The Economic, Political and Social Reasons for Founding a Catalan State


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Complete study on the broad reasons for a new Catalan state in Europe.

Author: Fundació Catalunya Estat.

July 2012.

Published in: News & Politics, Travel
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The Economic, Political and Social Reasons for Founding a Catalan State

  1. 1. The economic, politicaland social reasons forfounding a Catalan State
  2. 2. Index presentation  Purpose and Structure of the Foundation  Catalan Fiscal Deficit  Catalan Social Security Fiscal Deficit  Constraints to Development  Results  Is it convenient for Catalonia to be part of Spain?  Catalan State  Bibliography 2
  3. 3. Purpose and Structureof the Foundation
  4. 4. Structure of the Foundation Catalan State Territorial Image & Discourse Communication Institutional RelationsInfluen. people Forum Sponsors Associates Direct action campaigns in the media: press and Friends radio, books, videos ... 4
  5. 5. Organizational chart of Catalonia State Foundation BOARD EXECUTIVE INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE AREA MANAGERS President Sponsors or Associate representatives Relevant persons / Patrons Territorial actions Area Area Area DISCOURSE IMAGE & COMUNICATION INSTITUTIONAL“The economic, political and Advertising campaigns, media Relations with Institutions,social reasons, for founding and public relations Official Bodies and Parties a Catalan State” 5
  6. 6. Catalan Fiscal Deficit
  7. 7. Catalan Fiscal Deficit What is the fiscal balance? Public expenditure done in a territory – taxes generated in this territory = Fiscal Balance If is + Fiscal surplus If is – Fiscal deficit Calculation Method: Cash flow Spending is attributed to the territory where it is done. (The activity of public sector benefits a territory) (Source: Elisenda Paluzie. CEC - Espoli del Països Catalans 22.10.2008) 7
  8. 8. 250 billion euros in 25 years 18,5 billion euros Catalan fiscal deficit in million euros (2011) 20.000 18.000 16.000 14.000 12.000 10.000 8.000 6.000 4.000 2.000 0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010(Source: Resultat de la balança fiscal de Catalunya amb el sector públic central 2006-2009 Gencat, març de 2012and Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda, Instituto de Estudios Fiscales, Madrid 15.07.2008) 8
  9. 9. Catalan fiscal deficit estimated 2011 Catalan GDP of 210bn euros Fiscal deficit of 8.8% of GDP A population of 7,4 million inhabitants Per person are: 2,500 euros / year (Source: Estimació Balances Fiscals CCAA Estat espanyol 1995-2005, Fundació Josep Irla) 9
  10. 10. Catalonia dropsThe perversion of the current model 8 positions, from 3r to 11th(Source: AVUI - Política 23.12.2008) 10
  11. 11. And the principle of fiscal ranking? Catalonia should be in 3rd position ------- We have lost a good criteria Article 206.5 of the Statute says: "The State shall ensure that the application of leveling mechanisms do not alter in any position of Catalonia in the order of “income per capita” across regions before leveling”. (Source: AVUI - Política 1.07.2009 and 14.07.2009) 11
  12. 12. Comparison with the special Basque charter  Catalonia (2006) 2,143 euros per inhabitant  Basque Country (2006) 5,833 euros per inhabitant Catalonia suffered a negative return of €14,5bn (2006)(Source: AVUI - Política 22.07.2009) 12
  13. 13. Fiscal balances in Germany The Baviera State, the main taxpayer, 140 provided €3,5bn (2010) 120 100 80Índex 60 40 20 0 Thüringen Nordrhein- Sachsen- Rheinland- Berlin Hessen Bayern Bremen Hamburg Schleswig- Saarland Sachsen Mecklenburg- Westfalen Brandenburg Niedersachsen Württemberg Vorpommern Holstein Anhalt Pfalz Baden- Index of founds before leveling index of founds after leveling (Source: El Periódico, Política 20.04.2009 - AVUI, Món i Política 16.05.2010 13 Internacional 16.10.2010 i Presència Política 25.01.2011)
  14. 14. Fiscal balances in Spain Catalonia loses 8 positions, it’s that fair?This is not correct(Source: Generalitat de Catalunya, abril del 2009) 14
  15. 15. Catalonia, the most fiscally exploited countryin the world Fiscal transfer allowed  USA: 2.5% of GDP  Canada: 2% of GDP  Australia: 2% of GDP  Catalonia: 8.8% of GDP 15
  16. 16. What could we do with all this money? 18,5bn euros  50 million euros a day The new terminal of BCN airport Capacity for 30 million of passengers. Will generate 3,000 direct jobs and 37,000 indirect jobs. Cost of €1,2bn. Paid off in 25 days. Roads Cost of the road Lleida-Girona: €0,4bn. Covert into a four-line highway: €0,7bn. The equivalent of 14 days of fiscal plunder. (Source: Observatori del Finançament de Catalunya) (Source: La Vanguardia14.06.2009 i La Generalitat de Catalunya 5.01.2009) 16
