Historical Summary of the Catalan Fiscal Plundering
Historical summary of the
Catalan fiscal plundering
When did the plundering begin? (1)
The fiscal plundering of the Catalan territories begins with the War
of the Spanish Succession (1701-1715) at the beginning of the
C18th when the victors, the Bourbon monarchy, imposed special
taxes on the Catalan territories (Valencia, Balearic Islands and
Catalonia) who had sided with the House of Austria.
The Spanish state has never had a single, balanced, fiscal system
for all of Spain; when the troops of Philip V finally conquered the
Catalan territories, instead of applying the Castilian fiscal regime,
they imposed a special one for the militarily occupied lands.
Since the C18th the Catalan Countries have always paid a lot more
in taxes than Castile.
(Source: Converses amb Oriol Junqueras – Bernat Ferrer : Viena Edicions 2011)
When did the plundering begin? (2)
In Catalonia in the C18th the church had to pay taxes, while the
Castilian church didn’t. If the Catalan clerics paid taxes, then you can
imagine what happened with the farmers, the urban middle classes,
This unjust fiscal treatment has been maintained in many ways to the
On the other hand the Basque Country has a special fiscal treatment
(the Charter) because the Basques sided with the Bourbons in the
War of Succession, and as a reward Philip V maintained the special
charter (Los Fueros), which exempted them from paying taxes.
Therefore, the Spanish War of Succession is a key episode in the
process which has given rise to the modern day Spanish state and its
highly discriminatory fiscal system.
(Font: Converses amb Oriol Junqueras – Bernat Ferrer : Viena Edicions 2011)
The taxes multiplied by twenty
The impact of the Bourbon repression and the abolition of the
Valencian Royal Charter (els Furs) was profound. Even the proBourbon Valencian people complained about the abolition of the
Before, the contribution of the Valencian kingdom to the king was
voluntary and there were even some years when they gave nothing.
When they did pay the amount was between 18,000 to 35,000
pounds per year. Philip V imposed a new permanent fiscal system in
Valencia and unified all the different taxes in one, l’equivalent.
In 1714, l’equivalent was established at 637.000 pound every year !
This new tax system was later applied to Catalonia and the Balearic
(Font: SAPIENS – Especial 1714 Nr.108 del 2011)