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Educational system in bg

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Educational system in bg

  1. 1. Education in Bulgaria is mainly supported by the state, through the Ministry of Education and Science. Most of the schools in Bulgaria are state or municipal schools. They are free and students don’t have to pay any fees. There are also private schools, which are expensive. The school year starts on 15 September, and pupils study on a morning and afternoon shift basis over two a short history terms. The first schools in Bulgaria began opening in the early nineteenth century first for boys and then for girls. In 1878 the government passed the Temporary Law on National Schools. Several universities were established in the period 1878 – 1918. During the communist era, the Soviet Union had a great impact on Bulgarian educational system . After the end of the Zhivkov Era (1979), the Bulgarian
  2. 2. Structure of the Educational System The system consists of four levels: Pre-School Education, Primary Education, Basic Education, Secondary Education
  3. 3. Pre-School Education Pre-school education embraces children between 3 and 6/7 years old. The attendance of kindergarten is optional. Most of the kindergartens are state (95%). There are also private ones and their number is growing.
  4. 4. Primary education: 1st - 4th grade In Bulgaria students start to go to school at the age of 7. Primary education comprises I – IV grade. Length of program in years: 4 Age level from: 7 to: 10 Certificate/diploma awarded: Grade IV Leaving Certificate grade
  5. 5. Basic education: 5th-8th grade Basic education comprises V – VIII grade. Length of program in years : 4 Age level from: 10 to 14 Certificate/diploma awarded: Basic Education Completion Certificate grade
  6. 6. Secondary education: 9th-12th grade Secondary education is four or five years long depending on the school specialisation. Admission after 7-th or 8-th grade, Non-compulsory Types: General: (4 years) Profiled: (4 or 5 years, entry exams): sports, languages, economics, mathematics, IT, arts Vocational : (4 or 5 19 Age level from: 14 to: years): technical or other Certificate/diploma awarded: Diploma of Completed Secondary Education
  7. 7. A new operational National Programme A new operational National Programme was launched in 2006 for pre-school and school education.  This ensures completion of basic education after Year Seven and compulsory Secondary education until Year Ten. As part of this programme, there is an increased number of foreign language and computer literacy classes as well as more vocational training from Year Seven to 12. The majority of school graduates
  8. 8. The system of education includes: 19 municipal general schools 10 primary and 9 secondary  8 vocational state schools  2 private schools.
  9. 9. Let’s remember:  State, municipal or private schools  Pre-School Education: 3 to 6/7 years old  Primary Education: 7 to10  Basic Education: 10 to 14 ( Compulsory)  Secondary Education: 14 to 19 (Non-compulsory)  Compulsory education is undertaken up to the age of 1 4 (grade 8 ).  Foreign language classes start at primary school, a second one is added in Year Ninth .  The top mark in Bulgarian schools is a six, while the lowest, a fail, is a two .  Graduation exams: A) Bulgarian language and literature B) Additional exam on subject from the general or profiled curriculum
  10. 10. ‘This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.’

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