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Chocolate

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Chocolate

  1. 1. The History of Chocolate 1500-400 BC Native to Central and South America cocoa or cacao grew wild. The Olmecs are believed to be the first to cultivate cocoa. 600 BC-800 AD Mayans used it for ceremonial rites, festivities and a cure-all.
  2. 2. AD 900 Toltec people and the god Quetzalcoatl was exiled for sharing the cocoa bean with ordinary people. Would return as a “fair-skinned, bearded man to save the earth.” 1502 First European encountered cocoa…
  3. 3. 1518 Hernando Cortes to conquer the Aztec empire led by Montezuma. Destruction of the Aztec nation. During this time chocolate was consumed as a drink, using a metate and metalpili.
  4. 4. 1615 Anne of Austria, daughter of Spanish royalty, introduced cocoa to France The nuns of Puebla, Mexico are credited for adding sugar to cocoa… Far more palatable!
  5. 5. 1650 Makes its way to London, only available to those with money Became one of the most important medicines in apothecaries. Quakers responsible for turning chocolate more akin to the bars we know today.
  6. 6. Chocolate as we know it 1820s Van Hoeten patented the worlds first cocoa press 1824 John Cadbury opened first shop in Birmingham
  7. 7. 1875 Swiss born Daniel Peter changed chocolate by adding condensed milk made by Henri Nestle. 1879 Rudolphe Lindt discovered conching by accident
  8. 8. 1909 British Quaker Cos persuaded chocolate makers of Europe to boycott Portuguese West African cocoa. Trade moved to Gold and Ivory Coast. Africa now grows 80% of the world’s chocolate.
  9. 9. US is not renowned for fine chocolate, but… Lindt Marcolini Green and Black’s Amedei Bonnat Barry Callebaut
  10. 10. Now for the Skinny on Chocolate Contains Flavonols Cardiovascular and antihypertensive effects Calcium Calories from fat and carbohydrates
  11. 11. A Closer Look All have 70 Cals/serving ~15 chips Fat varies, although white wins with ~80% of cals from fat, whereas milk and dark have ~65%
  12. 12. Conclusions Chocolate is not a health food in the strict sense of the term, but it can increase quality of life. Can get flavonols (and other vitamins and minerals) from many fruits and vegetables, e.g.: grapes, cherries, berries, broccoli, kale Study on ‘dessert pouch’ CocoaVia, omega-3s added
  13. 13. Enjoy the Chocolate!

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