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Fancy a drink?
Summary
Dear all,Dear all,
Thank you for your input in the Fancy a drink
discussion.
This is how you ranked the various exponents
...
Could I offer you something to drink?Could I offer you something to drink?
5 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Y...
Could I offer you something to drink?
• at a formal night gatherings, a man and
woman relationship
• for guests at a forma...
Fancy a drink?
• 1 (Larisa, Gulia, Viktoria, Michaela, Thomas, Galiya, Sherzod) 2
(Martina, Nevena, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla,...
Fancy a drink?
• At a night bar/night club/café, a man offering a woman a drink, or it
could be a situation where man is t...
Would you like a drink?
4 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Viktoria, Yana, Alla, Velmira,
Marcia, Michaela,Thom...
Would you like a drink?
• an office when a secretary offers a drink to a guest (any time
during the day)
• used with colle...
Do you want a drink?
• 3 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Viktoria, Yana,
Alla, Velimira, Marcia, Thomas, Eveli...
Do you want a drink?
• relatives, friends, co-workers and etc. The place can be
different, for example at home, in the par...
I would be delighted to offer you some
refreshment. What would you like?
• 6 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Y...
I would be delighted to offer you some
refreshment. What would you like?
• The president of a country visits an ordinary p...
I would be delighted to offer you some
refreshment. What would you like?
• (a host to his guest, probably a highly-regarde...
Coffee?
• 2 (Larisa, Gulia, Viktoria, Thomas, Galiya, Sherzod) 1 (Martina,
Nevena, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla, Velimira, Marcia...
Coffee?
• between some friends, probably adults when they get
together to do something. And when they take a break
from th...
Conclusion
– Getting the level of formality right is often termed
appropriacy.
– Context (situation, place, time) and the
...
Conclusion
• While many functions can be attributed to specific
exponents, (Why don’t you... = giving advice; Could
you…= ...
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Fancy a drink summary.pptx

