English Project


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English Project

  1. 1. People`s Republic of China 中国
  2. 2. <ul><li>General facts about the PRC </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Business me n vs. European Businessmen </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Professional Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Things to remember! </li></ul><ul><li>Business and fun  </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>Mandarin is widely known as the official Chinese language. Mandarin ( 普通话 ) is what we are going to learn if we want to study Chinese. 普通话 is used in the northern part of China. It is also used by the officials and national TV stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Though Mandarin is said to be the official language, Chinese people like to communicate in their own dialects. The further in the south you go, the less you are going to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>The only thing that makes Chinese people understand each other is the writing system. The spoken language varies a lot in different provinces. </li></ul>
  4. 8. Chinese and European
  5. 10. European Chinese Individualists Collectivists Well established class of business women Emerging class of business women Power less unequally distributed Power distributed unequally
  6. 11. <ul><li>You need to remember that Chinese people have different ideas about the life in general than the citizens of Europe or America. Their culture and mentality seem to be completely different in comparison to our ideas. You might say one thing but a Chinese may understand something else. </li></ul><ul><li>Before you go to China, you’d better read something about the main Confucian virtues. This is what Chinese follow in their everyday life and what is more important, they never forget about it when they want to make important business transactions. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese seem to be very open-minded when it comes to meeting foreigners, however they really appreciate the fact if you know something about their culture and habits! </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>You need to be truthful! </li></ul><ul><li>In fact, firstly you must believe in what you say to make the others think that your idea is good. </li></ul><ul><li>You must keep your promises and fulfill your social and personal duties. </li></ul><ul><li>Confucius believed that one of the greatest virtues is to be honest within oneself. </li></ul>诚意
  8. 13. <ul><li>Always be prepared to help the others! </li></ul><ul><li>You should show your concern about the problems other people encounter. </li></ul><ul><li>Your friends’ needs come first, then you might start thinking of yourself. </li></ul>仁
  9. 14. <ul><li>No matter what, you need to respect the wishes of your father. The Christian commandment says “ Respect both of your parents ”but not in a way Chinese are obliged to obey their fathers. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to know your position in the society. You should respect everyone but be obedient towards the people whose status seems to be higher than yours. </li></ul>孝道
  10. 15. <ul><li>It is actually hard to understand if you are not Chinese. You should never forget about the good manners and the customs biding everyday behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese “propriety” might be understood as “doing the right thing.” </li></ul>礼
  11. 17. <ul><li>China is the biggest emerging market on Earth. </li></ul>
  12. 18. 北京
  13. 19. 上海
  14. 20. <ul><li>The Communist Party controls the law and all the important decisions taken by big companies and influential people. </li></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>China is fighting against corruption and public protests against it are legal. </li></ul>
  16. 23. <ul><li>China perceives herself as a superpower. </li></ul>
  17. 24. <ul><li>Flexibility and pragmatism describe the economic challenges taken up in China. </li></ul>
  18. 25. <ul><li>Domestic consumption is low, the most of manufactured products are exported. </li></ul>
  19. 26. <ul><li>There is still a big imbalance between the cities and the rural regions. </li></ul>
  20. 28. <ul><li>Never be late for a meeting! </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to use your both hands while handing in documents or receiving name cards. </li></ul><ul><li>Always be official, do not touch the people even If you think it is not impolite. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not rush, let the Chinese take their time to decide if they are willing to cooperate with you. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important member of your group should be in charge of the meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not refuse to help your Chinese coworkers. </li></ul>
  21. 29. <ul><li>Symbolism is important. Colours and numbers have a special meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Red is a lucky color; pink and yellow represent happiness; and the number 8 is the luckiest number. The colors black , white and blue and the #4, or four of anything, are negatively associated with death or funerals. Also included in this category are clocks, handkerchiefs, and straw sandals. </li></ul>
  22. 30. <ul><li>Sharp objects like knives or scissors represent a ‘severing of a friendship or relationship’- including a business relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Early in your business relationships, you may want to make your gift selections from a local store where you’ll be given the proper information and direction. At least it’s wise to have items gift wrapped once you’ve arrived in the country, to eliminate incorrect choices for colors and types of paper. </li></ul>
  23. 31. <ul><li>In China, official business policy considers gifts as bribes, which are illegal. Though the policy is softening, there may be times when a gift you offer will absolutely not be accepted. Should you find yourself in this situation, graciously say you understand and withdraw it. Waiting until negotiations have concluded will eliminate the appearance of bribery when a gift is presented. </li></ul>
  24. 33. <ul><li>Hello ! - 你好 ! nǐ hǎo ( used for everyone ) </li></ul><ul><li> - 您好 ! nín hǎo ( respectful form) </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you ! - 谢谢 ! xìexìe ! </li></ul><ul><li>Goodbye ! - 再见 ! zaìjiàn ! </li></ul><ul><li>Business – 商业 shāngyè </li></ul><ul><li>To make business - 做买卖 zùo maǐmaì </li></ul>