Present Perfect FORM AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLEI have been to London three times.She has seen the ﬁlm.They have gone to school by bus.
Present Perfect AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENTI have studied a lot for this exam.She has eaten all the food!We have met before.
Present Perfect NEGATIVE SENTENCESSUBJECT + AUX+ NOT +PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENTI haven’t (have +not) studied a lot for thisexam.She hasn’t (has + not) eaten anything!We haven’t met before.
Present Perfect yes/no ? AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Have you seen my new coat? Yes, I have /No, I haven’tHas she phoned her mother? Yes, she has /No, she hasn’tHave they ﬁnished their homework? Yes,they have / No, they haven’t
Present Perfect WH- ? WH + AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Where have you been?What has she bought?How much money have you spent on thatcar?
Present Perfect WHEN DO WE USE THEPRESENT PERFECT TENSE?
Present PerfectTo talk about experiences and things thathappened before now.The time is not speciﬁed or important. They have always lived here. We have met before.
Present PerfectTo talk about recent events or an action whichstarted in the past and continues now. They have been married for 15 years. He has written two books and is working on another one.
Present PerfectFor something that happened in the past but isstill important at the time of speaking. I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys. She isn’t here. She’s gone shopping.