causes• Political: nationalism, to be the most powerful country by ruling many other countries• Economical: to use other countrys resources Religious• Ideological: believed that their race was better and had to civilize other people by teaching them• Exploratory: people wanted to explore new lands for mapping
Political/Military reasons• Motives were based on a nations desire to gain power, to compete with other European countries, to expand territory, to exercise military force, to gain prestige by winning colonies, and to boost national pride and security (Nationalism)
Economic• motives included the desire to make money, to expand and control foreign trade, to create new markets for products, to acquire raw materials and cheap labor, to compete for investments and resources, and to export industrial technology and transportation methods.
Cultural/Religious• Motives included the desire to spread Christianity, to protect European missionaries in other lands, to spread European values and moral beliefs, to educate peoples of other cultures, and to end slave trade in Africa.
Different types of rule• Colony: a city, state or other territory set up at a distance by emigrants• Protectorate: country with its own government but under the control of an outside power• Sphere of influence: an area which the outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges• Economic imperialism: Economic imperialism is the economic analysis of things such as sociology, religion, crime, and war.• Direct: sending officials and soldiers from France to administer their colonies• Indirect: to govern colonies they used sultans , chiefs, or other local ruling
Western Advantages of advantages nativesWell organized , strongeconomies ,powerfularmies and navies
Pos. Effects V.s Neg. Affects• Disadvantages: caused wars / tension among the European countries, led to wars to country that were not European• Advantages: The land occupied could also be helped to evolve to the Western countries, it showed the country had power therefore would fend off other countries, when war erupts the countries could help each other.