simple past tense

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acciones en tiempo pasado

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simple past tense

  1. 1. SIMPLE PAST TENSE This tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past
  2. 2. I am in class today I was in class yesterday
  3. 3. Present simple • I am in class today. • Nany is here today. • We are happy today. Past simple • I was in class yesterday. • Nany was here yesterday. • We were happy yesterday.
  4. 4. SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE • I was • You were • She was • He was • It was • We were • You were • They were Singular Plural
  5. 5. SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF BE • I • She • He + was • it • We • You + were • they
  6. 6. be past She was at work yesterday
  7. 7. be past Gustavo was in the pool last week
  8. 8. be Past • The moon was huge last night.
  9. 9. The water is warm today past (write) ………………………………
  10. 10. I was not in class yesterday
  11. 11. I was not in class yesterday. She wasn´t in class yesterday • Was + not = wasn´t
  12. 12. You were not in the party last night You weren´t in the party last night Were + not = weren´t
  13. 13. George is in class this afternoon, but he wasn´t in class yesterday afternoon
  14. 14. They are in London tonight, but they weren´t in London last night
  15. 15. I am happy, but I wasn´t happy yesterday
  16. 16. The weather is nice this week, but it wasn´t nice last week
  17. 17. Were you in class yesterday ?
  18. 18. Were you in class yesterday ? Yes, we were. + We were in class yesterday Short answer Long answer Yes /no questions
  19. 19. Were you in class yesterday ? Yes /no questions No, we weren´t.. We weren´t in class yesterday
  20. 20. Was Nany at school last week ? Yes /no questions + Yes, she was. She was at school last week
  21. 21. Was Nany at school last week ? + No, she wasn´t. She wasn´t at school last week Yes /no questions
  22. 22. Where was Alex last summer ? • + In Cuzco. He was in Cuzco last summer Information questions
  23. 23. Where were Alex and Nany last month ? + On vacation. They were on vacation last month Information questions
  24. 24. Was Mirea in class last week? No, She wasn´t. She wasn´t in class last week.
  25. 25. Were you and Mirea at the lake last Sunday? • Yes, We were . We were at the lake last Sunday.
  26. 26. -ED PRONUNCIATION Group A Voiceless sound + -ed : -p – k – s – ch – sh – f – x – h- pronuonce ED as “T” -ed as /t/ Asked = ask/t/ Stopped = stop/t/ kissed = kiss/t/ watched = watch/t/ washed = wash/t/ Fixed = fix/t/ Group B Voiced sound + - ed: - l –n – m – r – b – v – g – w – y – z- and vowel sounds pronounce ED as “D” ed as /d/ Traveled = travel/d/ opened = open/d/ lived = live/d/ answered = answer/d/ cried = cry/d/ Group C T or d + -ed pronounce as “ID” -ed as /id/ Visited = visit/id/ invited = invite/id/ decide = decide/id/
  27. 27. Regular verbs Steps to form past simple with regular verbs Rule : To form the past simple of regular verbs we add –ed to the roof of the verb • If the verb ends in “Y” Vowel + “y” add -ed consonant + “y” take out “y” and add “ied” Ex: play……played cry…….cried enjoy…..enjoyed study….studied • If the verb ends in “e” only add -d Ex: decide….decided. change…chenged • If the verb ends in another letter only add “ed” Ex: listen…..listened work…..worked follow….followed
  28. 28. Regular verbs • If the verb ends in consonant + vowel + consonant ( C+V+C ) Ex: permit…………. Permitted stop…………….. Stopped admit…………. Admitted
  29. 29. We walked to school
  30. 30. Every day I brush my teeth. Yesterday I brushed my teeth
  31. 31. Every day Nancy plays the piano. Yesterday she played the piano
  32. 32. Every day Jeffer cooks. Yesterday he cooked
  33. 33. Yesterday last • We went to the movies…………………afternoon
  34. 34. Yesterday last • I called you ………..........week.
  35. 35. • Janice left for South America………….morning. Yesterday last
  36. 36. Yesterday last • The sky was beautiful ……………….night.
  37. 37. eat ate
  38. 38. QUESTION FORM Information questions: WH + did + subject + main verb + complement?  When did you go to the USA? I went there last summer. Yes / No questions: Did + subject + main verb + complement?  Did you travel with your parents? Yes, I did.
  39. 39. NEGATIVE FORM To write NEGATIVE sentences we need the auxiliary verb DID + NOT ( DIDN´T) and the root of the verb. Ex: Alex went to Lima yesterday. ( affirmative) Alex did not go to Lima yesterday. (negative) My friends dressed up for the halloween party. My friends didn´t dress up fot the halloween party.
  40. 40. I did not walk to school yesterday
  41. 41. Regular and irregular verbs
  42. 42. Write the past tense form. 1. Dance …………………… 2. Plan ………………… 3. Clean ………………… 4. Type ………………… 5. Shop ………………… 6. Look ………………… 7. Play ………………… 8. Study ……………….. 9. Mix ………………… 10. Stop ……………….. 11. wash ……………….. 12. work ……………….. 13. carry ………………. 14. cry………………. 15. answer ………………. 16. stay ………………. 17. listen ……………… 18. wait ……………… 19. turn …………….. 20. need ……………..
  43. 43. Look for the past form of the following verbs in your list 1. Drive ……………….. 2. Take ………………. 3. Run ………………. 4. Do ……………… 5. Leave ……………… 6. Go ……………… 7. Get ……………… 8. Eat ……………… 9. See ……………… 10. Forget ……………… 11. Make ………………. 12. Write ………………. 13. Ring ……………… 14. Buy ……………… 15. Sing ……………… 16. Bring ……………… 17. Read …………….. 18. Teach …………….. 19. Can …………….. 20. Sit ……………..
  44. 44. Write the correct form of the verb on the lines. Use the simple Past Tense Sleeping Beauty A long time ago there _____________ a beautiful princess. She ________in a very high tower . A wicked fairy ____________a spell and the princess____________ for a hundred years. A big forest ____________around the tower. One day a handsome prince______________ to the tower . He _____________his sword and ____________the trees. He __________________the princess and ________________her with a kiss. The prince __________the princess and they ________________happily ever after. Lived grew woke came slept lived married took cut was saw cast
  45. 45. Ask the following Questions to your partner and answer back too 1. Where did you go on vacation? 2. What did you do yesterday? 3. Who did you see to last night? 4. Which movie did you watch last Sunday? 5. Did you like it? 6. Did you meet someone special ? 7. Did you study English last week? 8. Did you read a magazine two years ago?
  46. 46. Find someone who……. Name 1. Watched the news. _____________________ 2. Listened to the radio._____________________ 3. Ate at a restaurant. _____________________ 4. Visited grandparents. _____________________ 5. Studied for an exam. _____________________ 6. Went to the movies. _____________________ 7. Cleaned your room. _____________________ 8. Took a shower. _____________________ 9. Played an instrument. _____________________ 10. Worked in the computer. _________________

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