  17. 17. What could we do with all this money? 18,5bn euros  50 million euros a day Hospitals The new Hospital in Mollet del Vallès with 160 beds, it has a cost of 61 million euros. Nearly a Hospital every day. (Source: Dossier de premsa. Hospital de Mollet Generalitat de Catalunya 31.07.2010) Educational centers To built a new school has an average cost of between 3,5 and 4 million euros. It will be possible to built 12 schools every day. (Source: AVUI Política 20.07.2009 ) 17
  18. 18. What could we do with all this money? 18,5bn euros  50 million euros a day Centre for Biomedical Research Esther Koplowitz The new building of the Hospital Clinic in Barcelona has 14,506 m2 housing 400 medical researchers. Cost: 60,7 million euros. Almost every day a research center. (Source: AVUI Societat 4.10.2010) Local Heath Center (CAP) The new CAP of Borges Blanques will attend to 17,000 users. Surface 2,213 m2 two-storey Cost: 5 million euros. Every day 10 local health centers can be built. (Source: Gencat - Departament de salut Notes de premsa 1.10.2010) 18
  19. 19. Simulation of an annual budgetCatalan fiscal deficit estimated on 18,5 billion eurosExtra Catalan Budget 2012 Amount Qty Total million €Direct contribution to the European Union 1,000 1 1,000Embassies and consulates, like Ireland 200 1 200Hospitals, like the one from Mollet del Vallés with 160 beds 60 5 300Convert into a four-line highway the road Lleida to Girona 700 1 700Help the small-medium size companies and start-ups 2,400 1 2,400Freight-line connecting ports Tarragona-Barcelona to France 1,200 1 1,200Research and Development (R&D) 2,000 1 2,000Advanced technological centers 200 2 400 And in 2013? and in 2014? and in 2015? ....Change all pre-fabricated modules of catalan schools 2,000 1 2,000Universitary campus for 7,000 students 130 2 260Social housing programs 0,0036 400,000 1,440Aged / handicapped welfare program (only 54,000 people) 0,0014 150,000 250Pensioners, extra payment of 1,200 euros 0,001 1,5 1,800University scholarships of 1,000 euros a month 0,010 200,000 2,000Creation of a network of basketball courts 0,4 1,000 400Emergency provisions 2,150Total simulation, million of euros 19 18,500
  20. 20. And a catalan family? 2,500 x 4 persons = 10,000 euros each year 833 euros a month !!! Help to pay the mortgage Books for the school New laptop Kindergartens / Nanny Increase the pension To buy a new car Savings...(Source: Observatori del Finançament de Catalunya) 20
  21. 21. Budget Generalitat de Catalunya 2012 37 billion euros + 18 fiscal deficit ----------------------------- Total 55 billion euros Increase of 50% 21
  22. 22. Fiscal Deficit Compared Amount Amount Amount Total % Income FISCAL DEFICIT person Period aprox. updated inhabitants person year Marshall Plan (USA) 13.300 M$ 97.000 M$ 147 M 164 $ 1,23% 4 years 1948-1951German Reunification 600.000 M$ 61 M 980 $ 3,75% 10 years 1990-1999Fiscal Deficit Catalonia 18.000 M€ 7,5 M 2.400 € 8,6% UNLIMITED versus Spain 2010How should the Spanish people view the generosity of Catalonia thathas contributed Spanish GDP over 9% for more than twenty years?(Source: Entre l’Espanya i la paret. Xavier Roig 2003) 22
  23. 23. Catalan Fiscal DeficitSocial Security System
  24. 24. Plundering the Catalan pension systemPeriod 2004 – 2007 + 90 billion euros  23.9% of all State, has been paid by Catalonia - 76 billion euros  20.6% received by the Catalan pensioners ---------------------------------------------- - 13 billion euros ---------------------------------------------- This is the ruin of Catalans (Source: Cercle d’Estudis Sobiranistes. Elisenda Paluzie 2009) 24
  25. 25. Contributions to the Spanish pension reserve fund The Spanish, that Period 2004 - 2007 are 38,5 million inhabitants, only contribute7,1 million of Spain €4,5bn Catalans 25,6% contribute €13bn Catalonia 74,4% We are the ones that finance pensions for the Spanish, that they cannot sustain(Source: Escanyar els pensionistes. Alfons López Tena. AVUI Diàleg 28.06.2009) 25
  26. 26. How our pensions could be improved? With our own State we will spread the 13bn euros (2004-07): 1. Increasing general pensions by 25% € 175 per month x 14 payments = € 2,450 each year 2. Lower contributions from companies and workers by 14.7% while maintaining current pension. 3. Foresee a reserve fund to cover future pensions. (Source: AVUI – Diàleg: Escanyar els pensionistes. Alfons López Tena 28.06.2009) 26
