French revolution events (chronology)

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French revolution events (chronology)

  1. 1. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION Events Edurne Gizarte dep. Asti leku
  2. 2. May 1789 THE SUMMONING OF T HE ESTATES GENERAL In May 1789 Luis XVI called the Estates Generals. Objective: to solve financial difficulties by changing the taxation system Conflict with the voting system 2 proposals. 1 estate 1 vote -3rd estate´s proposal = 1 person 1 vote -1st and 2nd estate´s proposal = First , in 1788 the nobility was asked to pay some taxes And they said NO Before the meeting each estate completed a CAHIERS DE DOLEANCES with complains and petitions to the king
  3. 3. COMPOSITION OF THE ESTATES GENERAL 1ST ESTATE - CLERGY 291 representatives 2ND ESTATE – NOBILITY 270 representatives 3RD ESTATE – THE COMMONS 578 representatives
  4. 4. Very angry representatives of the 3rd estate + some nobles + some members of the low clergy abandoned the meeting to go to the TENNIS COURT of Paris and there : -They formed THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Regarding themselves As representatives of The whole French nation -They swore not to separate until they wrote a Constitution for France THE OATH OF THE TENNIS COURT Louis XVI didn´t accept the National Assembly and .......... JUNE 1789
  5. 5. THE STORMING OF THE BASTILLE When the Paris mob knew about the rejection of the king , they attacked the prison of The Bastille (symbol of royal authority) As a consequence Louis XVI accepted the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY July 1789
  6. 6. The NATIONAL ASSEMBLY was in power . They took the name of NATIONAL CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY because their objective was To write a Constitution for France In the meantime they wrote THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS OF THE MAN AND THE CITICENS It signified the end of the estate-based society in France ANCIEN REGIME
  7. 7. Louis XVI was captured in Varennes trying to flee France and the royal family was imprisoned Alliance of Austria and Prussia against France JUNE 1791
  8. 8. SEPTEMBER 1791 The 1 st CONSTITUTION of France was approved Conseq. France became a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY (Constitution + monarch) Louis XVI still alive The National Constituent Assembly was dissolved and a new government was chosen LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
  9. 9. Rivalries between the revolutionaries: -GIRONDINS (moderates) High bourgeoisie -Small changes and slowly -JACOBINS(radicals) Low bourgeoisie and urban artisans -Big changes and quickly -They wanted to eliminate Louis XVI -The economic situation got worse and the political situation became more radical -The Paris mob protested again asking for more changes and the jacobins took the power New government of jacobins NATIONAL CONVENTION: 1792 -They wanted to respect the king´s life -They were in power only during the government of the National Convention Sans -culottes
  10. 10. The government of the National Convention condemned the king to the guillotine and Louis XVI was beheaded. France became a REPUBLIC JANUARY 1793 The leader of the jacobins was ROBESPIERRE became a dictator THE REIGN OF TERROR
  11. 11. -Reaction of the girondins ( moderate revolutionaries) New government:THE DIRECTORY1795-1799 (high bourgeoisie in power) -Militar success of Napoleon Bonaparte against the Allies States -Coup détat of Napoleon and he put a new government THE CONSULATE -Napoleon + 2 consuls (militars ) in power -Strong power -He applied revolutionary ideas with the approval of the high bourgeoisi 1799-1804
  12. 12. In 1804 Napoleon declared himself Emperor and France became an EMPIRE
  13. 13. In 1813, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain formed a coalition and they defeated Napoleon and Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated the throne. He was sent to the island of Elba. Napoleon returned to France having escaped from of Elba. At the Battle of Waterloo fought June18, 1815, Wellington, the British commander, helped by Marshal Blucher of Prussia, beat Napoleon. The Duke of Wellington The battle of Waterloo
  14. 14. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION PERIODS 1789 THE ESTATES GENERALS 1789-1791 THE NATIONAL CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY 1791-1792 THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 1792-1794 THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 1795-1799 THE DIRECTORY
  15. 15. CONSEQUENCES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION The bourgeoisie obtained political power France became a Republic Republicanism appeared first in France The idea of representative government (social contract) People giving authority to the Government Liberal ideas (ideas of the Enlightenment )were established In France -written constitutions -freedom -equality -suffrage -private property Birth of the class-based society End of the Ancien Regime in France -estate-based society -absolutism
  16. 16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ORqTv6CGm5Q&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IF4lPWU_qxY&feature=related http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sans_culottes Interesting links

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