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Fancy a drink summary.pptx

  1. 1. Fancy a drink? Summary
  2. 2. Dear all,Dear all, Thank you for your input in the Fancy a drink discussion. This is how you ranked the various exponents according to their formality/ appropriacy and the situations and relationship between the speakers using these exponents. You can find some conclusions regarding exponents and their functions at the end of this presentation.
  3. 3. Could I offer you something to drink?Could I offer you something to drink? 5 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla, Velimira, Thomas, Inna, Evelina, Galiya, Pavla, Gergana, Sherzod) 6 (Viktoria, Marcia) • possibly gentleman to lady who he is trying to start a conversation; • in an expensive/posh restaurant/café or one with polite waiters when they take orders; at a plane said by air-hostess • delegates attending a conference. The host offers the attendees drinks
  4. 4. Could I offer you something to drink? • at a formal night gatherings, a man and woman relationship • for guests at a formal dinner party, or a business meeting where they take drink orders, this would be offered to somebody that they are not so familiar with • a host of a house or a party • polite asking to social or business acquaintances
  5. 5. Fancy a drink? • 1 (Larisa, Gulia, Viktoria, Michaela, Thomas, Galiya, Sherzod) 2 (Martina, Nevena, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla, Velimira, Marcia, Evelina, Pavla, Gergana Inna) • A teenage speaker to another teenage speaker, boy to girl, at a party, at home or at a friend’s house i.e. in a very informal situation • at home, at friends'. The relationship between speakers is close- they are either family or friends, probably adults. Such question can be asked at any time but let’s say after lunch time while they are talking
  6. 6. Fancy a drink? • At a night bar/night club/café, a man offering a woman a drink, or it could be a situation where man is trying to get to know the woman better by offering her a drink • between two friends, or a man asking out a woman. Short and to the point. It implies, in my opinion, that alcohol would be drunk • between two close friends who are young. They may be coursemates, roommates etc. It can also happen at the party when a new guest comes. I think this phrase is normal for students' community • at the office in the coffee corner (close colleagues) • A friend to another friend, it could be a situation after work, a friend informally suggesting going for a drink and maybe have some fun too – somehow I feel this drink is a alcohol
  7. 7. Would you like a drink? 4 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Viktoria, Yana, Alla, Velmira, Marcia, Michaela,Thomas, Evelina, Galiya, Pavla, Gergana, Sherzod 3(Inna) • in an official/formal setting, or a host trying to be polite to their guest • this could be in a professional environment, in a meeting at the company or in a restaurant. Speakers are either colleagues or managers and this question could be also asked by a waiter in a restaurant. • A waiter in a restaurant or in a in a cafe offering a client a drink/in a restaurant, a waiter asking a client/This might be said at a restaurant by a waiter to customers
  8. 8. Would you like a drink? • an office when a secretary offers a drink to a guest (any time during the day) • used with colleagues during official dinner, familiar and non- familiar people at work, cafe, meeting • people that we should treat politely - older people, clients, teachers, simply in an official kind of interaction, e.g. a businessman offering an important client a drink. • people they don't not know very well • in an office between a boss and a visitor, coming to him to discuss something • in a plane, between an air hostess and a passenger ; at any time of the day.; the word "would" makes this sentence more formal;
  9. 9. Do you want a drink? • 3 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Viktoria, Yana, Alla, Velimira, Marcia, Thomas, Evelina, Galiya, Pavla, Gergana, Sherzod) 2 (Michaela, Inna) • casual phrase for very casual occasion • direct offer, friend to friend, in an unofficial/informal situation (a visit or s.th similar); • at the Zoo. Mum or Dad asks his child whether they are thirsty. • two acquaintances are chatting at a disco. One of them is heading for the bar and offers the other a drink • two housewives which are going to discuss some gossip in the afternoon having a cup of coffee or tea
  10. 10. Do you want a drink? • relatives, friends, co-workers and etc. The place can be different, for example at home, in the park, in the café, at work place and etc. It can be after lunch time or evening as well • close friends, family – at a friend’s house, at home, in a coffee shop, at a restaurant • wife asking her husband if he wants a drink with his lunch) or • somebody who started learning English use this phrase • at home, at friends’ house, at the café, at a restaurant, at work after working hours; at breakfast, lunchtime, dinnertime or at any time of the day; people who are not very close with; this is a sentence between informal and formal language, basic everyday speech
  11. 11. I would be delighted to offer you some refreshment. What would you like? • 6 (Larisa, Martina, Nevena, Gulia, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla, Velmira, Michaela, Thomas, Evelina, Galiya, Pavla, Gergana, Sherzod) 5 (Viktoria) • formal occasion. Hearer in high authority. Maybe a hostess to an extremely important guest • very polite. It could be a rich businessman with manners or a politician that is meeting an important person. The speaker is showing respect to his guest. So this can happen at the Parliament bar, Hotel Ritz lobby bar (waiter to a VIP guest) or in a film from the 19th century about an aristocratic family
  12. 12. I would be delighted to offer you some refreshment. What would you like? • The president of a country visits an ordinary people in their home. The host offers a drink. • It could be at a dinner party, or where there is a formal atmosphere "refreshment" I guess would be considered a formal word • At a top restaurant or formal evening reception and two guests, a man wearing a tuxedo and a woman wearing an evening dress. He's trying to get to know and flirt with her • by a manager to a partner. Let’s say it’s happening in the restaurant near a business conference hall after some business negotiations. It’s closer to evening time. • people from the Victorian age at an official reception
  13. 13. I would be delighted to offer you some refreshment. What would you like? • (a host to his guest, probably a highly-regarded one, e.g. a company hosting representatives from their partner company abroad • official conference or a public function, where the waiter offers refreshment to the guests or visitors • used either by Bre Van de Kamp from the Desperate Housewives while serving her guests or by the Queen of the United Kingdom. • at a restaurant or at public and private meetings; at any time of the day; my father’s polite words (told in Bulgarian) towards people from the Japanese delegation who arrived in Bulgaria together with their interpreter. They were invited by my father to our cottage many years ago • Special club for laity, In very expensive or extravagant restaurant or on meeting of politicians
  14. 14. Coffee? • 2 (Larisa, Gulia, Viktoria, Thomas, Galiya, Sherzod) 1 (Martina, Nevena, Elizabeth, Yana, Alla, Velimira, Marcia, Inna, Evelina, Pavla, Gergana) 3 (Michaela) • At a family's table in the morning; A wife and a husband are having breakfast on Sunday. The husband offers coffee to his wife, holding the coffee • at home, at friends'. The relationship between speakers is close- they are either family or friends, could also be young people. • asking a friend or coworker if they want coffee, maybe just as an off hand thought to offer while they themselves are getting coffee
  15. 15. Coffee? • between some friends, probably adults when they get together to do something. And when they take a break from their activity the time for this question comes • friends, colleagues, family - casual situation - a guy going to a coffee machine for a cup of coffee, offering his colleague one as well. In some situations such an utterance can have a connotative meaning as well. I think when a person says this, it doesn't mean just the drink, it might mean an invitation for a longer chat - there can be something what needs to be discussed or gossiped about • during the picnic in countryside, between family members
  16. 16. Conclusion – Getting the level of formality right is often termed appropriacy. – Context (situation, place, time) and the relationship between speaker and listener / writer and audience are important factors to consider when selecting an exponent.
  17. 17. Conclusion • While many functions can be attributed to specific exponents, (Why don’t you... = giving advice; Could you…= polite requests, etc,) the context in which a particular exponent is used can also be crucially important. For example, Could you turn down the lights? might be a polite request when used between colleagues, but an order if the boss is talking to a subordinate. In these situations, intonation and power relationships are often a marker of the actual function.

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