  27. 27. Contributory pensions in Spain In Catalonia pensions are too low in relation to our cost of living  Pensioners: ● 25% receive less than 500€ a month. ● Another 50% between Catalunya 600 and 800€ a month. 74,4% ● Only 25% exceed 1,000€ monthly.  It does not take into account the cost of living.(Source: Expansión - Economía y Política 6.07.2010) 27
  28. 28. Constraints todevelopment
  29. 29. Investment level from Spanish State in Catalonia 29 (Source: EL TEMPS - L’espoli de l’espoli. Núm 1268 - 30.09.2008)
  30. 30. The state does less than a halfthe infrastructures that would be necessary In 2011 the State investment in infrastructures was less than a half of the 3,1 billion euros budgeted or to be exact, only 1,4 billion euros. This figures make clear the flagrant plundering of the Catalan taxpayers by Spanish state.  N-II, the motorway to nowhere. A symbol of the Spanish national contempt for Catalonia. This road is a national motorway through all Spain until it reaches Catalonia. In 20 years the Spanish state has only been capable of turning 8 km of this road into highway in Girona.(Source: EL PUNT AVUI – Política: El debat del Parlament 24.05.2012 i El Periódico - Gironès 4.10.2009) 30
  31. 31. For the Spanish there is always money Free Highway Silver Route From Gijón to Sevilla the highway A-66 has 809 km. Finished in 2011, after 7 years of construction. (Source: La Voz de Asturias. Noticias Asturias 7.08.2006 i 2.03.2009) 31
  32. 32. Madrid: 600 km – Barcelona: 20 km(Free highways built by the Spanish Government between 1985– 2005) (Source: Cercle d’Estudis Sobiranistes) 32
  33. 33. What about the kindergartens? The ones who come out winning are always the same. (Source: OCU - Compra Maestra nº 346 març 2010) 33
  34. 34. Our students in pre-fabricated units !!! The 2011-12 school year began with a record of pre-fab units: 1,057 for 20,000 students. Solved with 2 billion euros. The Community of Madrid has not a single one. (Source: EL PUNT AVUI - Societat 8.09.2011) 34
  35. 35. The scandal of the Catalan student grants Spanish State refuses to transfer the responsibility for the student grant system, even though the Spanish Constitutional Court sentence in 2001, giving the Catalan Government, La Generalitat, the sole responsibility in this matter. “The law is only the law when it suits them”. (Source: La Vanguardia – Opinión: La paciencia tiene un límite. Isabel García Pagan 5.01.2010) Catalan Students, 17% of the whole Spanish state, only receive 8% of the scholarships. Spanish State does not comply with the law. (Source: Universitat: Les beques catalanes. Enric I. Canela 21.05.2009) 35
  36. 36. 170 million euros: fiscal deficit of 0,7% for the NGO  Catalonia has only received 120 of the 290 million of the income tax that the Catalans have destined to social ends during the last 5 years.  In spite of the sentences of the Spanish Supreme Court and the Spanish Constitutional Court, the two main Spanish political parties, PP and PSC-PSOE, refuse to allow the Catalan government to manage these subsidies. Yet another robbery.(Font: EL PUNT AVUI – Societat: Col·lectius 6.05.2012) 36
  37. 37. Spanish Railway Infrastructure 40% of GDP and 50% of exports come from the Spanish territories on the Mediterranean seaboard The stretch Sagunto-Teruel-Zaragoza Cuenca Valencia has cost 1,3 billion euros over the last four years (Source: AVUI – Política: Ramon Tremosa 24.08.2009) Objective: make us unnecessary (Source: Catalunya Acció. Juny 2007) 37
  38. 38. Two freight lines and its price Algeciras – Madrid – Irun – Lyon Distance 2,200 km price for the transport of 1,000 tons: 94,000 euros. Algeciras – Valencia – Barcelona – Lyon Distance 1,700 km price for the transport of 1,000 tons: 70,000 euros. Transport cost (euro x 1,000 tons x km) Road: 87,8 € - Ship: 22,5 € Railway: 17,9 € (Source: El Periódico Societat 19.11.2009) (Source: La Vanguardia – Política: Salvador Enguix 25.10.2009) 38
  39. 39. Europe gives priority tothe Mediterranean freight line Despite Spanish government common resistance, the European Union has finally imposed economic sense and designated the Mediterranean freight line top priority. A pity: The double line between Barcelona-Valencia is not completed. The 61 km between Tarragona and Vandellòs has been abandoned. (Source: EL PUNT AVUI – Catalunya: infraestructures 19.10.2011) 39
