Temperament as an indicator of language achievement


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  • From international campus Began in 9. 2010
  • U test is developed by the university of Tehran.
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  • The data of SILL consisting of 50 question items were analyzed into sex factors. 13 items are loaded on factor 1, and these can be labeled “functional practice strategies”.
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  • Temperament as an indicator of language achievement

    1. 1. Temperament as AnTemperament as An Indicator of LanguageIndicator of Language AchievementAchievement Patty TsaiPatty Tsai 2013.09.302013.09.30 Instructor: Dr. Teresa HsuInstructor: Dr. Teresa Hsu
    2. 2. Citation Ali Salmani Nodoushan, M. (2011). Temperament as An Indicator of Language Achievement. International Journal of Language Studies, 5(4), 33-52.
    3. 3. Table of contentsTable of contents 3 Methodology Introduction Literature Review Conclusion Results and Discussion
    4. 4. IntroductionIntroduction
    5. 5. Introduction Among varied factors studied by researchers, personality is a learner variable that has been associated with success in language learning and use. 5
    6. 6. Purpose The main aim of most of the works done on learner variables was to explain why some learners were more successful than others in second language acquisition. 6
    7. 7. Literature reviewLiterature review 7
    8. 8. Eysenck’s Personality Types Introversion-Extroversion scaleIntroversion-Extroversion scale NeuroticismscaleNeuroticismscale Psychotic scale
    9. 9. Definitions of 4 Psychotic factors Sanguine confidently optimistic and cheerful Phlegmatic undemonstrative man Choleric easily moved to anger Melancholic characterized by sadness
    10. 10. Literature Review Temperament is that aspect of our personalities that is genetically based, inborn, there from birth or even before. That does not mean that a temperament theory rules out the role of environment; rather, a temperament theory does not focus on environment. (Kasschau, 1985) 10
    11. 11. Literature Review As early as the 1980s, Stern noticed that extroverts are dominant in obtaining communication skills so they can achieve more talk opportunities whereas introverts are better language learners because of their analytic and systematic orientation. (Stern, 1983) 11
    12. 12. Literature Review 12 Zhang concluded that extroverts learn a second language more easily because they are more risk-taking; they are not afraid of embarrassing themselves by speaking incorrectly, or by not being able to speak at all, so they do not miss the opportunities that can help their learning. (Zhang, 2008)
    13. 13. MethodMethod 13
    14. 14. 14
    15. 15. • 20 written expression items • 15 structure items • 15 word study items • 15 word recognition vocabulary items • 15 word production vocabulary items • 10 short-context-passage items • 10 reading comprehension items U-Test 15 The U-Test is a TOEFL-like proficiency test which consists of 100 items. An example of structure items: When ______ the conference? a. the doctor attended b. did the doctor attend c. the doctor will attend d. the doctor’s attendance
    16. 16. An example of the card: Describe a classmate or colleague you often meet. You should say: •Where you usually meet •When you first met •What topics you usually talk about And say why you often meet IELTS speaking test cards 16 IELTS is a standardized test with a high enough reliability index.
    17. 17. Structure of the Eysenck Personality Test _____________________________________________ Scale Item Numbers Totals _____________________________________________ Neuroticism 2.4.7..........52.55.57 24 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Extroversion 1.3.5………..51.53.56 24 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Lie Detection 6.12. 18. 24. 30 36. 42. 09 48. 54 Eysenck Personality Test 17 The version of the test used in this study consisted of 57 Yes-No questions.
    18. 18. Results and discussionResults and discussion 18
    19. 19. Multivariate Tests The p value was less than 0.01, it was concluded that there was a statistically significant effect for time. 19 < 0.01
    20. 20. As figure 2 indicates, the sanguine group showed a greater gain in spoken performance than any of the other groups. Factor analysis for SILL 20 Sanguine
    21. 21. Pearson’s correlation coefficients between extroversion/introversion and six factors 21 The mean changes for the temperament groups were mathematically large.
    22. 22. As table shows, the P value for treatment was statistically significant. Therefore, it was concluded that the main effect for group was significant. T-test for differences between I-Group and E-Group 22 < 0.01
    23. 23. Discussions I. The sanguine and the choleric groups outperformed the other groups. The sanguine group had the best results. II. Extroverts appeared to be better language learners than introverts. III. It seems that such individual characteristics as being carefree, talkative, easygoing, sociable, etc. are conductive to language learning. 23
    24. 24. ConclusionConclusion 24
    25. 25. Conclusion The study found that extroverts had an advantage over introverts in their achievement in speaking classes. 25
    26. 26. Limitations  In this study, the number of participants is not that promising.  Moreover, the people studied in this research belonged to the intermediate-proficiency group, and the researcher cannot be sure if the same results will be found in a study that involves beginners or advanced learners of English. 26
    27. 27. My research plan Oct.Oct. Dec.Dec. Dec.Dec. Jan.Jan.
    28. 28. Thank you for listening.Thank you for listening.