Name at least one similarity and
two differences between the early
nation of Israel and Babylonia
Israelites and Babylonians both had written
codes of law. Both were created because of
Israel- Israelites believed that god made a
covenant, or agreement with Moses. They also
believed in monotheism which is the belief in
Babylon- Babylonians had Hammurabi’s Code
of Laws which was a written collection of 282
laws that were very harsh. They believed in
more than one god.
What did the Assyrians do when
they conquered the northern
kingdom of Israel, which was later
reverted by Cyrus the Great?
Scattered many Israelites across
Cyrus the Great allowed the Jews
who had been prisoners in Babylon
to return to their homeland
What about Hammurabi made him
so different from rulers before him?
He established a system of laws in
his empire and he wrote down all of
those laws so that everyone could
What was positive about the Code
It protected the weaker people form
the more powerful people
even the king had to abide by the
How did the Hammurabi and his
rules affect people, especially
criminals, in Babylon?
Criminal behavior decreased
because people feared
If the Chaldeans were so
successful in taking over
Mesopotamia, why was the empire
struggling after a short while?
The Chaldeans built beautiful
building projects that were very
expensive which caused people to
starve because there was not
Why did the Assyrian empire
eventually fall if the Assyrian kings
were able to build such a strong
and successful empire at the
The people being ruled hated the
Assyrian kings and rebelled.
How was the religion of the
Israelites different from other
beliefs in Mesopotamia?
The Israelites were monothestists
and believe in only one god.