  40. 40. The freight accessto the port of Barcelona The lack of rail links strangles the country’s economic growth. One of the priorities of the Generalitat of Catalonia is to ensure that the construction of the long-awaited road and rail links to the port of Barcelona, do not remain collecting dust on some Spanish government shelf sine die. The port of Barcelona is finishing the new giant container terminal promoted by the leading world Chinese logistics company Hutchinson, witch will convert the port of Barcelona into the major logistic platform of Southern Europe at a cost of nearly 4bn euros. For this reason, finishing the work to make the train to arrive to the port is absolutely indispensable. However, the decisions taken in the last few years regarding infrastructures by the Spanish government do not make us optimistic. (Source: ARA – Tema del dia: Infraestructures pendents 5.03.2012) 40
  41. 41. High-speed railway (AVE)The ruin of Spain The State has spent 50 billion euros in high-speed projects that will not have enough travellers to pay for the maintenance of the lines. A mammoth project, exceeded only by China. Unsustainable. While the ratio of passengers per kilometre in Spain is 2,8 passengers, in France it is 41,5. Maintaining one kilometre of high speed track costs 100,000 euros a year and 200,000 euros a year per kilometre of tunnel. Meanwhile goods traffic is declining. Since the year 2000 the percentage of rail freight traffic has fallen from 7% to 5%. (Source: AVUI – Societat: Infraestructures 23.05.2010) 41
  42. 42. I can’t believe it !!! In the newspaper there is the look of surprise on the face of the American Secretary of State for Transport, Ray LaHood, when he was shown the map of the high speed Spanish railway network, to which his response was: You must be very rich, we cannot afford it Time has shown that we are not so rich, we just tried to seem so. (Source: La Vanguardia – La segona: El corredor mediterrani 8.09.2011) 42
  43. 43. The never ending storyof the transfer of the local train network (Renfe)  The Spanish Transport Ministry has not transferred the physical infrastructure of the Catalan local railway network.  However the Catalan Government has received the transfer of the rather less exciting responsibilities for: Time table, prices, information and cleaning. While this exciting transfer was being signed, the Spanish Railway Company (Renfe) informed that there would be an increase in ticket prices of 6%, only applicable in Catalonia.(Source: EL PUNT - Punt de Vista: L’Encaix 3.01.2010 i La galeria 16.01.2010) 43
  44. 44. Only one kilometer of truck laid in 20 years Abandoned. The passengers train has been completely ignored by the Spanish state investments in Catalonia. The stretch of line between Vandellòs and Castellò is still single track (Source: EL PUNT AVUI – Catalunya: El dèficit de la xarxa ferroviària de Catalunya 28.05.2012) 44
  45. 45. The railway network The Spanish state following any economic logic, should prioritize the Mediterranean freight, but this would break with their own Spanish internal logic of “coffee for everybody” and the vision of the radial infrastructure with Madrid as the lynch-pin. Spain has become a second class country because it does not invest in infrastructures with cost-benefit criteria (Source: AVUI – Diàleg: Europa visita Catalunya 13.03.2011) 45
  46. 46. Barcelona airportAmerica Africa Asia EuropeBolivia, 1974 Ivory Coast, 1976 Korea, 1989 Croacia, 1997Canada, 1988 Gabón, 1976 India, 1987 URSS, 1976Costa Rica, 1979 Equatorial Guinea, 1971 Iran, 1996El Salvador, 1997 Kenya, 1981 Iraq, 1980Guatemala, 1971 Mali, 1990 Japan, 1980México, 1978 Nigeria, 1975 Kuwait, 1979Peru, 1954 Sierra Leone, 1976 Malysia, 1993Dominican Rep, 1968 Pakistan, 1979Uruguay, 1979 Siria, 1979Chile, 1974 Thailand, 1979USA, 1973(Miami and San Juan de Puerto Rico) Compulsory use of Madrid-Barajas airport The Spanish Airport Authorities signed agreements with all these countries between 1954-1993 imposing the use of Madrid airport and explicitly prohibiting the use of Barcelona airport for international flights(Source: Cercle d’Estudis Sobiranistes, L’estat espanyol contra Catalunya: la prohibició d’ús dels aeroports 46catalans en els Convenis Internacionals acordats per l’estat espanyol 19.02.2008)
  47. 47. This is called abuse of power This is one of the reasons for the loss of competitiveness and business opportunities in Catalonia(Source: EL TEMPS – Portada: Què ens costa Iberia? N. 1443 7.02.2012) 47
  48. 48. What a mess! Germany, a country with 82 million inhabitants and a GDP three times higher than Spain, only has 38 airports. Spain today has 50 and in 2020 will have 59 (Source: La Gaceta – Negocios Empresas 3.08.2008) 48
