When it comes to personality types especially extroversion and its counterpart introversion, people always think that extroversion are outgoing, open-minded, talkative and sociable while introversion are shy, quiet, non-talkative and unsociable. Extroverts with these personality characteristics are more willing to try new things and learn from mistakes. That’s why people think that extroverts have better English proficiency because of their attempts, which is so called a stereotype.
There’re 8 classes in the department of applied foreign languages. Only one class will be picked randomly.
The Relationship Between Extroversion-Introversion and English Proficiency Among Applied Foreign Language Students at a University of Technology
+The Relationship Between Extroversion-Introversion andEnglish Proficiency Among Applied Foreign Language Studentsat a University of TechnologyPresenter: Patty TsaiAdvisor: Dr. Wangching ChenDate: 2013/06/31
+Table of ContentsMethodologyIntroductionLiterature Review2
BackgroundThe classroom in Taiwan where English is learned as aforeign language (EFL), with the amount ofapproximately 45 students and only one teacher, it is noteasy for teachers to notice the relationship betweenevery student’s personality type and their Englishproficiency.4
PurposeThe purpose of this study attempts to probeinto the relationship between extroversion-introversion and students’ English proficiencyin Taiwan.E I6
Research questionsQ1:Do extroverts perform better on their TOEIC tests thanintroverts?Q2:Do the extroverts and introverts use the similar learningstrategies when learning a second language?7
HypothesisH1:Different personality types of learners especiallyextroverted learners can get higher scores on TOEICtest.H2:Different personality types of learners especiallyextroverted learners use better learning strategies thanintroverts.8
Significance of the studyTo provide an “empirical research” into thescarcity of information on Taiwanese Englishmajor students’ individual differences and theirEnglish proficiency.9
What is personality? Personality is the type of person you are, which is shownby the way you behave, feel and think.(Sharma, 2008)Personality is defined as the sum total of our mental,emotional, social and physical characteristics thatdistinguishes us from others. They are what make us theunique person we are.(Yusoff, Rahim, &11
Definitions of Personality12(Fiske et al., 1949)ExtraversionThis trait includes characteristics such asexcitability, sociability, talkativeness,assertiveness and high amounts ofemotional expressiveness.
The notion of extroversion and introversionExtroverts are always regarded as “life of the party” person;in contrast, introverts are thought of as quite and reserved,with tendencies toward reclusiveness. Unfortunately, thesestereotypes have influenced teacher’s perceptions ofstudents, e.g., teachers always admire the talkative,outgoing students who participates freely in classdiscussions, rather than introverts who are sometimesthought of not being smart.(Brown, 1994) 13
Extroverted-introverted vs. English proficiencyMany SLA theorists claimed that extroverts are the betterlanguage learners.(Shahila & Meenakshi, 2012)Introverts actually have higher English proficiency thanthe extroverted learners, which is not what she expected.(Busch, 1982)14
Research GapEven there were some researchers focused onstudents’ English proficiency and extroversion-introversion factors, e.g., Busch’s study; still,there were very few research conducted in Asian,especially in Taiwan.15