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Prof. Shamit Saggar: Sympathy for terrorism: inspecting the evidence

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Prof. Shamit Saggar: Sympathy for terrorism: inspecting the evidence

  1. 1. Sympathy for terrorism: inspecting the evidence Shamit Saggar ISER, University of Essex International conference „Integration Challenges in a Radicalizing World“ 29 – 30 November 2016, Tallinn, Estonia
  2. 2. Overview The circle of tacit support for violent extremism a) what are the key gaps in the evidence base? b) is there a relationship between non-violent extremism and violent extremism? c) what is the sensible place for government to intervene?
  3. 3. The circle of tacit support Extremist action including violence Moderate, mainstream Circle of tacit support for extremism When you see what’s going on in Israel, something comes into your mind, something just goes.” [Mohammed Zahid, 23, quoted in NYTimes, 5/03, following Tel Aviv suicide bombing]
  4. 4. Gaps in policy-relevant knowledge • Timeliness and availability • Muslim identity as a collective transcending identity • Objective exclusion / subjective marginalization • Newtonian principles • Organizational behaviour
  5. 5. Violent and non-violent extremism • The human condition • Expressing sympathy vs condoning violence • Muslim identity as a replacement identity due to alienation • Trust in institutions • Political efficacy/influence • Participation • Sense of belonging • Misplaced attention on Muslim integration
  6. 6. Government intervention I • Aligning research insights with policy instruments: • Authority – laying down rules in advance - monitoring compliance and shrewd use of enforcement • Transactional – specifying outputs in advance and holding others to account for these • Persuasional – collaboration, co- production through invitation, cajoling, criticism, praise, etc. • Boomerang traps: e.g. tackling violent extremism – erosion of trust erosion and problem multiplication
  7. 7. Government intervention I I 1. Levels and patterns of social exclusion - e.g. in the labour market, in schools, etc. 2. Trending toward isolation or connectedness – e.g. particular key elements of bridging and bonding social capital 3. Presence of an external reference or oppositional rallying call – e.g. “left behind” groups and Pakistanis and Bangladeshis 4. Dynamics of global Islam – e.g. the “hotness” of these influences in Britain > Better engagement with BMCs by government > Fostering greater capacity within mainstream Islam > More informed choices in policing extremism and marginalising tacit support for extremism > Greater sensitising of existing public policy, e.g. in education, family law, citizen redress, etc. > Building improved human capital and delivering economic integration Key policy choices √
  8. 8. Presentation given at International conference Integration Challenges in a Radicalising World 29 – 30 November 2016 in Tallinn, Estonia For more conference materials and presentations please visit www.misakonverents.ee

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