  49. 49. A Catalan couple pays today a 15%more taxes than a Madrid couple  A Madrid couple saves 444 euros due to the lower rate of the Madrid Autonomous government taxes.  The comparison has been done taking as a basis a couple with two children and lower middle income of 43,000 euros a year.  The regional variation between one region and another can be as much as 1,000 euros.(Source: AVUI - Economia 26.02.2009) 49
  50. 50. One of the highest taxed countries in the world  Catalonia and Sweden are the countries where their employees pay more taxes in Europe, with 56% maximum rate.  A catalan has an income tax rate of almost twenty points higher than the EU average and fifteen points higher than the averageA catalan citizen that earns 400,000 citizens of the euro area. euros will pay 10,000 euros more than a Madrid citizen  Collection or confiscation?(Source: Expansión – Menos gasto y más impuestos 31.12.2011 50La Vanguardia – Opinió: Tan escandinaus 4.01.2012)
  51. 51. The crisis has placed Catalans amongthe most highly taxed citizens in the world When we will say enough? It can put a break on attracting talented people to Catalonia(Source: El Periódico - Economia 6.10.2010) 51
  52. 52. State aid for the aged and handicapped people  Andalusia has 8,1 million inhabitants and Catalonia has 7,3 million. (Source: INE a 1 de juliol del 2009)  Why such a big difference? (Source: EL Economista 24.07.2009)  Neither do I understand that in the 7 Andalusian provinces there are more handicapped people than retired people, unless they have suffered a nuclear explosion, as Felipe Gonzalez, the ex- President once said. (Source: EL PUNT - 52 Punt de Vista 5.10.2010)
  53. 53. Spain: country of public workers  In Spain there are already more than 3,1 millions of public workers.  Catalonia is the community that has less public workers.  150,000 civil servants in Madrid, in theory don’t do anything, because their functions have been transferred to the Autonomous region, who are now responsible for Health, Culture and Education. (Source: AVUI 1.08.2008)  A public worker costs almost twice as much as a private sector worker. In 2009 the cost was 50,000 € compare to 28,800 €. (Source: La Gaceta de los Negocios 4.10.2008)(Source: La Vanguardia - Economia 6.10.2010 53
  54. 54. PER (Rural Unemployment Subsidy)  Spain is different. Official figures state that in all of Spain, there are 95,101 people registered unemployed in the Agricultural sector. However in Andalusia and Extremadura 158,548 people receive agricultural unemployment benefit.  Though officially you need to work 20 days to have the right to claim the PER, in reality 83.3% of the beneficiaries had only worked for 7 days.  Tip for scroungers. Register your self in any of the 8 Andalusian or the 2 provinces of Extremadura and you will be able to receive this Agricultural Subsidy.(Source: El Economista - Economia: El PER que no cesa 18.08.2009) 54
  55. 55. Facts and figures  The Spanish state has injected 9bn euros to cover the hole in the Caja Castilla-La Mancha savings bank, produced as a result of financing dubious real- state projects.  The prime example is the ghost airport in Ciudad Real (Don Quixote). The mammoth airport costing 1,1 billion euros with the longest runaway in Europe (4 km). At present it is in disuse. Having reached the giddy heights of 3 flights per week.  This mammoth project is for a city of 75,000 inhabitants(Source: AVUI - Política 7.03.2009) situated 168 km from Madrid.(Source: Especial - Época 27.02 – 5.03.2009 and AVUI - Bústia 2.09.2010) 55
  56. 56. The Catalan hospital waiting lists The number of people waiting for a non urgent surgical operation grew by 24,000 in 2011 (42%) reaching the figures of 80,540 patients. That happens because Spain creams off 18,5 billion euros from the Catalan GDP every year (Source: EL PUNT AVUI - Societat 4.10.2001) 56
  57. 57. Eight communities spend more in health carethan Catalonia Basque Country, Navarra, Asturias, Castilla-León, Aragón, Extremadura, Murcia and La Rioja are above Catalonia in health expenditure per capita. Catalonia is always below national average (Source: AVUI - Societat 5.01.2001) 57
  58. 58. Tributary inspeccions are killing Catalonia Catalonia has suffered twice the number of inspections than Madrid Catalonia suffers six times more inspections than Andalusia From 2000 to 2008 the extra tax revenue from fiscal inspections in Catalonia has been 1,8 billion euros, while in Madrid only 0,9 billion and in Andalusia 0,3 billion euros(Source: – Actualitat 15.11.2010) 58
