5
  6. 6. HIV/Aids (Cumming-Bruce). Thus this illustrates an articulate example that thegovernment does not take sufficient caution towards all the people with HIV/Aids. Despite the fact that the government policy has been effective in theprevention of HIV, the truth of the matter is that the changes in government fundinghas led to an increase in HIV. By the reason that HIV/Aids has increased is of thedeficient amount spent towards educating about the effects of unprotected sex orunsafe needle use (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). Since the government funds reducedtowards the issue of HIV/Aids, the HIV/Aids disease has doubled since the year 2000in certain areas of southern Thailand. Also an increase HIV/Aids infections in thepercentage of gay and bisexual men has raised from 17.3% in the year of 2003 to23.8% in 2005 (Cumming-Bruce). Consequently, a number of risk groups have re-emerged, causing the infection rates among drug users, exploiting unsafe injectiontechniques as high as 50% (“AIDS SPECIAL…”). In result of the government funds,less than one percent of the country’s gross domestic product has been spent on healthpreventions, such as HIV/Aids. With less than one percent of the country’s grossdomestic product being spent towards health preventions, the amount of money usedtowards preventing HIV/Aids is not adequate (Fernquest). This clearly demonstratesthat the government lacks consideration towards the HIV/Aids issue. So thegovernment should further study the issue of HIV/Aids with acknowledgementtowards HIV/Aids prevention campaigns to resolve the result of increases inHIV/Aids infections. It is evident that the lack of education towards HIV/Aidsinfections is the main source in which the rate of HIV/Aids infections has increased.Therefore, educating the citizens of Thailand in regards towards the issue ofHIV/Aids can result in a positive aspect in the hopes of fighting and preventing theHIV/Aids disease. 6
  7. 7. Albeit the fact that the Thai government serves free medication to HIV/Aidspatients, the government has failed to achieve the prevention of HIV/Aids due toaltered government funds, causing the rate of HIV/Aids infections to increase, as wellas the prevention of discrimination towards HIV/Aids patients. The widespread ofdiscrimination towards people with HIV/Aids has not been in defense of those withHIV/Aids, thus prevents the patients with the permit of employment, family and themost important, love. As a final point, the HIV/Aids rate has increased due to the lackof funds to support the education of HIV/Aids. As well, the Thai government fallsshort in assisting each and every one of those who are infected with HIV/Aids, as theydo not aid hospices that provide a home, free shelter, food and medical care to theHIV/Aids victims. In consequence, it is apparent that the Thai government has notadequately situated the prevention of HIV/Aids issue to reduce the HIV/Aidsinfection rate. 7

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