Sexually transmitted diseases (std) - Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Chlamidia

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A general look through sexually transmitted diseases. This kind of diseases is killing more and more people. Although they can be prevented effectively, most of the patients have been infected because of their carelessness. In this presentation my friends and I talk about Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Chlamidia Infection, which can completedly cured if they're detected soon enough. We also talk about how to prevent STDs effectively.

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  • Chlamydia, fertility, Fallopian Tube Problems, Endometriosis and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) all of them can be cured by traditional Chinese medicine,Fuyan pill. It can clear out the heat and toxic materials, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory,it is safe for women because it has no side-effect.Online visit http://global.fuyanpills.com/Fuyan_pill/
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Sexually transmitted diseases (std) - Gonorrhea, Syphilis and Chlamidia

  1. 1. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STD) Team 3 – Group 19 – class D-2012 University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  2. 2. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
  3. 3. What is an STD  A sexually transmitted disease (STD), also known as sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD), is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between humans or animals by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. While in the past, these illnesses have mostly been referred to as STDs or VD, in recent years the term sexually transmitted infection (STI) has been preferred, as it has a broader range of meaning; a person may be infected, and may potentially infect others, without showing signs of disease  Some STIs can also be transmitted via use of an IV drug needle after its use by an infected person, as well as through childbirth or breast feeding. Sexually transmitted infections have been well known for hundreds of years.
  4. 4. Some common STIs  AIDS  Chlamydial Infection  Chancroid  Genital Herpes  Gonorrhea  Papillomavirus Infections  Syphilis  Trichomoniasis  Hepatitis A, B and C And many others diseases that can be transferred through sexually contact.
  5. 5. Number of STD cases on the world
  6. 6. Review: Men and Women’s Reproductive system
  7. 7. GONORRHEA
  8. 8. Gonorrhea  Gonorrhea is one of the diseases transmitted sexually, through unprotected sexual intercourse protection. This is a very common infection, gonococcal bacteria "Neisseria gonorrhoeae" triggers, symptoms may or may not have clinical symptoms. Gonorrhea bacteria normally found in the vagina and is more particularly in the cervix in women and the urethra in men
  9. 9. Symptoms of gonorrhea in women  Most infected women do not reveal symptoms. Even when women are also specific symptoms and often mistaken for a bladder infection or vaginal  Itching and burning around the vagina, painful urination. As many as 50-80% have no symptoms or symptoms not clear whether or complications such as pelvic inflammatory lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Pregnant women with gonorrhea is not treated can cause miscarriage and infant washcloths. Manifestations of acute disease with acute urinary symptoms, purulent discharge from the urethra, cervix, tan or green, abundant, foul odor.
  10. 10. Symptoms of gonorrhea in men  Most men with gonorrhea often have symptoms of pain in the penis, the urethral pus enclosed cold pee, so they often visit soon, but not soon enough to prevent transmission to sexual partners. Urethritis due to gonorrhea has an incubation period of 3-5 days.  Expression purulent discharge from the urethra, green or yellow, and the number more often accompanied by acute diabetes, strip of land. If not treated in time will lead to chronic gonorrhea with common complications such as epididymitis, prostatitis ... cause infertility
  11. 11. Treatment for gonorrhea  There are many types of effective antibiotic treatment for gonorrhea but should be able to use the new data cleared . Medication may terminate the infection but do not fix the permanent damage caused by the disease .  Principle of treatment : gonorrhea divide every 15 minutes once spread so fast . So we need early treatment , the right medication - enough doses . Drug treatment for women and double time dose males
  12. 12. Treatment for gonorrhea  For uncomplicated gonorrhea can use the following medications :  - Ceftriaxone ( rocephin ) 250mg single dose intramuscularly .  - Spectinomycin ( trobicin ) 2g single dose .  - Cefotaxime 1g single dose intramuscularly .  For uncomplicated gonorrhea ( epididymitis , inflammation of fallopian tubes , ... ) the more complex treatment , antibiotics are used in high doses and prolonged ( 2-4 weeks ) . Gonorrhoea is often accompanied by Chlamydia trachomatis infection should therefore combine simultaneous treatment of gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis . Treatment of gonorrhea in newborns : Ceftriaxone 50mg/kg of body weight , administered intramuscularly as a single dose , not exceeding 125mg . At the same time fat Tetracycline topical 1 % by way every hour / day first , then 1 hour 8 times in 10 days
  13. 13. What happens if gonorrhea is not treated early ?  Gonorrhea infection can spread through the bloodstream to other parts of the body, causing damage & serious problems. In women, it can cause:  life-threatening complications such as ectopic pregnancy (outside the womb)  blocked fallopian tubes (the tubes which carry the egg from the ovaries to the womb), which can result in reduced fertility or infertility  long-term pelvic pain In men, it can lead to:  painful inflammation of the testicles, which may result in reduced fertility or sterility
  14. 14. SYPHILIS
