In this mini-lesson we will:
• Cover the basic rules of apostrophe use
• Learn what the most
common mistakes are and
how to avoid them
What do you think?
Apostrophe errors are not a big problem; the
apostrophe is not an important punctuation
AGREE OR DISAGREE?
Apostrophes are Important!
• Apostrophes enrich the English language.
• Apostrophes tell the reader who owns what, singular
or plural, if a word has been contracted and so on.
• Use apostrophes correctly to communicate
• Apostrophe misuse creates a negative view of
Use Apostrophes to:
1. Replace missing letters.
(Cannot turned into can’t)
2. Demonstrate possession.
Don’t add an apostrophe
to make a plural word.
When you are about to
use an apostrophe; stop
and ask yourself if the
word is plural.
If it is then DON’T add the
Apostrophes for Abbreviation
When letters are missing
from a word, use an
*There’s (there is) a lot of
*I wouldn’t (would not) go
Can you identify the incorrect use of
the apostrophe in this picture?
Apostrophes for Ownership
Use an apostrophe to show
If there are multiple owners then the
apostrophe goes after the ‘s’
*The dogs’ bowls
*The boys’ books
Its and It’s
The ownership rule DOES NOT apply to
the word IT.
*The dog chewed its bone.
Use IT’S to show the abbreviation of “it
is” or “it has”.
*It’s (it is) a lovely day
*It’s (it has) been raining all
Oops! Can you spot the spelling and
apostrophe errors in this picture?
1. Has the apostrophe been used
2. What’s wrong with this picture?
Use is Rampant!
“Dog’s everywhere love chewing bones”
Does everywhere belong to dogs? No, so drop
“The dogs ate all the bone’s.”
Bones is plural so drop the apostrophe.
Think before you add an apostrophe!
Can you spot
Ludovico marveled at the many balloon basket’s he saw.
Some had covered section’s, others had small rooms’. The
best model’s had hardwood floors, while other’s had the
finest quality marble.
Barrington pointed out the smaller, strictly utilitarian
baskets, used to carry the merchant’s who travelled
skyward to buy and sell, the servant’s and other poor
unfortunates who by necessity had to remain earth
bound but whose existence relied upon providing good’s
and services to the sky-dwellers. Ludovicos adventurous
heart longed for one of these contraptions.
In this session we have:
• Reviewed the fundamental rules of
• Learned how to identify and correct
• Polished our grammar skills to become better