  59. 59. The TC and the financing The sentence of the Spanish Constitutional High Court (TC) destroyed the new financial system, approved by popular referendum the year before, by removing the three basic pillars: 1. The ranking principle (article 206) 2. The bilateral relationship between Catalonia and Spain (article 210) 3. A guarantee of a minimum State investment in infrastructures proportional to Catalan contribution to the GDP (19%) The conclusion is that the Spanish TC perpetuates and legitimates the plundering of Catalan fiscal resources. They want us as taxpayers on the first level, but citizens in second or third class (Source: AVUI - Política Anàlisi 14.07.2010) 59
  60. 60. The Government will sell 26 buildings The Generalitat of Catalonia, who hopes to pull in with theses sales 450 million euros, has extended to 31st of January the deadline to close the operation. Among the buildings to be sold off are the headquarters of the Ministries of Education at Via Augusta street (52 per million), Agriculture in the Gran Via street (27 million), Employment in Sepulveda street (148 million) and headquarters of the stock exchange market in Barcelona, passeig de Gracia (57,4 million). Catalan executive prefers to cut the salary of its public workers by 10% rather than risking a direct confrontation with the Spanish government, and they prefer to sell of their assets instead of defending them (Hèctor López Bofill). (Source: ARA – Economia: immobiliari 14.12.2011 i EL PUNT AVUI – Governar contra Catalunya 14.12.2011) 60
  61. 61. The elimination of the Catalan savings banks The Spanish State has won: with the exception of La Caixa, which is now a bank, it has succeeded in eliminating all the Catalan savings banks. (Source: Bloc de notes de Josep Romeu - 6.10.2011) 61
  62. 62. 27 years of European Funds for Spain Why does everybody speak so well of the European Funds but nobody thanks Catalonia for its incredibly generous inter-regional solidarity or rather fiscal plundering?Spain has received in European Funds between 1986 – 2013 a total of 144 billion euros from the European Union. In the same period, Spain has taken from Catalonia 300 billion euros (Source: Economy Weblog – http:// / archives / 2007 / 01 / menos_fondos _eu.php) 62
  63. 63. Lost opportunities All strategic economic projects financed by the Spanish Government in Catalonia are carried out with an average delay of at least fifteen years. This 15-year delay means lost opportunities for generating wealth and should be included in the fiscal deficit between Catalonia and Spain. How can this be calculated? Lost profit or lucrum cesans is the financial loss which occurs when one party fails to meet its obligations and thereby provokes a financial loss to the other party. This loss is the amount the victim would have earned if the other party had not failed in his obligations. The party which has failed in its duties should compensate the other for this loss. (Source: ARA – Debat: Intel·ligència estratègica 12.03.2012) 63
  64. 64. Fiscal deficit  Social deficit Deficit fiscal means worse education, lower living standard, poorer health care and less investment in infrastructures. The fiscal deficit is the tool Spanish State uses to impoverish the Catalan economy and to limit the Catalan economic potential, so that they can continue to control us (Source: Cró - Entrevista: Ramon Tremosa 27.09.2010) 64
  65. 65. Results
  66. 66. Spanish mentality These Catalans have to be economically strangled. (Francisco Franco, ex-dictator) The economic future of Catalonia will be that of a workforce of construction workers and waiters. (Felipe González, ex-Prime Minister) This is the proof that the system is working (referring to the Catalan fiscal deficit). (José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, ex-Prime Minister) If they want anything, the Catalans can come every year to feed out of our hand. (Alfonso Guerra, ex-Vice President) (Source: AVUI - Alfons López Tena 13.10.2008 and EL PUNT – Opinió: Biel Ferrer 12.08.2009) 66
  67. 67. Spanish mentality Jordi Pujol, ex-President of Catalonia, explains things said to him by a high ranking Spanish politician: You, the Catalans, can pay for our being generous with the other regions of Spain. We know the system is very unfair with you, the Catalans, but it suits us fine, so shut up. And what am I going to say to the people on permanent benefit in the south of Spain, the day after you get independent? (Eduardo Zaplana, ex-Minister of Labour) (Source: AVUI - Alfons López Tena 13.10.2008 and EL PUNT – Opinió: Biel Ferrer 12.08.2009) 67
