Eco Tourism in Bulgaria
➢Exquisite natural diversity
➢Favourable climate providing opportunities for
round-the-year recreation and sports
➢A network of protected territories - 3 national parks,
9 nature parks, 89 reserves
➢Diverse flora and fauna
➢37 000 km marked mountain trails, eco-paths in hilly
and mountain regions
➢2 natural sites included in the UNESCO
World Nature Heritage list;
➢Possibilities for bird watching, rare plants and
geological sites observation, photo-safari, rock
climbing, hiking, caving, snowshoeing, riding,
fishing, cycling, rafting, delta and paragliding
What are greenways?
Greenways are routes, trails or natural corridors used in harmony
with their ecological function and potential for sports, tourism,
recreation and transportation.
Who uses greenways?
-active way of life (e.g. walking, jogging, cycling, skating, etc.);
-safe and sustainable mobility (commuting to work, getting to
school, shop, playground, getting out from town to nature).
Tourists and visitors:
-routes and trails for hiking and cycling (tours, trips...)
-trails and paths for heritage interpretation, getting to scenic
places, view points, etc.
History of hiking in Bulgaria
The first hiking and tourist society in Bulgaria was founded on August 27,
1895 by Bulgarian writer and nature-lover Aleko Konstantinov on the top of
Cherni Vrah (2290 m)
Along with some 300
people, he walked
from the centre of
present-day Sofia up
to the highest peak on
Mt Vitosha, Cherni
Тhe society transformed into the present Bulgarian Tourist
Union, and the anniversary of its founding is marked yearly
on the last Sunday of August. A couple of days after the
original event Aleko published an enthusiastic article under
the title "Unbelievable but True: 300 People on Cherni Vrah."
The variety and beauty of the Bulgarian nature provide
excellent opportunities for ecological tourism - hiking in the
protected territories along some of the many eco trails,
watching birds and animals, visiting caves and natural sites,
conquering peaks, learning about the unique flora, picking
herbs and mushrooms, etc.
What unites all these pleasant activities is
the proximity to nature and the friendly and
responsible attitude towards it.
European Long Distance Trails
E3: Santiago de Compostela (Es)
- Emine (Bg), 6950 km
Bulgaria: 700 km, Mount Kom
to cape Emine on the Black Sea.
E4: Gibraltar -Pyrenees - Lake
Constance – Balaton - Rila Kreta - Cyprus
Its length is more than
10,000 km, but the route
through Romania and part of
Bulgaria is not yet completely
E8: Dorsey Head (Irl) –Mount
Rhodopi (Bg), 4390 km
Irish Sea - Rhein - Main Donau -Karpaten - Rhodopi
Hiking routes in Bulgaria
Hiking trails exist in all the mountain ranges in
Bulgaria: Rila, Pirin, Stara planina, Rodopes, Sredna
Gora, Vitocha (vicinity of Sofia). In all almost 35000
km are marked.
Most popular tours:
► Daily hiking tours starting from Sofia
► Hiking trek in Pirin and Rila mountains
► Hiking trek in Vitosha, Pirin and Rodopi
► The riddles of Rila Mountain
► In the steps of Orpheus
► Self-drive in Pirin and Rodopi mountains
► Snowshoeing trek in Vitosha and Rila mountains
Eco-paths in Bulgaria
A dense network of eco-paths covers Bulgaria. New
paths are constantly built in the country, thus giving
access to more natural sights and interesting places.
A place, which is popular among the nature admirers, is
the Emenska (Negovanska) eco path, near Veliko
Tarnovo. Its crossing takes about three hours. The route
passes the so-called Emenski Canyon.
The Dryanovo eco trail begins near the Dryanovo
monastery. The transition lasts for about three or
four hours. Along a system of bridges and ladders,
hikers cross over the cliff and they can see the river
gorge from there.
The Rhodope Mountain also offers interesting
and scenic routes. One of them is the Southern
Rhodope eco path near the village of Yagodina.
The path has a length of 18.5 kilometers and
includes the areas situated between three rivers.
The route will take you to several waterfalls in
the area, as well as to the Devil’s Bridge - an
interesting local attraction.
Hiking trails in Dobrich (Bulgaria)
I. Cosmos camping - Vaklino village
The route starts from Cosmos camping
and walks on a trail along the beach. In
some places the path is covered by water
and had to be walked. Once you reach
the southern end of the lake the trail is
running along it. You may cut under the
peninsula, using a direct road. Similarly
you may cut the next C-shaped path
along the water. The trail continues
south around marshy arm of the lake
and enters the village Vaklino.
Time of route - 4 hours.
II. Balchik - Dalboka
➢‘This project has been funded with support
from the European Commission.
➢This publication reflects the views only of the
author, and the Commission cannot be held
responsible for any use which may be made of
the information contained therein.’