  15. 15. Syphilis  Syphilis is a sexual transmitted disease caused by T.pallidum. It infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women. It can also pass from mother to baby during pregnancy.  There are 2 kind of syphilis: Acquired Syphilis and congenital Syphilis.  Acquired syphilis: natural infection with T.pallidum is usually transmitted by sexual contact, and the infectious lesion is on the skin or mucus membranes of genitalia.  Congenital Syphilis: infection with T.pallidum is transmitted from mother to the fetus through placenta in 20th week of gestation
  16. 16. Stages of Syphilis Primary stage  The first symptom is often a small, round, ulcer ( no sore) called a chancre in penis, vulva, or vagina… that appears about 3 weeks after you are infected. Nearby lymph glands are often swollen. The chancre disappears in about 3 to 6 weeks whether or not you are treated. Secondary stage  Most people have a skin rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your feet that doesn't itch.The rash appears 2 to 10 weeks after the chancre is healing or already healed. Other common symptoms include: Sore throat, Tiredness, Headache, Swollen lymph nodes. Secondary syphilis will seem to disappear even without treatment and can return.
  17. 17. Stages of Syphilis Latent Syphilis  The latent (hidden) stage of syphilis begins when primary and secondary symptoms disappear.  In early latent syphilis, the signs and symptoms of syphilis disappear, but the infection remains in your body within past 12 months.In late part of latent syphilis, the infection is quiet and the risk of infecting a sexual partner is low or not present and lasts for years. Tertiary Syphilis  In this stage, the bacteria will damage your heart, eyes, nervous system, bones or almost any other part of your body. This damage can happen years or even decades after the primary stage.  Late syphilis can result in mental illness, blindness, deafness (điếc), memory loss or other neurologic problems, heart disease, and death. Late neurosyphilis (brain or spinal cord damage) is one of the most severe signs of this stage
  18. 18. Congenital Syphilis  Depending on how long a pregnant woman has been infected, she may have a high risk of having a stillbirth (a baby born dead) or baby dies shortly after birth.  Other are born live but develop the sign of congenital syphilis in childhood: interstitial keratitis (viêm giác mạc kẽ), Hutchington’s teeth, CNS anomalies, saddle nose (mũi yên xe). Hutchinsons teeth in congenital syphilis
  19. 19. Treatmen for Syphilis  Syphilis of less than 1 year’s duration by a single injection of benzathine peniciline G intramuscularly.  In older or latent, benzathine peniciline G intramuscularly is given three times a week.  In neurosyphilis, the same therapy is acceptable with higher dose. Other antibiotics, tetracycline or erythromycin, can be substituted.  A typical Jarisch- Herxheimer reaction may occur within hour after treatment is begun. It is due to the release of toxin products from dying or killed T.pallidum
  20. 20. CHLAMYDIA
  21. 21. Chlamydia  Chlamydia is a common sexual transmitted disease caused by C.trachomatis. You can get chlamydia during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with an infected partner. Both men and women can get it.
  22. 22. Symptoms of chlamydia infection  Symptoms usually appear within 1 to 3 weeks after you are infected. Those who do have symptoms may have an abnormal discharge (mucus or pus) from the vagina or penis or experience pain while urinating.  In women, bacteria can infect the cervix and urinary tract. If the bacteria move into the fallopian tubes, they can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  23. 23. Treatment for Chlamydia  Using an antibiotic such as azithromycin (taken for one day) or doxycycline (taken for 7 days).  If you have chlamydia, you should  Take all your medicine, even after symptoms disappear, for the amount of time prescribed  Go to your healthcare provider again if your symptoms do not disappear within 1 to 2 weeks after finishing all your medicine  Not have sex until your treatment is completed and successful  Tell your sex partners that you have chlamydia so they can be tested and treated, if necessary
  24. 24. PREVENT STD
  25. 25. Get vaccinated  Get vaccinated. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent two viral STIs that can cause cancer — human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
  26. 26. Comdom  The easiest and most effective way to prevent contracting an STD is Abstinence.  The second easiest and effective way to protect yourself and your partner is to use a condom.  Latex condoms are up to 98% effective
  27. 27. Alcohols, circumcision and Truvada  Don't drink alcohol excessively or use drugs. If you're under the influence, you're more likely to take sexual risks.  Consider male circumcision. There's evidence that male circumcision can help reduce a man's risk of acquiring HIV from an infected woman (heterosexual transmission) by 50 to 60 percent  When used to help prevent HIV infection, Truvada is only appropriate if your doctor is certain you don't already have an HIV or hepatitis B infection.
  28. 28. Other tips  Abstain from sex (do not have oral, anal, or vaginal sex) until you are in a relationship with only one person, are having sex with only each other, and each of you knows the other’s sexual health status.  If you are a man who has had sex with other men, get tested at least once a year.  If you are a woman who is planning to get pregnant or who is pregnant, get tested as soon as possible, before you have your baby.  Talk about HIV and other STDs with each partner before you have sex.  Learn as much as you can about each partner’s past behavior), and consider the risks to your health.  Ask your partners if they have recently been tested for STD’s; encourage those who have not been tested to do so
  29. 29. PROTECT YOURSELF AND YOUR PARTNER Thank you for listening

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