  68. 68. Spanish mentality The language of Spain is Spanish, not Castilian! Spanish is the common language for everybody. It is the national language that units all of Spain. I will do everything to avoid destroying national unity. Catalonia was first occupied by king Philip IV, and then it was occupied again by king Philip V who conquered it. It was bombarded by General Espartero, the revolutionary general, and then we occupied it in 1939 and we are ready to occupy Catalonia as many times as necessary. And for this reason I am ready to take up arms again. So, you the Catalans, know what you are in for; and here I have my gun ready to use again (Manuel Fraga, Franco Minister - 1968) (Source: AVUI - Alfons López Tena 13.10.2008 ind EL PUNT – Opinió: Biel Ferrer 12.08.2009) 68
  69. 69. The risk of becoming poor is increasingin Catalonia One in five Catalans are at risk of falling bellow the poverty line. One in three women older than 65 years, are at risk. Five out of 1,000 Catalans are homeless. This is direct result of the tax plundering(Source: ARA - Crònica societat: Reportatge 3.01.2011) 69
  70. 70. We are at the limit  Record, the Catalan national debt rose to 42bn euros in the 1st q of 2012. This represents 21,1% of the Catalan GDP, which compare to the other countries is reasonable.  The refusal of the Spanish government to make the payments of 4,1bn euro owed according to the precepts of the Statuary Law, has contributed to the need for borrowing in Catalonia.592,5 bn € 55,2% Spanish GDP debt of Central Administration145,1 bn € 13,5% Spanish GDP debt of Autonomies 36,8 bn € 3,4% Spanish GDP debt of Councils774,4 bn € 72,1% Spanish GDP total national debt of Spain(Font: EL PUNT AVUI – Economia i La Vanguardia – Economia 16.06.2012) 70
  71. 71. How lucky we were that in 2009 the Generalitatof Catalonia signed a “historical” new financialagreement with the Spanish Central Government We have to go further into debt so as not to face up to our fiscal plunderers. Crazy and cowardly. The financial ruin of Catalonia (Source: ARA – Economia: Tema del dia 21.11.2011) 71
  72. 72. A factWho does the Catalan tax revenue belong to? The loss of our tax revenue creates poverty Anyone with an income of less than 60% of the average family income is considered poor. According this, the poverty rate in Catalonia in the year 2000 was 18.6%, more than 1,2 million people (5.850 € per person/year). There are as many poor people in Catalonia as inhabitants of Extremadura. (Source: La Vanguardia – Opinión: Carlos Sentis 24.07.2009). (Source: Informe 2003 de l’Observatori de la Pobresa i l’exclusió social. Caixa Catalunya) 72
  73. 73. Result: Catalonia is sinking The Catalan financial resources per capita drops from 3rd to 11th position after the Spanish State redistributes our tax revenues. Catalonia has dropped 6 places between 2003 and 2006 in the IMD World Competitiveness Ranking published in Switzerland. In the Index of Human Development of the United Nations, Catalonia has fallen from 14th to 18th position between the years 2000 and 2007 , while at the same time Spain gone up from 21st to 13th position. (Source: AVUI – Diàleg: Il·lusió fracassada. Alfons López Tena 5.10.2008) 73
  74. 74. Is it convenientfor Cataloniato be part of Spain?
  75. 75. Is it convenient for Catalonia to be part of Spain? In 1993, Felipe González, ex-prime Minister, helped Barcelona to lose the possibility of being the seat of the European capital of medicine. In 2003, José Maria Aznar, ex-prime Minister, helped Barcelona to lose the possibility of being the seat of the European capital of the food sector. The Spanish government refused to ask for EEC financing of the line 9 of Barcelona underground. In 2006, José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, ex-prime Minister, refused to meet the conditions to allow Nissan to build a new automotive plant in Odena, near Barcelona. Catalonia lost another 400 millions in new investments. Incredible! (Source: Ramon Tremosa. Catalunya serà logística o no serà. 2007 i Francesc Sanuy, El Singular Digital, Economia 24.02.2010) 75
  76. 76. Jordi Pujol, ex-President of Catalonia The bridges between Spain and Catalonia are broken. We cannot believe in the Spain of today. During many years the majority of Catalan citizens had not had separatist feelings. Before I could find arguments against the separatist movement, now I fail to find any. Becoming independent will not be easy. The other option is very simple, obliteration. In the light of this, people who would never have dreamed of doing so, will vote for independence. (Source: El Temps Nº 1391 del 8.02.2011 i Ara - aracrònicapolítica 26.01.2011) 76
