Stages Of Group Development

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FOR POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Stage 1: FORMING
• GROUP MEMBERS LOOK TO THE LEADER FOR DIRECTION.
• MEMBERS HAVE A DESIRE FOR ACCEPTANCE BY THE GROUP AND FITTING IN.
• MEMBERS ARE SIZING EACH OTHER UP – CHECKING OUT PERSONALITIES AND TALENTS OF OTHER MEMBERS.
• MEMBERS FOCUS THEIR DISCUSSION ON THE TASK AT HAND, NOT WORRYING ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS.
• FEELINGS GOING THROUGH MEMBERS INCLUDE INSECURITY, NERVOUSNESS. THEY ARE ASKING THEMSELVES “Do I belong?”, “Will I be accepted by the group?”
Stage 2: Storming
• THIS STAGE IS CHARACTERIZED BY TENSION, COMPETITION, AND CONFLICT AMONG GROUP MEMBERS.
• QUESTIONS ARISE ABOUT WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR WHAT AND WHAT THE RULES ARE.
• SOME MEMBERS MAY REMAIN SILENT WHILE OTHERS ATTEMPT TO DOMINATE.
• SOME MEMBERS QUESTION AUTHORITY AND COMPETENCY OF THE GROUP LEADER
• THE GROUP LEADER HAS TO RAISE THE CONFLICT ISSUE AND DEAL WITH IT.
Stage 3: Norming
• LEADERSHIP IS SHARED AND CLIQUES DISSOLVED.
• CONFLICTS ARE RESOLVED AND THERE IS A STRONGER SENSE OF BELONGING TO THE GROUP.
• CREATIVITY IS HIGH.
• PEOPLE KNOW WHERE THEY FIT IN AND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM.
Stage 4: Performing
• NOW THE GROUP IS IN HIGH GEAR AND HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE. THE NEED FOR GROUP APPROVAL IS PAST.
• GROUP MEMBERS CAN NOW FOCUS ON THE TASK AND CARE FOR OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROUP.
• GROUP IDENTITY IS COMPLETE, GROUP MORALE IS HIGH, AND GROUP LOYALTY IS INTENSE.
Stage 5: RE-FORMING
• THIS STAGE OCCURS WHEN THE TASKS ARE COMPLETED AND THERE NO LONGER IS A NEED FOR THE GROUP TO EXIST.
• THIS STAGE INCLUDES RECOGNITION FOR PARTICIPATION (AWARDS) AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR GROUP MEMBERS TO SAY GOOD BYE. (CLOSURE)
• WITH THE DISSOLVING OF THE GROUP, NEW LEADERS ARE NEEDED TO TAKE ON THE NEW TASKS, SO A NEW GROUP FORMS.

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Stages Of Group Development

  1. 1. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Mr. TRAN MINH TAN, MSSW </li></ul><ul><li>Asian Social Instittute, 1518 Leon Guinto, Malate, Manila, Philippines </li></ul>
  2. 2. STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>FORMING </li></ul><ul><li>STORMING </li></ul><ul><li>NORMING </li></ul><ul><li>FERFORMING </li></ul><ul><li>RE-FORMING </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stage 1: FORMING <ul><li>GROUP MEMBERS LOOK TO THE LEADER FOR DIRECTION. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS HAVE A DESIRE FOR ACCEPTANCE BY THE GROUP AND FITTING IN. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS ARE SIZING EACH OTHER UP – CHECKING OUT PERSONALITIES AND TALENTS OF OTHER MEMBERS. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>MEMBERS FOCUS THEIR DISCUSSION ON THE TASK AT HAND, NOT WORRYING ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS. </li></ul><ul><li>FEELINGS GOING THROUGH MEMBERS INCLUDE INSECURITY, NERVOUSNESS. THEY ARE ASKING THEMSELVES “Do I belong?”, “Will I be accepted by the group?” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stage 2: Storming <ul><li>THIS STAGE IS CHARACTERIZED BY TENSION, COMPETITION, AND CONFLICT AMONG GROUP MEMBERS. </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS ARISE ABOUT WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR WHAT AND WHAT THE RULES ARE. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>SOME MEMBERS MAY REMAIN SILENT WHILE OTHERS ATTEMPT TO DOMINATE. </li></ul><ul><li>SOME MEMBERS QUESTION AUTHORITY AND COMPETENCY OF THE GROUP LEADER </li></ul><ul><li>THE GROUP LEADER HAS TO RAISE THE CONFLICT ISSUE AND DEAL WITH IT. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stage 3: Norming <ul><li>LEADERSHIP IS SHARED AND CLIQUES DISSOLVED. </li></ul><ul><li>CONFLICTS ARE RESOLVED AND THERE IS A STRONGER SENSE OF BELONGING TO THE GROUP. </li></ul><ul><li>CREATIVITY IS HIGH. </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE KNOW WHERE THEY FIT IN AND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stage 4: Performing <ul><li>NOW THE GROUP IS IN HIGH GEAR AND HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE. THE NEED FOR GROUP APPROVAL IS PAST. </li></ul><ul><li>GROUP MEMBERS CAN NOW FOCUS ON THE TASK AND CARE FOR OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROUP. </li></ul><ul><li>GROUP IDENTITY IS COMPLETE, GROUP MORALE IS HIGH, AND GROUP LOYALTY IS INTENSE. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stage 5: RE-FORMING <ul><li>THIS STAGE OCCURS WHEN THE TASKS ARE COMPLETED AND THERE NO LONGER IS A NEED FOR THE GROUP TO EXIST. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS STAGE INCLUDES RECOGNITION FOR PARTICIPATION (AWARDS) AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR GROUP MEMBERS TO SAY GOOD BYE. (CLOSURE) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>WITH THE DISSOLVING OF THE GROUP, NEW LEADERS ARE NEEDED TO TAKE ON THE NEW TASKS, SO A NEW GROUP FORMS. </li></ul>
  11. 11. REFERENCES <ul><li>Mendoza, Thelma Lee- “Social Work with Group” Philippines. Published by Mega-books Company. Copyright 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuckman, B. Developmental Sequence in Small Groups. Psychological Bulletin, 63, 384-399.(1965). </li></ul><ul><li>Tuckman B, and Jesenm, M,. Stages of Small Group Development. Group and Organizational Studies, 2, 419-427. (1977) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Maraming salamat Po

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