  77. 77. This political map was published in 1854 77
  78. 78. No one listened to him In this book published in the year 1985 the Catalan political leader and economist, Ramon Trias Fargas, said: “From the first day, the Madrid politicians understood that the most efficient way to keep a stranglehold on the Catalan autonomy was to keep it on the bread line, and dry bread at that. Self-government without money is like having a car without petrol. However we have to admit that for different motives we, the Catalans, have not been able to combat this strategy”. (Font: Narració d’una asfíxia premeditada. Ramon Trias Fargas. Editorial Afers 2011) 78
  79. 79. State policies Fiscal and Economic Education and Research Health and Social Security Sport and Culture Security and Defence Justice and Law and Order Trade and Industry Foreign policy ... Without State we cannot have our own policies 79
  80. 80. With the Castilian mentality, in their project for Spain there is no room for the welfare or the economic development of Catalonia 80
  81. 81. Catalan State
  82. 82. Comparative UE-28, with Catalonia % UE-27 Population PIB (PPC) Nr Country (2011) PIB (PPC) milion per capita inhabitants per capita 1 Luxemburg 68.900 274 0,5 2 Netherlands 32.900 131 16,6 3 Austria 32.299 129 8,4 4 Ireland 31.800 127 4,4 Catalonia 5 Sweden 31.700 126 9,4 6 Denmark 31.500 125 5,5 as a State Catalonia as a State 30.500 121 7,4 would be 7 Germany 30.100 120 81,7 8 Belgium 29.700 118 10,9 the 7th 9 Finland 29.200 116 5,3 Catalonia region 28.270 113 7,4 richest 10 United Kingdom 27.200 108 62,4 state of the 11 France 27.000 107 65,0 12 Italy 25.300 101 60,6 European UE-27 = 100 25.100 100 502,4 Union 13 Spain 24.700 99 46,1(Source: Eurostat - Euroindicators and INE ) 82
  83. 83. Bibliography
  84. 84. Bibliography Catalunya, país emergent. Ramon Tremosa. Tres i Quatre. Catalunya serà logística o no serà. Ramon Tremosa. Tres i Quatre. Economia de la Unión Europea. Jaime de Pablo. Paraninfo. Economia liberal per a No liberals i No economistes. Xavier Sala. Dèria Editors. L’espoli fiscal. Una asfíxia premeditada. Jordi Pons / Ramon Tremosa. Tres i Quatre. Catalunya: estat de la nació. 28 autors. Raval Edicions. Catalunya sota Espanya. Alfons López Tena. Dèria Editors. L’Estat contra els pobles. Jaume Renyer. Arola Editors. 2014. Que parli el poble català. Josep Lluís Carod-Rovira. L’arquer. Per què ens cal una Catalunya independent? Martí Guerrero. La Busca Edicions. Delenda est Catatonia. Enric Vila Casas. Viena Edicions. Entre l’espanya i la paret. Xavier Roig. Edicions La Campana. Catalans. Alfred Bosch i Noemí Ibáñez. Edicions 62. El mirall escocès. Xavier Solano. Dèria Editors. Les ciutats creatives. Richard Florida. Raval Edicions, Pòrtic. Catalanisme Obert al Segle XXI: L’Economia. Xavier Sala i Martín. Nov 2001. Ferrmed Great Axis Rail Freight Network and its area of influence. Brussels, Oct 2009. La viabilitat de la independència de Catalunya. Jacint Ros Hombravella. Dèria Editors. Sense Espanya. Balanç econòmic de la independència. Guinjoan i Cuadras. Pòrtic 2011. 84
  85. 85. Bibliography Residuals o independents? Jordi Pujol. Raval Edicions SLU, Pòrtic. Informe Diagonal o com aturar l’independentisme. Josep Gimeno. A Contra Vent Editors. Cartes d’independència a la vora d’una tassa de te. Isabel-Clara Simó i Patrícia Gabancho. A Contra Vent Editors. El preu de ser espanyol per a un ciutadà de Catalunya. Joan Hugué i Rovirosa. Duxelm. Montenegro sí, Catalunya també. Hèctor López Bofill i Uriel Bertran. Ara llibres. Converses amb Oriol Junqueras. Bernat Ferrer. Viena Edicions. Catalunya Independent en el SI de la Unió Europea. Antoni Abat i Ninet. CES. 85
  86. 86. Bibliography Statistical data bases: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya (IDESCAT), Ministerio de Economía y Hacienda, La Generalitat de Catalunya, Eurostat, Caixa de Catalunya, Observatori del Finançament de Catalunya, el Cercle d’Estudis Sobiranistes, la Cambra de Comerç de Barcelona, l’Institut Ignasi Villalonga and Ferrmed. Press: AVUI, La Vanguardia, El Periódico de Catalunya, El Punt, Expansión, EL TEMPS, B-30, La Gaceta de los Negocios, Dossier Econòmic, Presència, El Mundo, El Singular Digital, Público, ARA, El Economista, Paradigmes, L’Econòmic and Món Empresarial. 86
  87. 87. You will find us in: 87
  88. 88. If we want, we can The important thing is not the size of the state, but its efficiency! 88